Comparing Previously Placed Nephrostomy Tract (NT) Versus Single Stage Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy (PCNL)

This study has been terminated.
(Slow accrual)
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
Washington University School of Medicine
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00907946
First received: May 21, 2009
Last updated: February 9, 2011
Last verified: February 2011
  Purpose

The investigators are trying to determine whether placement of a nephrostomy tube prior to definitive stone surgery and under ultrasonic or fluoroscopic guidance will reduce complications related to bleeding and infection compare to obtaining renal access at the time of surgery.


Condition Intervention
Urolithiasis
Procedure: NT at the surgery
Procedure: NT 1 day before PCNL

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: A Prospective, Randomized Trial Comparing Previously Placed Nephrostomy Tract and Single Stage Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy and Its Effects on Infection and Bleeding Related Complications

Further study details as provided by Washington University School of Medicine:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Efficacy [ Time Frame: 3 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Enrollment: 8
Study Start Date: December 2009
Study Completion Date: October 2010
Primary Completion Date: October 2010 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
No Intervention: NT at the time of PCNL Procedure: NT at the surgery
A bladder urine culture will be obtained prior to surgery and appropriate antibiotic treatment will be initiated if necessary. The nephrostomy tract will be placed at the time of surgery under fluoroscopic guidance. All patients will receive empiric intravenous peri-operative antibiotics at induction. Renal pelvis urine and stone will be collected for culture and post-operative treatment will be initiated if necessary.
Active Comparator: NT prior to PCNL

A bladder urine culture will be obtained prior to nephrostomy tube placement and antibiotic treatment will be initiated if necessary. A nephrostomy tube will be placed at least one week prior to surgery in the Vascular Interventional Radiology (VIR) suite under fluoroscopic or ultrasound guidance. The type of imaging will be determined by the radiologist at the time of procedure and documented. A renal pelvis urine culture will be obtained at the time of nephrostomy tube placement. If the culture is positive, the patients will be treated with appropriate antibiotics for at least one week prior to PCNL. If the culture is negative, the patient will be stratified into 2 groups:

  1. Hydronephrosis present and/or stone greater than 2cm empiric antibiotics will be initiated.
  2. If neither of the above criteria (a.) are met, and the urine culture is negative, no antibiotics will be administered except peri-operatively according to standard protocol.
Procedure: NT 1 day before PCNL

A bladder urine culture will be obtained prior to nephrostomy tube placement and antibiotic treatment will be initiated if necessary. A nephrostomy tube will be placed at least one day prior to surgery in the Vascular Interventional Radiology (VIR) suite under fluoroscopic or ultrasound guidance. The type of imaging will be determined by the radiologist at the time of procedure and documented. A renal pelvis urine culture will be obtained at the time of nephrostomy tube placement. If the culture is positive, the patients will be treated with appropriate antibiotics for at least one week prior to PCNL. If the culture is negative, the patient will be stratified into 2 groups:

  1. Hydronephrosis present and/or stone greater than 2cm empiric antibiotics will be initiated.
  2. If neither of the above criteria (a.) are met, and the urine culture is negative, no antibiotics will be administered except peri-operatively according to standard protocol.

Detailed Description:

We seek to identify whether the placement of a nephrostomy tract prior to surgery versus at the time of PCNL will: 1. decrease blood loss and related complications, and 2. decrease infection-related complications by providing the ability to an accurate collection of urine for culture and initiating appropriate antibiotic treatment prior to definitive stone management. In addition, we seek to determine whether renal puncture under fluoroscopic vs ultrasonic guidance is associated with less blood loss. Although retrospective studies have shown some benefit to placing the nephrostomy tube prior to surgery in terms of decreased blood loss, there are no well-designed, prospective studies comparing the two treatment approaches. We seek to determine which treatment approach is safer, more efficacious, and more cost-effective through a prospective, randomized trial.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 90 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients age 18 years to 90 years old,
  • Patients with stone disease
  • Patients who hoose to have PCNL for treatment
  • Patients who understand the informed consent

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Minors
  • Unable to understand the informed consent
  • Unwilling to fill out the SF 36 questionnaire
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00907946

Locations
United States, Missouri
Washington University
St. Louis, Missouri, United States, 63110
Sponsors and Collaborators
Washington University School of Medicine
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Alana Desai, M. D., Washington University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00907946     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: Alana Desai PCNL Study
Study First Received: May 21, 2009
Last Updated: February 9, 2011
Health Authority: United States: Institutional Review Board

Keywords provided by Washington University School of Medicine:
Renal stones

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Urolithiasis
Urologic Diseases

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on September 22, 2014