Safety and Feasibility of Algisyl-LVR™ as a Method of Left Ventricular Restoration in Patients With DCM Undergoing Open-heart Surgery

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
LoneStar Heart, Inc.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00847964
First received: February 17, 2009
Last updated: November 29, 2012
Last verified: November 2012
  Purpose

This is a pilot study to evaluate the feasibility and safety of the Algisyl-LVR™ device. The purpose of this study is to investigate Algisyl-LVR™ employed as a method of left ventricular restoration in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy who are scheduled to undergo routine open heart surgery. Algisyl-LVR™ will be injected into the myocardium under direct visualization during the surgical procedure. This clinical evaluation is intended to provide the initial evidence of the safety and feasibility of the device as well as the procedure used to deploy the device. The results of the initial trial will also help to establish the utility of various assessments in evaluating and following the effects of the device.


Condition Intervention Phase
Dilated Cardiomyopathy
Device: Algisyl-LVR
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Endpoint Classification: Safety Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: SYM-08-001: A Pilot Study to Evaluate the Safety and Feasibility of Algisyl-LVR™ as a Method of Left Ventricular Restoration in Patients With Dilated Cardiomyopathy Undergoing Open-heart Surgery

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by LoneStar Heart, Inc.:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Freedom from serious adverse events [ Time Frame: 6 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

Enrollment: 11
Study Start Date: February 2009
Study Completion Date: November 2012
Primary Completion Date: November 2011 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Algisyl-LVR implants
Algisyl-LVR implants to the left ventricular wall
Device: Algisyl-LVR
method of left ventricular restoration in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy

Detailed Description:

Heart Failure (HF) is a progressive condition that has diverse etiologies with only 50 percent of patients presenting at diagnosis with a defined reason for developing the disease. However, estimates are that over half of all patients presenting with HF have coronary artery disease (CAD) as the primary etiology. The most common etiologies among HF patients without CAD have been reported to be systemic hypertension and valvular disease. Irrespective of the etiology, the majority of patients with HF have symptoms due to an impairment of left ventricular (LV) myocardial function. HF is a progressive condition that results from myocardial damage. This damage can be caused by predisposing conditions or an acute event that leads to cardiac remodeling. The principal manifestation of such progression and cardiac remodeling is a change in the geometry and structure of the left ventricle (LV), such that the chamber dilates and/or hypertrophies and becomes more spherical. The cardiac remodeling is maladaptive and its progression leads to worsening of the clinical symptoms of HF, characterized by limited exercise tolerance and edema. Despite optimal medical management, HF is progressive in nature and patients have a mortality rate of over 50 percent in 5 years.

Structural heart abnormalities are known to play a central role in HF, and clinical evidence supports a strong causal relationship between cardiac chamber dilation and heart failure. Because dilation, and not contractile dysfunction, appears to be responsible for the severity of the disease, the mitigation or prevention of the deleterious dilation process appears to be an important therapeutic target for HF patients. Hence, a therapy that specifically targets progressive LV dilatation and remodeling by reshaping and reducing the LV chamber size may offer an important new alternative in the treatment of HF.

Algisyl-LVR™ is a single use, multiple component device under development for the indication to prevent or reverse the progression of heart failure (HF) by providing implanted space-occupying material in the myocardium to affect LV shape and prevent or reverse LV enlargement. The intended clinical benefits of Algisyl-LVR™ are to improve the failing heart's structure and function with an associated improvement in the patient's clinical status and quality of life. Data from this current study will be used to evaluate the initial feasibility of this novel therapeutic device.

The objective of this pilot study is to evaluate the feasibility and safety of the Algisyl-LVR™ device. No formal hypothesis testing will be performed. Descriptive statistics will be used to summarize operator (surgeon) experience and patient outcomes. The results of the study will be used to assess the design of the device and feasibility of the procedures to use the device. The study will also guide the design and sample size of future studies.

This study will be conducted at a several centers in Europe. The surgeon's experience with the use of the device will be collected and evaluated. Measures of safety and tolerability of Algisyl-LVR™ will be evaluated through analysis of adverse experiences, clinical laboratory tests, electrocardiograms, physical examinations, echocardiographic measures and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Measurements at specified time intervals will be compared to baseline values obtained prior to treatment.

Patients will be evaluated prior to the procedure, during the immediate post operative period, and then, return to the clinic at 8 days, 3 months, 6 months, 12 months, 18 months and 24 months after the procedure for follow-up evaluations.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 75 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria

  1. The patients must be able and willing to give written informed consent.
  2. The patients will be adult (age ≥ 18 years and </= 75 years) males or females who are scheduled to undergo open-chest coronary artery bypass grafting surgery and/or valve repair/replacement.
  3. The patients must be on stable, evidence-based therapy for heart failure.
  4. The patients will have an ejection fraction equal to or less than 40% and a left ventricular end diastolic dimension indexed to body surface area (LVEDDi) of 30 to 40mm/m2 (LVEDD/BSA).
  5. Patients must have symptomatic heart failure with a New York Heart Association (NYHA) class of III or IV
  6. If female, the patients must be (a) post-menopausal, (b) surgically sterile, or (c) using adequate birth control and have a negative serum pregnancy test within 7 days prior to administration of study device.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Emergent open heart surgery or cardiogenic shock.
  2. Right-sided heart failure.
  3. Patients scheduled to undergo pulmonic or tricuspid valve replacements.
  4. Patients who have undergone a previous mid-sternotomy or thoracotomy surgical procedure
  5. Patients presenting with a restrictive cardiomyopathy such as due to amyloidosis, sarcoidosis, or hemochromatosis.
  6. Patient with a history of constrictive pericarditis.
  7. Patients with a Q wave myocardial infarction (MI) within the last 30 days.
  8. Patients with a recent history of stroke (within 60 days prior to the surgical procedure)
  9. A left ventricular (LV) wall thickness of the LV free-wall, at the mid-ventricular level, of less than 6 mm.
  10. Patients with a serum creatinine > 2.0 mg/dL..
  11. Clinically significant liver enzyme abnormalities, i.e., AST or ALT more than two times the upper limit of normal and/or bilirubin more than 50% above the upper limit of normal.
  12. The patients will not be receiving concurrently an investigational Product in another clinical trial or have received an investigational Product in another clinical trial in the 30 days prior to enrollment.
  13. A life expectancy of less than 1 year or any other condition that, in the opinion of the clinical investigator, might compromise any aspect of the trial.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00847964

Locations
Germany
Deutsche Herzzentrum München
München, Bavaria, Germany, 80636
Heart Center of the Technical University of Dresden
Dresden, Germany
Poland
John Paul II Hospital
Cracow, Poland, 31-202
Sponsors and Collaborators
LoneStar Heart, Inc.
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Klaus Matschke, MD Heart Center Dresden University Hospital
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: LoneStar Heart, Inc.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00847964     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: SYM-08-001
Study First Received: February 17, 2009
Last Updated: November 29, 2012
Health Authority: Germany: Federal Institute for Drugs and Medical Devices

Keywords provided by LoneStar Heart, Inc.:
Heart Failure

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Cardiomyopathy, Dilated
Cardiomyopathies
Cardiomegaly
Heart Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on August 01, 2014