Dyspnea and Biomarkers in a Prehospital Setting
In patients presenting with acute dyspnea in a pre-hospital setting, the early and correct diagnosis may present a significant clinical challenge. Physical examination, chest radiography, electrocardiography, and standard biological tests often fail to accurately differentiate heart failure (HF) from pulmonary causes of dyspnea. Timely differentiation of HF from other causes of dyspnea may permit the early institution of appropriate medical therapy. Brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) and amino-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) have been proposed as early markers of HF and demonstrated to be useful for diagnosing and excluding HF in the emergency department. A combination of BNP or NT-proBNP testing and standard clinical assessment has been suggested to be superior to either tool used in isolation. Some previous studies have also suggested that quantitative capnometry (QC) may be useful in differentiating between cardiac and obstructive causes of respiratory distress. Therefore, the investigators hypothesized that a new combination of NT-proBNP testing, standard clinical assessment, and partial pressure of end-tidal CO2 (PetCO2) would optimize evaluation and differentiation of acute dyspnea in a pre-hospital setting.
The aim of this study was to determine the accuracy of combination of QC, NT-proBNP, and clinical assessment in differentiating acute HF from obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD/asthma) as a cause of acute dyspnea in pre-hospital emergency setting.
|Study Design:||Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
|Official Title:||Quantitative Capnometry and Nt-proBNP in Differentiating of Acute Dyspnea in Pre-Hospital Emergency Setting|
|Study Start Date:||January 2005|
|Study Completion Date:||June 2007|
|Primary Completion Date:||June 2007 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Group with obstructive causes of dyspnea
Criteria for clinical assessment of severe asthma (diffuse polyphonic bilateral and particular expiratory wheezes, chest tightness, shortness of breath, using accessory muscles of breathing, signs of hyperinflation, atopic condition, personal or family history of asthma, tachypnea, previous asthma and asthma medications, and the value of modified Boston criteria for HF ≤ 5) and criteria for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) exacerbation (history of COPD, COPD medications, cough, worsening dyspnea, increased sputum production and volume, increased sputum purulence, rhonchi and rales, modified Boston criteria for HF ≤ 5)
Heart failure group
The investigators protocol for clinical assessment of HF-related acute dyspnea (the prehospital clinical assessment for HF) was designed based on Boston (13) and Framingham criteria for HF (14) (Table 1). The investigators did not use certain criteria from the original protocols, which were not available in the prehospital setting (e.g., chest radiography).
|Health Center Maribor, Center for Emergency Medicine|
|Maribor, Slovenia, 2000|
|Principal Investigator:||Štefek Grmec, Prof,MD,PhD||Health Center, Center for emergency Medicine Maribor|