Valsartan Intensified Primary Care Reduction of Blood Pressure Study (VIPER-BP)

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Baker IDI Heart and Diabetes Institute
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Novartis ( Novartis Pharmaceuticals )
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00902304
First received: April 28, 2009
Last updated: November 30, 2012
Last verified: November 2012
  Purpose

This study will assess the efficacy of an intensive blood pressure management strategy compared to usual care in a primary care (general practice) setting.


Condition Intervention Phase
Hypertension
Drug: Valsartan and hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ) - monotherapy
Drug: Valsartan and amlodipine
Drug: Usual care
Drug: Valsartan
Drug: Valsartan and hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ) - combination arm
Phase 4

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase IV Clinical Trial of Intensified Blood Pressure Management in Primary Care Using Valsartan Alone and as Combination Anti-Hypertensive Therapy

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Novartis:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Percentage of Patients Who Have Achieved Their Pre-specified (Individualized National Heart Foundation of Australia Criteria) Blood Pressure (BP) Target [ Time Frame: 26 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    BP target groups were: <= 125/75mmHg, <= 130/80mmHg and <= 140/90mmHg. The BP target was based on the patient's clinical risk profile as specified by National Heart Foundation of Australia guidelines.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Change in Mean Sitting Systolic Blood Pressure [ Time Frame: Baseline and 26 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The visit window was from 22 to 36 weeks. If more than one blood pressure measure was available within the specified window, then the one closest to the scheduled visit was used for analysis. If no measure was available within this window, then the last recorded BP post-randomization was used for the endpoint. Analysis of covariance model was used with the factors: baseline blood pressure, treatment and blood pressure target group at randomization.

  • Change in Mean Sitting Diastolic Blood Pressure [ Time Frame: Baseline and 26 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The visit window was from 22 to 36 weeks. If more than one blood pressure measure was available within the specified window, then the one closest to the scheduled visit was used for analysis. If no measure was available within this window, then the last recorded BP post-randomization was used for the endpoint. Analysis of covariance model was used with the factors: baseline blood pressure, treatment and blood pressure target group at randomization.

  • Change in Absolute Cardiovascular Risk Score [ Time Frame: Baseline and 26 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

    The absolute cardiovascular risk assessment uses the Framingham Risk Equation to predict risk of a cardiovascular event over the next 5 years. A score of <10% is a low risk, 10 to 15% is a moderate risk, and >15% is a high risk.

    A decrease indicates improvement.


  • Number of Patients With at Least One Adverse Events Attributable to Anti-hypertensive Therapy [ Time Frame: 26 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    The rate of all adverse events by preferred terms as determined by the General Practice investigators to be related to study intervention therapy was reported. Percentage of adverse events was calculated based on the number of participants analyzed. 41 adverse events were not reported as inadequate information was supplied to allow determination of drug treatment at onset.

  • Number of 'Early Responder' Patients Who Achieve Individualized Blood Pressure Control After 1 or 2 Adjustments [ Time Frame: 26 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    A comparison of the early responders was made based on the blood pressure measurements taken at the week 6 visit window according to gender and guideline targets. The guideline targets were: patients with renal impairment: 125/75 mmHg; patients with end-organ damage/cardiovascular disease: 130/80 mmHg; others: 140/90 mmHg.

  • Change in the EQ-5D Score [ Time Frame: Baseline and 26 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The EQ-5D total indexed score (AUS) measures self-reported quality of life with the following 5 dimensions: mobility (range 1,2,3), self-care (range 1,2,3), usual activity (range 1,2,3), pain/discomfort (range 1,2,3) and anxiety/depression (range 1,2,3), where a 1 indicates no problems, a 2 indicates moderate problems, and a 3 indicates severe problems. The range of possible utility scores are between -0.217 (derived from worse responses from all 5 dimensions with severe problems ie 3,3,3,3,3) and 1.000 (no problems for all 5 dimensions) for each dimension. An increase in EQ-5D indexed score (AUS) indicates improvement.

  • Number of Patients With Depression [ Time Frame: Baseline and week 26 ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Patients with depression refers to potential depressive symptoms, not clinically diagnosed depression. The 2 question Arrol screening tool was used to determine if the patient had potential depressive symptoms. The 2 questions are: During the last month have you often been bothered by feeling down, depressed or hopeless? During the past month have you often been bothered by little interest or pleasure in doing things? The presence of potential depressive symptoms was determined by a 'yes' answer to either of these questions.

  • Change in Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression (CES-D) Score From Baseline to Week 26 [ Time Frame: Baseline and week 26 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

    The CES-D score was from 0 to 30, with a higher score indicating a higher level of depression.

    The categories for the score are: 0 to 9 suggests no depression; 10 to 15 suggests mild depression; 16 to 24 suggests moderate depression; 24 or above suggests severe depression.


  • Participants With End Organ Disease at Baseline and Week 26 [ Time Frame: Baseline and week 26 ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

    A patient was considered to have end organ damage with either of the following: 1) proteinuria (dipstick = 1+ or more or protein/creatinine ratio > 30mg/mol or 24h urine protein > 0.3g); 2) no proteinuria, but presence of microalbuminuria (urine albumin/creatinine ratio 3.6 to 25mg/mol(male) or 3.6 to 35mg/mol (female) detected; 3) no proteinuria or microalbuminuria, but presence of macroalbuminuria (urine albumin/creatinine ratio > 25mg/mol(male) or >35mg/mol (female) detected OR 4) ECG evidence of LVH (Sokolow-Lyon voltage criteria values >= 38mm).

    Baseline potential for end organ damage was calculated in all 1562 randomised patients based on the criteria outlined above. If no investigation/data available, assumed no end-organ damage.

    It is important to note that given the limited number of ECGs at 26 weeks, between group comparisons should be limited to the two time points (baseline and 26 weeks).


  • Change in Self-care Behavior Score From Baseline to Week 26 [ Time Frame: Baseline and week 26 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    A modified self-care behavior tool (questionnaire) was used to calculate 2 domain scales: maintenance and confidence. Each domain has a standardized score between 0 and 100. Self-care is best represented by maintenance. Confidence is an important process that moderates the relationship between self-care and outcomes. Higher index score suggests better self-care. A score of 70 or greater can be used as the cut-point to judge self-care adequacy.

  • Rate of Treatment Compliance [ Time Frame: 26 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The rate of compliance was planned to be estimated from the quantity of unused medication returned at each scheduled visit over the entire follow-up period. Rate of compliance = (tablets supplied - tablets returned)/(tablets for 100% compliance).

  • Number of Patients With Major Clinical Endpoints [ Time Frame: 26 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Major clinical endpoints measured were all-cause mortality and fatal and non-fatal cardiovascular events (e.g. acute myocardial infarction, stroke and heart failure).


Enrollment: 2337
Study Start Date: July 2009
Study Completion Date: July 2011
Primary Completion Date: July 2011 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: Usual care
Physicians applied their usual pattern of patient visits and treatment strategies to achieve individualized blood pressure target
Drug: Usual care
As directed by investigator
Experimental: Monotherapy (initial monotherapy arm)
Physicians utilized valsartan 160mg per day for 6 weeks, followed by (if required) dose titrations every 4 weeks thereafter until week 14 (valsartan 320mg per day, then valsartan 320mg plus hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ) 12.5mg per day, then valsartan 320mg plus HCTZ 25mg per day (maximal dose)). For patients not at blood pressure target at week 18, physicians were requested to consider triple or alternative therapy at their own discretion for the remainder of the study.
Drug: Valsartan and hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ) - monotherapy
Monotherapy arm - if monotherapy valsartan 320mg per day orally was not sufficient, then could add HCTZ up to 25 mg per day orally
Drug: Valsartan
Valsartan 160mg per day to 320mg per day orally
Experimental: Combination (initial combination therapy arm)
Physicians initially utilized single tablet combination products of either valsartan plus hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ) or valsartan plus amlodipine for an initial 6 weeks of therapy (based on the treating physician's preference), with dose titrations (if required) every 4 weeks thereafter until week 10. The maximum dose for the HCTZ combination was valsartan 160mg plus HCTZ 25mg per day. The maximum dose for the amlodipine combination was valsartan 160mg plus amlodipine 10mg per day. For patients who were not at blood pressure target at week 14, physicians were requested to consider triple or alternative therapy at their own discretion for the remainder of the study.
Drug: Valsartan and amlodipine
From valsartan 80mg/amlodipine 5mg per day to valsartan 160mg/amlodipine 10mg per day orally
Drug: Valsartan and hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ) - combination arm
Combination arm - from valsartan 80mg/hydrochlorothiazide 12.5mg per day to valsartan 160mg/hydrochlorothiazide 25mg per day orally

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • newly diagnosed or currently treated hypertensive patients who have not attained their blood pressure target and require active pharmacological treatment as recommended by the local guidelines as judged by the general practitioner

Exclusion Criteria:

  • significantly elevated blood pressure (severe hypertension)
  • requiring 3 or more antihypertensive drugs
  • severe kidney disease or dialyses
  • clinical diagnosis requiring concomitant therapy with antihypertensive treatment that would be outside the therapies allowed under study protocol

Other protocol-defined inclusion/exclusion criteria may apply

  Contacts and Locations
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00902304

Locations
United States, New Jersey
Novartis Pharmaceuticals
East Hanover, New Jersey, United States, 07936
Australia
Professor Simon Stewart-Principal Investigator
Melbourne, Australia
Professor Garry Jennings-Co Principal Investigator
Melbourne, Australia
Sponsors and Collaborators
Novartis Pharmaceuticals
Baker IDI Heart and Diabetes Institute
Investigators
Study Director: Study Director Novartis Pharmaceuticals
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Novartis ( Novartis Pharmaceuticals )
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00902304     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CVAL489AAU01
Study First Received: April 28, 2009
Results First Received: July 29, 2012
Last Updated: November 30, 2012
Health Authority: Australia: Department of Health and Ageing Therapeutic Goods Administration
Australia: Human Research Ethics Committee
Australia: National Health and Medical Research Council

Keywords provided by Novartis:
Hypertension
valsartan

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Hypertension
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Valsartan
Amlodipine, valsartan drug combination
Antihypertensive Agents
Hydrochlorothiazide
Amlodipine
Cardiovascular Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Pharmacologic Actions
Diuretics
Natriuretic Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Sodium Chloride Symporter Inhibitors
Membrane Transport Modulators
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Calcium Channel Blockers
Vasodilator Agents
Angiotensin II Type 1 Receptor Blockers
Angiotensin Receptor Antagonists

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on April 21, 2014