Bevacizumab and Lapatinib in Children With Recurrent or Refractory Ependymoma

This study is ongoing, but not recruiting participants.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
CERN Foundation - Collaborative Ependymoma Research Network
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00883688
First received: April 17, 2009
Last updated: September 5, 2014
Last verified: September 2014
  Purpose

The goal of this clinical research study is to learn if the combination of Avastin (bevacizumab) and Tykerb (lapatinib) can help to control ependymoma in pediatric patients. The safety of this drug combination will also be studied.


Condition Intervention Phase
Brain Cancer
Pediatric Cancers
Drug: Bevacizumab
Drug: Lapatinib
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase II Study of Bevacizumab and Lapatinib in Children With Recurrent or Refractory Ependymoma

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by M.D. Anderson Cancer Center:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Objective Response Rate [ Time Frame: 4 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Primary endpoint is objective response rate, complete response plus partial response (CR+PR) sustained for at least four weeks. Complete Response (CR) - Complete disappearance on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of all enhancing tumor and mass effect, on a stable or decreasing dose of corticosteroids (or receiving only adrenal replacement doses), accompanied by a stable or improving neurologic examination and must be sustained for at least 4 weeks. If CSF was positive it must become negative. Partial Response (PR) - Greater than or equal to 50% reduction in tumor size by bi-dimensional measurement on a stable or decreasing dose of corticosteroids, accompanied by stable or improving neurologic examination and must be sustained for at least 4 weeks.


Estimated Enrollment: 40
Study Start Date: July 2009
Estimated Primary Completion Date: May 2016 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Bevacizumab + Lapatinib
Bevacizumab 10 mg/kg given by vein over 90 minutes for first injection (30-60 minutes for subsequent doses) every 2 weeks while on study (2 times during each 4-week "study cycle"). Lapatinib Pills of 700 mg/m^2/dose given orally 2 times each day.
Drug: Bevacizumab
10 mg/kg given by vein over 90 minutes for first injection (30-60 minutes for subsequent doses) every 2 weeks while on study (2 times during each 4-week "study cycle").
Other Names:
  • Avastin
  • Anti-VEGF monoclonal antibody
  • rhuMAb-VEGF
Drug: Lapatinib
Pills of 700 mg/m^2/dose given orally 2 times each day.
Other Names:
  • Tykerb
  • GW572016

  Show Detailed Description

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   up to 21 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Age: Patient must be < or = 21 years of age.
  2. Tumor: Patients must have recurrent or refractory intracranial ependymoma (including myxopapillary, clear cell, papillary, tanycytic, and anaplastic ependymoma) or subependymoma. Patients with primary diagnosis of intracranial ependymoma with spinal cord metastases or relapse are eligible. The diagnosis must be confirmed by the CERN enrolling site's pathologist on tissue from either the initial presentation or time of recurrence prior to registration. For central pathology review and trial biological studies, submission of a paraffin block with tumor measuring at least 1 cm x 1 cm in area is preferred, but 15 x 5micro m unstained sections on slides may be provided by the referring laboratory instead. Tissue must be submitted within 60 days after enrollment for central processing and analysis.
  3. Patients must have measureable disease which is defined as at least one measurable lesion that can be accurately measured in 2 planes. Diffuse leptomeningeal involvement ("sugar coating") that does not allow measurement of at least one lesion in 2 planes will not be considered measurable disease.
  4. Patients may have had any number of prior treatment regimens (including biologic) before or after radiotherapy. Patients may not have previously been treated with Bevacizumab or Lapatinib. Gliadel wafers must be approved by CERN PI (Project Leader, Co-Leader and Protocol PI).
  5. Neurological Deficits: Patients with neurological deficits should have deficits that are stable or improving for a minimum of 1 week prior to registration.
  6. Performance Score: Karnofsky Performance Scale (KPS for > 16 years of age) or Lansky Performance Score (LPS for < or = 16 years of age) > or = 50 assessed within 2 weeks prior to registration.
  7. Evidence of recovery from any prior chemotherapy. No myelosuppressive anticancer chemotherapy or biological therapy within 3 weeks (6 weeks if a nitrosourea or mitomycin C agent) prior to registration.
  8. Prior/Concurrent Therapy: XRT: Patients must have had prior radiation therapy for treatment of their ependymoma. XRT must be > or = 3 months prior to registration for craniospinal irradiation (> or = 18 Gy); > or = 4 weeks for local radiation to primary tumor; and > or = 2 weeks prior to registration for focal irradiation to symptomatic metastatic sites.
  9. Prior/Concurrent Therapy: Bone Marrow Transplant: > or = 3 months prior to registration for autologous bone marrow/stem cell transplant.
  10. Prior/Concurrent Therapy: Anti-convulsants: Patients with seizure disorder may be enrolled if well controlled. Patients receiving enzyme-inducing anticonvulsants are not eligible for this study. Patients must be off EIACD for at least 2 weeks prior to registration.
  11. Prior/Concurrent Therapy: Corticosteroids: Patients who are receiving corticosteroids must be on a stable or decreasing dose for at least 1 week prior to registration.
  12. Prior/Concurrent Therapy: Growth Factors: Off all colony forming growth factor(s) > or = 2 weeks prior to registration (G-CSF, GM-CSF, Erythropoietin).
  13. Patients must not have received: CYP3A4 inhibitors within seven (7) days prior to registration on protocol and for the duration of the study. However, amiodarone, another CYP3A4 inhibitor, should have been discontinued 6 months prior to registration and for the duration of the study.
  14. Patient must not have received: CYP3A4 inducers within fourteen (14) days prior to registration and for the duration of the study.
  15. Patient must not have received: Cimetidine within 48 hours prior and for the duration of the study.
  16. The following laboratory values must be assessed within 7 days prior to registration and must be repeated if initial labs were done greater than (>seven) (7) calendar days prior to the start of therapy. Organ Function: Must have adequate organ function and marrow function as defined by the following parameters: Bone Marrow: Absolute neutrophil count >or =1000microliter, Platelets > or = 100,000 microliter (transfusion independent), Hemoglobin >or =8.0 g/dL. Renal: Serum creatinine <or = 1.5 times upper limit of institutional for age or GFR>or = 70ml/min/1.73m2 Hepatic: Total bilirubin < or = 1.5 times upper limit of normal for age: SGPT (ALT)<2.5x institutional upper limit of normal for age and albumin > or = 2g/dL. No overt renal, hepatic, cardiac or pulmonary disease.
  17. No overt renal, hepatic, cardiac or pulmonary disease.
  18. Adequate cardiac function, assessed within 2 weeks prior to registration, defined as: shortening fraction of > or = 27% by echocardiogram, or ejection fracture (LVEF) > or = 50% by gated radionucleotide study.
  19. Adequate pulmonary function, assessed within 2 weeks prior to registration, defined as: no evidence of dyspnea at rest, no exercise intolerance, and a pulse oximetry > 94% if there is clinical indication for determination.
  20. Signed informed consent according to institutional guidelines must be obtained.
  21. Women of child-bearing potential and men must agree to use adequate contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth control; abstinence) prior to study entry and for the duration of study participation. Should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while participating in this study, she should inform her treating physician immediately and will be removed from the study.
  22. Patient must begin therapy within 7 calendar days of registration.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Patients may not have previously been treated with Bevacizumab or Lapatinib.
  2. Patients with any significant medical illnesses that, in the investigator's opinion, cannot be adequately controlled with appropriate therapy or would compromise the patient's ability to tolerate this therapy.
  3. Patients with any disease that would obscure toxicity or dangerously alter drug metabolism.
  4. Patients receiving any other anticancer or experimental drug therapy.
  5. Patients with uncontrolled infection.
  6. Patients on enzyme inducing anticonvulsants.
  7. Patients with > / = Grade 2 uncontrolled hypertension.
  8. History of a stroke, myocardial infarction, or unstable angina in the previous 6 months.
  9. Evidence of a bleeding diathesis, coagulopathy or PT INR>1.5.
  10. Patients who require the use of therapeutic anti-coagulation: except as required to maintain patency of preexisting permanent vascular catheter.
  11. Pre-existing coagulopathy or thrombosis: Patients must not have been previously diagnosed with a deep venous or arterial thrombosis (including pulmonary embolism), and must not have a known thrombophilic condition.
  12. Patients must have recovered from any surgical procedure before enrolling on this study.
  13. History of an abdominal fistula, GI perforation, or intra-abdominal abscess within previous 6 months.
  14. A serious, non healing wound, ulcer, or bone fracture.
  15. Evidence of a new intracranial or intratumoral hemorrhage that is larger than a punctuate size on baseline MRI obtained within 14 days prior to study registration.
  16. If there is proteinuria present on dipstick, patients must have a 24 hour urine collection. Patients are excluded if they have >500 mg protein on 24 hour urine collection.
  17. Pregnancy: Females of childbearing potential must have negative serum or urine pregnancy test within 7 days prior to study entry. The effects of lapatinib on the developing human fetus are unknown. However, bevacizumab is known to be teratogenic and detrimental to fetal development and endometrial proliferation, thereby having a negative effect on fertility.
  18. Breastfeeding: Because there is an unknown but potential risk for adverse events in nursing infants secondary to treatment of the mother with lapatinib of bevacizumab, breastfeeding should be discontinued if the mother is treated on this study.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00883688

Locations
United States, California
Stanford University Medical Center
Stanford, California, United States, 94305
United States, Illinois
Children's Memorial Hospital
Chicago, Illinois, United States, 60614
United States, Ohio
Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center
Cincinnati, Ohio, United States, 45229
United States, Pennsylvania
Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States, 15213
United States, Tennessee
St. Jude Children's Research Hospital
Memphis, Tennessee, United States, 38105
United States, Texas
University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center
Houston, Texas, United States, 77030
Sponsors and Collaborators
M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
CERN Foundation - Collaborative Ependymoma Research Network
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Michael E. Rytting, MD M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
  More Information

Additional Information:
No publications provided

Responsible Party: M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00883688     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CERN08-01, NCI-2012-02129
Study First Received: April 17, 2009
Last Updated: September 5, 2014
Health Authority: United States: Institutional Review Board

Keywords provided by M.D. Anderson Cancer Center:
Brain Tumor
Recurrent Ependymoma
Refractory Ependymoma
Intracranial ependymoma
Ependymoblastoma
Subependymoma
Myxopapillary
Clear cell
Anaplastic
Bevacizumab
Avastin
Anti-VEGF Monoclonal Antibody
rhuMAb-VEGF
Lapatinib
Tykerb
GW572016

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Ependymoma
Brain Neoplasms
Glioma
Neoplasms, Neuroepithelial
Neuroectodermal Tumors
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue
Central Nervous System Neoplasms
Nervous System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Bevacizumab
Lapatinib
Antibodies, Monoclonal
Angiogenesis Inhibitors
Angiogenesis Modulating Agents
Growth Substances
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Pharmacologic Actions
Growth Inhibitors
Antineoplastic Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Protein Kinase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on September 30, 2014