Rituximab as a Novel Therapy in Refractory Sarcoidosis: A Prospective Open-Label Trial of Rituximab in Progressive Sarcoidosis (RIPS)
This study is ongoing, but not recruiting participants.
University of Chicago
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Robert P Baughman, University of Cincinnati
First received: March 3, 2009
Last updated: November 2, 2011
Last verified: November 2011
Sarcoidosis is a inflammatory disease affecting many parts of the body, especially the lungs. While most patients do well, there is a group of patients who require continuous doses of prednisone or other drugs. The current study will determine the role of Rituximab as new agent for patients with refractory disease.
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
||Rituximab for Progressive Sarcoidosis
Primary Outcome Measures:
- Adverse events by week 24 and by week 52 that are considered by the investigator to be reasonably or probably related to Rituximab. [ Time Frame: 1 year ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
- Change from baseline in 6-minute walk distance at Week 24 and 52. [ Time Frame: 1 year ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
Secondary Outcome Measures:
- Change in Borg's CR10 dyspnea score before 6 minute walk at weeks 12, 24, and 52 [ Time Frame: 1 year ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- Change in FVC and percent of predicted FVC at weeks 24 and 52 [ Time Frame: 1 year ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- To assess the effect of rituximab on B cell function as measured by markers of these cells in peripheral blood: CD19, CD27, IgD, and CD38 at baseline and weeks 24 and 52 and BAFF and IL-12p40 at baseline and weeks 12, 24, 36 and 52 [ Time Frame: 1 Year ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
| Estimated Enrollment:
| Study Start Date:
| Estimated Study Completion Date:
| Estimated Primary Completion Date:
||December 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Treatment with rituximab
Rituximab will be administered by IV infusion at a dose of 1000 mg (1 g) on day 1 and 15
Patients with refractory pulmonary sarcoidosis will be eligible for participation in this open label trial of Rituximab as additional therapy. The study will evaluate the efficacy of rituximab in improving the symptoms and functional capacity in patients with chronic sarcoidosis with pulmonary involvement who are symptomatic despite current treatment.
|Ages Eligible for Study:
||18 Years and older
|Genders Eligible for Study:
|Accepts Healthy Volunteers:
- Men and women > 18 years of age.
- Sarcoidosis diagnosed at least 1 year prior to screening.
- Histological proven sarcoidosis prior to screening.
- Have a diagnosis of severe sarcoidosis with evidence of parenchymal disease on chest radiograph (Stage III) or abnormal PFT, with histologic and there should be an evidence of sarcoid (involvement by biopsy ( pulmonary or extrapulmonary)) . Subjects with concurrent extrapulmonary sarcoidosis particularly skin and eye involvement are encouraged to be enrolled. Patients with neurologic sarcoidosis will be excluded.
- Have FVC > 40 and < 80% of predicted.
- Have an ATS dyspnea score of > Grade 1.
- Have been receiving pre-study treatment that includes at least 10 mg/day of prednisone or equivalent dose of corticosteroids as a single agent, and/or methotrexate, or hydroxychloroquine for at least the 3-month period prior to screening. Subjects must be on a stable dose of these meds for > 4 weeks before starting the study medication.
- Adequate birth control measures (e.g. abstinence, oral contraceptives, intrauterine device, barrier method with spermicide, or surgical sterilization) must be used for the duration of the study and should continue such precautions for 6 12 months after receiving the last study infusion.
- Are considered eligible based on TB screening.
- Are capable of reading and understanding subject assessment forms and providing written informed consent.
- Are willing and able to adhere to the study visit schedule and other protocol-specified procedures.
Laboratory Exclusion Criteria
- Hemoglobin: < 8.5 gm/dL
- Platelets: < 100,000/mm
- Serum Creatinine: > 1.4
- Neutrophils: < 1.5 x mm3
- IgG: < 5.6 mg/dl and IgM: < .55 mg/dl
- AST or ALT >2.5 x Upper Limit of Normal unless related to primary disease.
- Positive Hepatitis B or C serology (Hep B surface antigen and Hep C antibody)
General Safety Exclusion Criteria
- Previous Treatment with Rituximab (MabThera® / Rituxan®)
- Previous administration of a treatment with any other therapeutic agent targeted at depleting B cells within 12 months prior to screening.
- Treatment with any investigational agent within 4 weeks of screening or 5 half-lives of the investigational drug (whichever is longer)
- Current treatment with TNF inhibitors, cyclosporine, tacrolimus or leflunomide.
- Treatment with TNF inhibitors within (8 weeks prior to screening), cyclosporine or tacrolimus ( 4 weeks prior to screening) or leflunomide ( 8 weeks prior to screening, or 25 days after cholestyramine washout).
- Previous treatment within 6 months with IVIg.
- Parenteral corticosteroids within 4 weeks prior to screening visit.
- Receipt of live virus or bacterial vaccinations within the 4 weeks before the first dose of the study agent or are expected to receive any live virus or bacterial vaccinations during the trial or up to 3 months after the last dose of the study agent
- History of severe allergic or anaphylactic reactions associated with the administration of humanized or murine monoclonal antibodies
- History of New York Heart Association (NYHA) Class III or IV congestive heart failure(CHF)
- History of severe right-sided heart failure or cor pulmonale
- Known active bacterial, viral, fungal mycobacterial, or other infection (including tuberculosis or atypical mycobacterial disease, but excluding fungal infections of nail beds) or any major episode of infection requiring hospitalization or treatment with i.v. antibiotics within 2 months of screening or oral antibiotics within 2 weeks prior to screening
- History of recurrent significant infection or history of recurrent bacterial infections
- History of opportunistic infection (e.g., herpes zoster [shingles], cytomegalovirus, Pneumocystis carinii, aspergillosis and aspergilloma, histoplasmosis, or mycobacteria other than TB) within 6 months prior to screening
- History of known infection with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
- Considered ineligible according to the USA-specific TB screening
- Pregnancy (a negative serum pregnancy test should be performed for all women of childbearing potential within 7 days of treatment) or lactation
- Current signs and symptoms of systemic lupus erythematosus, or severe, progressive, or uncontrolled renal, hepatic, hematologic, endocrine, pulmonary, cardiac, neurologic, or cerebral diseases (with the exception of sarcoidosis).
- Have normal pulmonary function
- Have any clinical evidence of intracranial lesions.
- Have an abnormal neurological examination during baseline assessment
- Have neurosarcoidosis
- Have a known history of demyelinating disease such as multiple sclerosis or optic neuritis.
- Concomitant malignancies or previous malignancies, with the exception of adequately treated basal or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin or carcinoma in situ of the cervix.
- Have poor tolerability of intravenous infusion or lack of adequate venous access for required blood sampling.
- History of transplanted organ (with the exception of a corneal transplant > 3 months prior to screening.
- History of substance abuse or dependency, drug or alcohol within 3 years of screening
- History of primary or secondary immunodeficiency
- History of psychiatric disorder that would interfere with normal participation in this protocol
- Any other disease, metabolic dysfunction, physical examination finding, or clinical laboratory finding giving reasonable suspicion of a disease or condition that contraindicates the use of an investigational drug or that may affect the interpretation of the results or render the patient at high risk from treatment complications.
Inability to comply with study and follow-up procedures
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00855205
|University of Cincinnati
|Cincinnati, Ohio, United States, 45267 |
University of Cincinnati
University of Chicago
||Robert P Baughman, MD
||University of Cincinnati
No publications provided
||Robert P Baughman, Professor of Medicine, University of Cincinnati
History of Changes
|Other Study ID Numbers:
|Study First Received:
||March 3, 2009
||November 2, 2011
||United States: Food and Drug Administration
Keywords provided by University of Cincinnati:
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on May 23, 2013
Physiological Effects of Drugs