Alcohol Detoxification in Primary Care Treatment (ADEPT)
Once someone becomes dependent on alcohol (alcoholic), the risks of complications from alcohol withdrawal when they stop drinking grow. These can include a life−threatening fit or delirium tremens (see things, become frightened). To prevent such complications, people take medication such as benzodiazepines (e.g., valium or librium) in reducing doses for about a week; this is called detoxification or 'detox.' In the UK effective alcohol treatment exists but little is known about what is the best detox medication. Alternative drugs to benzodiazepines appear to protect the brain from the toxicity of alcohol withdrawal and to reduce the likelihood of drinking again. This study will examine the feasibility of comparing medication regimens for alcohol detox for the first time in primary care. It will include a standard detox regimen (librium over 8 days) alone and together with a drug, acamprosate, that has been shown to reduce toxicity of alcohol withdrawal in preclinical models and is used after detox to help people remain sober. It will focus on the practicalities of doing such a study as well as assessing how people feel (withdrawal symptoms) and do (drinking during first month).
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Alcohol Detoxification in Primary Care Treatment (ADEPT) - a Feasibility Study of Conducting a Randomised Trial in Primary Care Comparing Two Pharmacological Regimens.|
- Reduction in alcohol withdrawal symptoms [ Time Frame: up to 10 days ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- alcohol drinking [ Time Frame: within 4 weeks of end of detox ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
|Study Start Date:||November 2009|
|Study Completion Date:||November 2010|
|Primary Completion Date:||July 2010 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Aims and objectives:
To provide a framework for investigating the hypothesis that for those patients undergoing alcohol detox in primary care adding acamprosate to a reducing regimen of a benzodiazepine (chlordiazepoxide) provides better symptom control during detox compared with benzodiazepine alone. In addition we will assess improvement in sleep, drinking outcomes, completion rates and cognitive performance.
Specific primary aim:
This feasibility study aims to inform a full application for an RCT to compare the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of acamprosate as an adjunctive treatment for benzodiazepines for alcohol detox in primary care.
Key objectives are to:
- determine the optimal method of recruiting patients in primary care and estimate likely recruitment rate
- investigate feasibility of completion of and variation in our proposed primary outcome measure in the community - Clinical Institute of Withdrawal Scale-Alcohol (symptoms during detox), and secondary outcome measures - drinking during first month (via diary to derive % days abstinent), completion of detox, sleep and cognitive performance.
- investigate patient and GP acceptability of this randomised trial using qualitative measures.
|University of Bristol, Bristol PCT.|
|Bristol, United Kingdom, BS6 6JL|
|Principal Investigator:||Anne Lingford-Hughes||University of Bristol|