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Nonmyeloablative Allo Stem Cell Transplant for Severe Autoimmune Diseases

This study is currently recruiting participants. (see Contacts and Locations)
Verified May 2014 by Duke University
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Duke University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00849745
First received: February 22, 2009
Last updated: June 3, 2014
Last verified: May 2014
  Purpose

Autoimmune diseases present a special challenge to clinicians and the aim of this protocol is to serve as a last-line effort for patients with unmanageable disease. The primary purpose of this study is to assess feasibility in terms of toxicity and engraftment of a less toxic, nonablative conditioning regimen of Campath-1H, moderate dose fludarabine, and cyclophosphamide for patients with severe autoimmune diseases.


Condition Intervention Phase
Systemic Lupus Erythematosus
Systemic Sclerosis
Procedure: Nonmyeloablative allogeneic stem cell transplant
Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Non-Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Nonmyeloablative Allogeneic Peripheral Blood Stem Cell Transplantation for Severe Autoimmune Diseases

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Duke University:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Engraftment and toxicity [ Time Frame: 24 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Disease Response Rate/Survival [ Time Frame: 24 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Immune Function Post-engraftment [ Time Frame: 24 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

Estimated Enrollment: 20
Study Start Date: January 2003
Estimated Study Completion Date: January 2020
Estimated Primary Completion Date: January 2018 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Systemic Lupus Erythematosus

Nonmyeloablative allogeneic stem cell transplant

Patients must:

  • Satisfy the American College of Rheumatology (ACR) criteria for the diagnosis of SLE
  • Have Lupus nephritis, refractory and severe seizures or encephalopathy, severe pulmonary involvement, transfusion-dependent cytopenias, catastrophic antiphospholipid syndrome or vasculitis and/or immune complex deposition causing end-organ signs or symptoms.
  • Have received a trial of corticosteroids equivalent to prednisone greater than or equal to 0.5 mg/kg/d for at least one month
  • Have received a trial of IV cyclophosphamide pulse greater than 500 mg/square meter at least once within the previous 6 months, unless contraindicated because of severe cytopenias or intolerance.
Procedure: Nonmyeloablative allogeneic stem cell transplant
Prior to receiving Campath-1H, patients will be premedicated with Benadryl 50 mg IV or PO, and acetaminophen 650 mg orally. Hydrocortisone 100 mg IV is given on the first day of Campath. The preparative regimen will begin on day -5 and consist of 4 days of daily fludarabine at 30 mg/m2/d infused over 30 minutes, cyclophosphamide 500 mg/m2/d infused over 1 hour, 5 days of Campath-1H at 20 mg/d in 250 ml of D5 normal saline or normal saline infused over 3 hours. The mixed dosage of chemotherapy may be rounded off to within +/- 5% of the calculated dose, and doses of fludarabine and cyclophosphamide will be based on adjusted ideal body weight. IV hydration and diuretics will be used to maintain adequate urine output during and after administration of cyclophosphamide.
Other Name: Campath-1H
Experimental: Systemic Sclerosis

Nonmyeloablative allogeneic stem cell transplant

Patients must:

  • Have diagnosis of SSc as defined by American College of Rheumatology and at high-risk for fatal outcome.
  • Have (1) both a and b below and (2) at least one of c, d, or e.
  • Diffuse cutaneous scleroderma with skin score of >= 16
  • Duration of systemic sclerosis <= 3 years from the onset of first non-Raynaud's symptom.
  • Presence of interstitial or pulmonary vascular lung involvement (FVC or DLCO <70% of predicted) especially with evidence of alveolitis (abnormal bronchoalveolar lavage or high-resolution chest CT scan).
  • Presence of myocardial disease
  • History or presence of proteinuria > 500 mg/24 hrs or serum creatinine > the upper limit of normal.
Procedure: Nonmyeloablative allogeneic stem cell transplant
Prior to receiving Campath-1H, patients will be premedicated with Benadryl 50 mg IV or PO, and acetaminophen 650 mg orally. Hydrocortisone 100 mg IV is given on the first day of Campath. The preparative regimen will begin on day -5 and consist of 4 days of daily fludarabine at 30 mg/m2/d infused over 30 minutes, cyclophosphamide 500 mg/m2/d infused over 1 hour, 5 days of Campath-1H at 20 mg/d in 250 ml of D5 normal saline or normal saline infused over 3 hours. The mixed dosage of chemotherapy may be rounded off to within +/- 5% of the calculated dose, and doses of fludarabine and cyclophosphamide will be based on adjusted ideal body weight. IV hydration and diuretics will be used to maintain adequate urine output during and after administration of cyclophosphamide.
Other Name: Campath-1H

Detailed Description:

Our targeted illnesses are:

  • Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE): SLE can involve virtually any organ system, but most commonly involves various combinations of arthritis, dermatitis, glomerulonephritis, central nervous system manifestations and hematologic complications. Although the overall five and ten-year survival rates in SLE are 86% and 80%, respectively, these rates are reduced to 60% and 50%, respectively, in patients with poor prognosis SLE (proliferative glomerulonephritis with chronic changes, elevated serum creatinine, nephrotic syndrome, anemia, low serum C3, inadequate response to treatment).
  • Systemic sclerosis (SSc): SSc is a condition divided into two forms (diffuse and limited) characterized by excessive and often relentless fibrosis in skin and internal organs. Visceral involvement can manifest as esophageal hypomotility, interstitial lung disease, pulmonary hypertension and renal failure. There is no satisfactory treatment for systemic sclerosis (SSc), which in its diffuse form has a 5-year mortality of 40%, similar to many malignancies. In clinical trials, alpha-interferon did not demonstrate a clinically significant effect and low dose methotrexate showed conflicting results.
  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 69 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Patient Inclusion Criteria:

  • Performance status must be CALGB PS 0, 1, or 2 (or Karnofsky 40-100%)
  • Patients must have a 6/6 HLA-matched related donor who is evaluated and deemed able to provide PBSCs and/or marrow by the transplant team.
  • Patients must meet the following laboratory parameters (unless due to disease status as determined by the treating physician):

    • Hepatitis A, B and C status will be tested prior to therapy, but results will not exclude patients from participation (if positive, patients will be told they are at higher risk of adverse effects from allogeneic transplantation).
    • Bilirubin less than 6 times the upper limit of normal
    • Liver transaminases (AST, ALT) and alkaline phosphatase less than 10 times the upper limit of normal (unless due to active myositis)
    • Patients with a creatinine greater than 2.5 times the upper limit of normal are eligible, but will be told that they are at greater risk for kidney damage that could possibly result in temporary or even permanent dialysis.
  • Patients of childbearing potential must agree to use some form of adequate birth control during the periods they receive chemotherapy and any post-chemotherapy medications related to the transplant. Females of child bearing potential must have a negative serum B-HCG within 1 week of starting therapy.
  • Patients between the ages of 18 and 69, inclusive are eligible for this trial.
  • Patients must also have a resting MUGA (preferred) or ECHO and PFTs with DLCO performed before transplant and found to be acceptable according to the treating institution's guidelines. Recommended minimum standards include an EF greater than 35% and corrected DLCO greater than 35% for this less toxic regimen. If lower than this, single patient exemption may be sought.
  • Patients must have both a disease-specialist (rheumatologist/immunologist, or neurologist) physician and a bone marrow transplant physician evaluation at the treating center before a patient is considered eligible. Both specialists must agree that the patient is a candidate for transplantation and patients with SLE must have failed standard therapies.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Pregnant or lactating women
  • Active uncontrolled infection
  • Patients who are serologically true-positive for HIV
  • Patients with other major medical or psychiatric illnesses, which the treating physician feels, could seriously compromise tolerance to this protocol
  • Uncontrolled hypertension (BP > 100 diastolic despite treatment with maximum doses of at least 3 simultaneous or concurrent antihypertensives over a 2-month period)
  • Uncontrolled malignant arrythmias or clinical evidence of congestive heart failure (New York Class IV)

6/6 HLA-Matched Related PBSC Donor Inclusion/Exclusion Criteria:

  • Adult donors must be capable of providing informed consent; Potential donors under the age of 18 must have a 'single patient exemption' approved by the IRB and the donor and a guardian must provide assent.
  • Donor must be 6/6 HLA matched, and related to the patient.
  • Donor must not have any medical condition which would make apheresis and G-CSF administration more than a minimal risk, and should have the following:

    1. Adequate cardiac function by history and physical examination. Those with a history of cardiac problems should undergo a stress evaluation or be evaluated by a cardiologist and deemed eligible to donate.
    2. bilirubin and hepatic transaminases < or equal to 2.5 x ULN,
    3. adequate hematologic parameters including a hematocrit > 35% for males and 33% for females, white blood cell count of > or equal to 3,000, and platelets > or equal to 80,000.
    4. Donors with a known allergy to E. coli-derived products are ineligible for mobilization with G-CSF.
  • Females of childbearing potential should have a negative serum beta-HCG test within 1 week of beginning G-CSF.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00849745

Contacts
Contact: Keith Sullivan, MD (919) 681-9508 sulli025@mc.duke.edu

Locations
United States, North Carolina
Duke University Health System Recruiting
Durham, North Carolina, United States, 27705
Contact: Keith Sullivan, MD    919-681-9508    sulli025@mc.duke.edu   
Contact: Nelson Chao, MD    919-668-1011    chao0002@mc.duke.edu   
Principal Investigator: Keith Sullivan, MD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Duke University
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Keith Sullivan, MD Duke University
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Duke University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00849745     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: Pro00010324
Study First Received: February 22, 2009
Last Updated: June 3, 2014
Health Authority: United States: Institutional Review Board

Keywords provided by Duke University:
severe autoimmune diseases
allogeneic stem cell transplant

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Autoimmune Diseases
Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic
Scleroderma, Diffuse
Scleroderma, Systemic
Connective Tissue Diseases
Immune System Diseases
Skin Diseases
Cyclophosphamide
Alkylating Agents
Antineoplastic Agents
Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating
Antirheumatic Agents
Immunologic Factors
Immunosuppressive Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Myeloablative Agonists
Pharmacologic Actions
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Therapeutic Uses

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on November 20, 2014