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Double Blinded Randomized Clinical Trial of the Effect of Open Versus Laparoscopic Colectomy on Neutrophils in Patients With Colon Cancer

The recruitment status of this study is unknown because the information has not been verified recently.
Verified March 2010 by University Hospital Dubrava.
Recruitment status was  Recruiting
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Ministry of Science, Education and Sport, Republic of Croatia
Information provided by:
University Hospital Dubrava
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00860691
First received: March 10, 2009
Last updated: March 24, 2010
Last verified: March 2010
  Purpose

The purpose of this study is:

  • to determine neutrophil activity in patients with colon cancer,
  • to determine levels sFas, sFasL and IL - 17 in serum of healthy volunteers and colon cancer patients and establish its prognostic value,
  • to elucidate the relationship between serum sFas, sFasL and IL - 17 levels and clinicopathologic features of colon cancer,
  • to compare the influence of laparoscopic and conventional procedures on postoperative serum sFas and sFasL levels in colon cancer patients
  • to compare the influence of laparoscopic and conventional procedures on postoperative serum IL - 17 levels in colon cancer patients
  • to compare the influence of laparoscopic and conventional procedures on postoperative neutrophil functions
  • to confirm the expression of FasL protein in human colorectal cancer and elucidate the relationship between FasL expression and clinicopathologic features of the disease, to establish the prevalence of Fas in primary colon adenocarcinomas and elucidate the relationship between FasL expression and clinicopathologic features of the disease
  • to determine the functional activity of tumour infiltrating neutrophils

Condition Intervention
Colonic Neoplasms
Procedure: Therapeutic conventional colorectal surgery
Procedure: Therapeutic laparoscopic colorectal surgery
Other: Peripheral blood sampling and performing: ELISA test of sFas, sFasL, IL - 17 and Bursttest

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Caregiver, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Double Blinded Randomized Clinical Trial of the Effect of Open Versus Laparoscopic Colectomy on Neutrophils in Patients With Colon Cancer

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by University Hospital Dubrava:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Neutrophil activity before and after the open or laparoscopic surgery - Serum concentrations of sFas, sFasL and IL - 17. [ Time Frame: 24 hours before surgery, 72 hours after surgery ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Respiratory burst neutrophil production - Bursttest before and after open or laparoscopic surgery [ Time Frame: 24 hours before surgery and 2 hours after surgery ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Immunohistochemical detection of FasL in tumor and paratumor areas of colon cancer and normal colon mucosa taken at a distance of 10 cm from the tumor [ Time Frame: after surgery ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Immunohistochemical detection of Fas in tumor and paratumor areas of colon cancer and normal colon mucosa taken at a distance of 10 cm from the tumor [ Time Frame: after surgery ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Immunohistochemical detection of neutrophil elastase in tumor and paratumor areas of colon cancer and normal colon mucosa taken at a distance of 10 cm from the tumor [ Time Frame: after surgery ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Number of leukocytes, neutrophils, lymphocytes and neutrophils/lymphocytes ratio [ Time Frame: 24 hours before surgery, 2 hours after surgery, 72 hours after surgery ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • CRP [ Time Frame: 24 hours before surgery, 72 hours after surgery ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Fe, transferrin, ferritin [ Time Frame: 24 hours before surgery, 72 hours after surgery ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • to determine neutrophil activity in patients with colon cancer and healthy volunteers [ Time Frame: 24 hours before surgery, 2 hours and 72 hours after surgery ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • to compare the influence of laparoscopic and conventional procedures on postoperative neutrophil function [ Time Frame: 24 hours before surgery, 2 hours and 72 hours after surgery ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • to determine functional activity of tumour infiltrating neutrophils [ Time Frame: after surgery ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • to determine an effect of surgery on neutrophil activity [ Time Frame: 24 hours before surgery, 2 hours and 72 hours after surgery ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • to determine levels sFas, sFasL and IL - 17 in serum of healthy volunteers and colon cancer patients and establish its prognostic value [ Time Frame: 24 hours before surgery, 2 hours and 72 hours after surgery ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • to eludicate the relationship between serum sFas, sFasL and IL - 17 levels and clinicopathologic features of colon cancer [ Time Frame: 24 hours before surgery, 2 hours and 72 hours after surgery ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • to compare the influence of laparoscopic and conventional procedures on postoperative serum sFas, sFasL and IL - 17 levels in colon cancer patients [ Time Frame: 24 hours before surgery, 2 hours and 72 hours after surgery ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • to confirm the expression of FasL protein in human colorectal cancer and elucidate the relationship between FasL expression and clinicopathologic features of the disease [ Time Frame: after surgery ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • to establish the prevalence of Fas in primary colon adenocarcinomas and elucidate the relationship between Fas expression and clinicopathologic features of the disease [ Time Frame: after surgery ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • loss of blood during the surgery, postoperative hospital stay, morbidity, and mortality within 30 days after surgery [ Time Frame: intraoperative and within 30 days after surgery ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Estimated Enrollment: 60
Study Start Date: January 2008
Estimated Study Completion Date: June 2010
Primary Completion Date: July 2009 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: ARM I - Open colorectal surgery
Open colorectal surgery
Procedure: Therapeutic conventional colorectal surgery
Patients with colorectal cancer undergo open laparotomy and colorectal resection
Other Name: Open colorectal surgery
Experimental: ARM II - Laparoscopic colorectal surgery
Laparoscopic colorectal surgery
Procedure: Therapeutic laparoscopic colorectal surgery
Patients with colorectal cancer undergo laparoscopic colorectal resection
Control - reference value
Blood samples from healthy volunteers will be obtained at one time point.Peripheral blood samples will be obtained into tubes with no additive (BD Vacutainer System, Plymouth, UK).Samples will be processed to serum. Serum concentrations of sFas will be quantitative determinated by a sandwich enzyme immunoassay technique (ELISA)using specific anti-Fas MoAbs, Human sFas Immunoassay. Serum concentrations of sFasL will be quantitative determinated by a sandwich enzyme immunoassay technique (ELISA) using specific anti-Fasl MoAbs, Human sFas Immunoassay. Serum concentration of IL - 17 will be quantitative determinated by a sandwich enzyme immunoassay technique (ELISA) using Human IL-17 Immunoassay. . Peripheral blood samples for measurement of oxidative burst in neutrophils will be collected into heparinised blood tube. burst neutrophil production will be determined quantitatively by flow cytometry as described by Rothe using a commercial kit Bursttest Kit.
Other: Peripheral blood sampling and performing: ELISA test of sFas, sFasL, IL - 17 and Bursttest
Informed consent will be obtained.Blood samples will be obtained at one time point. .Samples will be processed to serum, using a refrigerated centrifuge, then stored at -80C until analysis. Peripheral blood samples for measurement of oxidative burst in neutrophils will be collected into heparinised blood tube.Serum concentrations of sFas will be quantitative determinated by a sandwich enzyme immunoassay technique (ELISA) using specific anti-Fas MoAbs, Human sFas Immunoassay (Code: DFS00; QUANTIKINE R&D Systems Inc, Minneapolis, USA). Serum concentrations of sFasL will be quantitative determinated by a sandwich enzyme immunoassay technique (ELISA) using specific anti-Fasl MoAbs, Human sFas Immunoassay (Code: DFS00; QUANTIKINE R&D Systems Inc, Minneapolis, USA).Respiratory burst neutrophil production will be determined quantitatively by flow cytometry using a commercial kit Bursttest Kit (Cat. No: 10-0200; ORPEGEN Pharma, Germany)

Detailed Description:

Colorectal cancer is the leading cause of death worldwide. Tumour cell extravasation plays a key role in tumour metastasis. There are evidences tumour cell-leukocyte interactions may support tumour cell invasion and could create an optimal microenvironment for tumour growth at the metastatic site. Neutrophils produce free radicals and proteases; they could cause tumour cytolysis, as well as promote tumour growth and metastasis. It seems that neutrophils play an important role in the context of tumour and angiogenesis.

It is not well understood why FasL induces immune privilege in some organs but elicits inflammation. To explain these apparently conflicting phenomena, it is important to investigate the mechanism of FasL-induced inflammation in detail. Fas/FasL can serve as potential targets for effective antitumor therapy. This research will be useful to eludicate the importance of neutrophil in colorectal cancer. We will investigate the possible role of neutrophil activity and FasL-induced neutrophil infiltration on tumor growth in colorectal cancer. sFas and sFasL could be a way to measure the balance of apoptotic and immunoescape effect after surgical resection of colon cancer.

If the number of neutrophils in peripheral blood mirrors the situation in the tumor tissue, these data could support the investigation of neutrophil-targeted therapies in anti-cancer strategy.

Inflammation-dependent angiogenesis seems to be a central force in tumor growth and expansion, a concept supported by the observation that the use of anti-inflammatory drugs, leads to angiogenesis inhibition. The mechanisms of inflammatory angiogenesis could provide new approaches to target, cure, or prevent tumor angiogenesis. Investigation of the physiologic regulation of IL-17 may thus be useful for the treatment in clinical settings characterized by persistent neovascularisation.

Inhibition of neutrophil elastase might not only reduce the inflammatory response, but could also prevent cancer cell progression. Anti-neutrophil elastase therapy after tumour resection might be an important strategic approach for managing postoperative complications and preventing cancer recurrence.

Patients will be allocated to laparoscopic or conventional open colorectal surgery after eligibility had been confirmed and informed consent given. Randomization will be performed by computer; sequencing was based on a list of variable block sizes for a single centre without further stratification. The randomization list and opaque envelopes will be generated by independent personnel not otherwise involved in the trial. Information on the operation will be remain in consecutively numbered and sealed envelopes that will be stored in a specific box at the clinical site. The envelope containing the allocation will be added to a patient's file shortly before he or she enter the operating theatre. The envelope will be then open and the surgeon will perform the assigned procedure. Until the day of discharge of participants, nurses and other medical staff will be blinded for the type of surgery performed in patients with colorectal cancer by applying a covering abdominal bandage.

During the trial, all blood samples will be retrieved and assessed by a cytologist and molecular biologist blinded to the study arms.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   20 Years to 80 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

All patients will be informed that additional blood and tissue samples will be taken during perioperative period for colon cancer research, and written consent will be obtained. Informed consent will be also obtained from each healthy volunteer.

Patients with the clinical diagnosis of colorectal cancer based on colonoscopy following histological confirmation will recruited. They should be suitable for elective surgical resection of the tumour along with lymph node dissection by right and left hemicolectomy, sigmoid colectomy, and anterior resection. Clinicopathologic characteristics of these patients will be investigated based on TNM classification of malignant tumours and modified Dukes classification Inclusion criteria; age between 18 and 80 years; colorectal cancer with single tumour locating at cecum, ascending colon, descending colon, sigmoid colon or recto sigmoid junction (distance from anal verge more than 15 cm); ASA I-III; and informed consent.

Exclusion criteria; patient refusal to participate in the prospective data collection; prior midline laparotomy; emergency surgery or urgent operation within 24 h after admission to the hospital; conversion to laparotomy; mechanic ileus; perforation or abscess with septic inflammatory response syndrome; planned stoma, low anterior resection or rectal extirpation; known immunological dysfunction (human immunodeficiency virus infection); presence of ongoing infection or infective chronic diseases; severe cardiovascular disease (New York Heart Association class higher than 3) or pulmonary insufficiency (severe pulmonary emphysema, interstitial pneumonitis, arterial PO2<79 mmHg); advanced liver disease (Child-Pugh class C); synchronous or metachronous (within five years) malignancy; pregnant or lactating women; continuous systemic steroid therapy; drug addiction; previous chemotherapy, radiotherapy or immune therapy.

  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00860691

Contacts
Contact: Igor Stipancic, MD, PhD, Professor +3851290 2517 igors@kbd.hr
Contact: Valentina Ratkajec, MD +3851290 3612 vratkajec@kbd.hr

Locations
Croatia
University Hospital "Dubrava" Recruiting
Zagreb, Croatia, 10 000
Contact: Igor Stipancic, MD, PhD, Professor    +3851290 2517    igors@kbd.hr   
Contact: Valentina Ratkajec, MD    +3851290 3612    vratkajec@kbd.hr   
Principal Investigator: Valentina Ratkajec, MD         
Sub-Investigator: Igor Stipancic, MD, PhD, Professor         
Sponsors and Collaborators
University Hospital Dubrava
Ministry of Science, Education and Sport, Republic of Croatia
Investigators
Study Chair: Igor Stipančić, MD, PhD, Profssor University Hospital Dubrava
Principal Investigator: Valentina Ratkajec, MD University Hospital Dubrava
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Professor Igor Stipancic, MD, PhD, University Hospital Dubrava
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00860691     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 198-0000000-3104
Study First Received: March 10, 2009
Last Updated: March 24, 2010
Health Authority: Croatia: Ministry of Science, Education and Sports

Keywords provided by University Hospital Dubrava:
Curative surgical resection
Laparoscopic technique

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Colonic Neoplasms
Colonic Diseases
Colorectal Neoplasms
Digestive System Diseases
Digestive System Neoplasms
Gastrointestinal Diseases
Gastrointestinal Neoplasms
Intestinal Diseases
Intestinal Neoplasms
Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on November 19, 2014