Pain in Neonates During Screening for Retinopathy of Prematurity Using Two Methods (RETCAM)
Retinopathy of prematurity screening is painful. Wide field digital retinal imaging (WFDRI) and binocular indirect ophthalmoscopy (BIO) are being used for screening examinations. The aim of Edinburgh, UK based study is to compare the pain experienced by infants using both examination techniques.
Retinopathy of Prematurity
|Study Design:||Time Perspective: Prospective|
|Official Title:||Pain in Neonates During Screening for Retinopathy of Prematurity Using Binocular Indirect Ophthalmoscopy and Wide-field Digital Retinal Imaging: a Randomized Comparison|
|Study Start Date:||April 2004|
|Study Completion Date:||February 2008|
|Primary Completion Date:||January 2008 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Infants undergoing routine eye screening at Edinburgh Royal Infirmary Neonatal Intensive Care Unit are to be recruited. Infants will be excluded if they require mechanical ventilation or analgesic medication or if they have moderate/severe neurological impairment. The first screening examination for each baby was included. Infants' eyes will be examined by both WFDRI and BIO with eyelid speculum by 2 experienced pediatric ophthalmologists in random order. Observations will be video-recorded during examinations to generate a pain score (premature infant pain profile) for both WFDRI and BIO. The pain scores, heart rates, oxygen saturations and time taken for WFDRI and BIO will be compared using paired t tests.
|Edinburgh, United Kingdom|
|Study Chair:||Dr B Fleck, MBChB FRCOpth BSc(Hons) MD||NHS Lothian|
|Principal Investigator:||Dr C Dhaliwal, BSc(Hons) MBChB MRCPCH||NHS Lothian|