Treatment Efficacy and Malaria TRANSmission After Artemisinin Combination Therapy (TRANSACT)

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
Kilimanjaro Christian Medical Centre, Tanzania
European Union
Information provided by:
Radboud University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00868465
First received: March 24, 2009
Last updated: June 4, 2010
Last verified: April 2009
  Purpose

Artemisinin combination therapy (ACT) with artemether lumefantrine (AL) is currently the first line treatment policy in Tanzania. AL is an efficacious drug that also has the capacity to reduce malaria transmission to mosquitoes. Nevertheless, there is concern about the development of parasite resistance against AL and there have been very few clinical trials that compared different ACT regimens. A recent clinical trial shows that the combination of dihydroartemisinin-piperaquine (DP) may be more efficacious than AL and may have a more pronounced beneficial effect on post-treatment malaria transmission. Screening for molecular markers that are related to parasite susceptibility to ACT drugs and to post-ACT treatment malaria transmission can assist in preventing the development and spread of ACT resistance.

In the current study, the investigators compared AL and DP for the treatment of uncomplicated malaria. The investigators endpoints are

  • clinical efficacy
  • post-treatment gametocytaemia by molecular techniques
  • post-treatment malaria transmission.

Condition Intervention
Uncomplicated Malaria
Drug: Artemether-Lumefantrine
Drug: Dihydroartemisinin-piperaquine

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Radboud University:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • To determine the clinical efficacy of artemether-lumefantrine (AL) and dihydroartemisinin-piperaquine (DP) in the treatment of uncomplicated falciparum malaria in children living in north-western Tanzania and in western Kenya. [ Time Frame: during 42 day follow-up ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • To determine (sub-microscopic) gametocyte carriage after treatment with AL and DP [ Time Frame: during 42 day follow-up ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • To determine malaria transmission to mosquitoes after treatment with AL or DP [ Time Frame: day 7 after initiation treatment ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • To determine molecular markers that are predictive of reduced susceptibility of parasite strains for AL and DP [ Time Frame: day 7 after initiation treatment ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • To determine molecular markers that are related to gametocytaemia or malaria transmission after treatment with AL and DP [ Time Frame: during 42 day follow-up ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • To determine the relation between treatment success and the presence of anti-malaria antibodies [ Time Frame: during 42 day follow-up ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • To explore the role of cellular oxidative stress in treatment with AL and DP [ Time Frame: during 42 day follow-up ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • To determine the relation between transmission to mosquitoes and the presence of anti-malaria antibodies [ Time Frame: day 7 after initiation treatment ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Estimated Enrollment: 600
Study Start Date: April 2009
Study Completion Date: May 2010
Primary Completion Date: May 2010 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: 1
Artemether-lumefantrine; currently the first line treatment in Tanzania
Drug: Artemether-Lumefantrine
Treatment with artemether-lumefantrine (AL; Coartem; Novartis Pharma), administered as half a tablet (20 mg of artemether and 120 mg of lumefantrine) per 5 kg of body weight in a 6-dose regimen (at enrolment and 8, 20, 32, 44, and 56 h [+/-90 min] after the initiation of treatment). AL is currently the first line treatment in Tanzania
Other Name: Coartem; Riamet
Experimental: 2
Dihydroartemisinin-piperaquine, alternative ACT
Drug: Dihydroartemisinin-piperaquine
Dihydroartemisinin-piperaquine (DP; Artekin; Duocotexin, Holley Pharm, 40 mg dihydroartemisinin/320 mg piperaquine tablets), with a dihydroartemisinin dose of 2.5 mg per kilogram and a piperaquine phosphate dose of 20 mg per kilogram daily for 3 days. DH is registered in Tanzania as Artekin and has been tested extensively in Asia and recently in clinical trials in Uganda and Rwanda
Other Name: Artekin

  Show Detailed Description

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   6 Months to 10 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Age 6 months - 10 years
  • Residents of research area (5 km around the clinic)
  • Willingness to come for complete scheduled follow-up.
  • Uncomplicated malaria with P. falciparum mono-infection
  • Parasitaemia of 1000-200,000 parasites/ul
  • Temperature > 37.5°C and < 39.5°C, or history of fever in previous 24 hours.
  • No history of adverse reactions to AL
  • Understanding of the procedures of the study by parent or guardian and willing to participate by signing informed consent forms.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • General signs of severe malaria
  • Haemoglobin concentration < 5g/dl
  • Presence of disease other than malaria causing febrile conditions
  • Mixed infection with P. malariae or other non-falciparum malaria species
  • Unwilling to participate and sign informed consent forms.
  Contacts and Locations
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00868465

Locations
Kenya
International Centre for Insect Physiology and Ecology - St. Judes Clinic
Mbita, Suba District, Kenya
Tanzania
Kilimanjaro Christian Medical Centre, Magugu Field Site
Moshi, Kilimanjaro Region, Tanzania
Sponsors and Collaborators
Radboud University
Kilimanjaro Christian Medical Centre, Tanzania
European Union
  More Information

Publications:
Additional publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: Teun Bousema, Kilimanjaro Christian Medical Centre
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00868465     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: TRANSACT09
Study First Received: March 24, 2009
Last Updated: June 4, 2010
Health Authority: Tanzania: National Institute for Medical Research
Kenya: KEMRI Ethical Review Committee

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Malaria
Protozoan Infections
Parasitic Diseases
Artemether
Dihydroquinghaosu
Artemisinins
Piperaquine
Lumefantrine
Artemether-lumefantrine combination
Antifungal Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Pharmacologic Actions
Antimalarials
Antiprotozoal Agents
Antiparasitic Agents
Coccidiostats
Schistosomicides
Antiplatyhelmintic Agents
Anthelmintics

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on April 16, 2014