The Effects of Exenatide on Post-Meal Sugar Peaks and Vascular Health in Obese/Pre-Diabetic Young Adults
The primary aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of exenatide on daily glycemic excursions obtained by continuous glucose monitoring system (CGMS). The CGMS summary parameters that we are most interested in include:
- The percent of glucose values above 140 mg/dl and/or AUC of glucose values above 140 mg/dl
- AUC of glucose values over 100 mg/dl during three days
- Maximal meal-related glucose excursions
- Three-day mean glucose (including low readings - below 100 mg/dl)
Secondary Study Endpoints:
Secondary endpoints will include:
- glucose tolerance status as assessed by OGTT
- Vascular function scores as assessed by PAT, FMD and step test.
- Biochemical markers of vascular health, including inflammatory markers, markers of oxidative stress and microalbuminuria.
- Changes in BMI
Impaired Glucose Tolerance
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||The Effects of Exenatide on Post-Prandial Glucose Excursions and Vascular Health in Obese/Pre-Diabetic Young Adults|
- Whether treatment with exenatide attenuates post-prandial glycemic excursions as assessed by oral glucose tolerance testing (OGTT) and continuous monitoring system (CGMS) technology. [ Time Frame: OGTT (Pre- and post-intervention), CGMS (Pre-intervention, 2-months and post-intervention) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- Cardiovascular risk parameters will be assessed via flow mediated vasodilation, peripheral arterial tonometry, a self-paced step test and biochemical markers of vascular health. [ Time Frame: Pre- (baseline) and post- (4-months) intervention ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- Change in body mass index (BMI). [ Time Frame: Pre-intervention, 2-month and post-intervention. ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
|Study Start Date:||August 2008|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date:||March 2010 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Subjects randomized to treatment will receive a four month supply of exenatide.
Subjects randomized to treatment will receive a four month supply of exenatide and will be taught how to administer subcutaneous injections with their exenatide pen and instructed on the following dosing schedule: exenatide - 5 μg twice a day for 7 days, followed by exenatide 10 μg twice a day for the remainder of the four month supply.
Other Name: Byetta
|No Intervention: No Treatment|
Obese insulin resistant adolescents with impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) or evidence of glucose excursions ≥ 140 mg/dl on CGMS will be enrolled in a two armed randomized, parallel group - open label study. There will also be a lean control group for baseline assessments only.
One arm will be exenatide the other arm will be no drug. Subjects will be stratified according to state of glucose tolerance. Stratification will also occur according to gender and family history of premature cardiovascular disease.
Obese adolescents age 16-25 years with a family history of type 2 diabetes, whom have completed or reached tanner IV stage of pubertal development and have normal or impaired oral glucose tolerance. Obese adolescents age 13-15 with a family history of type 2 diabetes, whom have completed or reached tanner III stage of pubertal development and have impaired oral glucose tolerance with a 2-hour glucose of 180-199 mg/dl will also be invited to participate. For cardiovascular assessment only age matched lean control subjects without diabetes will be recruited.
Obese subjects will have a baseline and post intervention oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT), screening labs (liver/kidney functions, lipid profile, thyroid function tests, CBC, metabolic and cardiovascular laboratory parameters -- such as inflammatory cytokines and pro-thrombotic factors), wear a CGMS for 3-days on 3 separate occasions (baseline, 2-month and 4-month), have a standardized snack once during each CGMS session, collect urine samples for microalbumin and have vascular tests (PAT, FMD and exercise step test) done at baseline and post intervention.
Subjects randomized to treatment will undergo a four month intervention with exenatide on the following dosing schedule: exenatide - 5 μg twice a day for 7 days, followed by exenatide 10 μg twice a day for the remainder of the four month intervention.
Lean Control Subjects:
As for obese subjects, lean subjects will be asked to bring in first morning voids for testing of microalbuminuria. They will also have endothelial function tests (PAT, FMD and step test) as well as CGMS placement. A set of screening labs will also be drawn (fasting glucose, insulin, thyroid function and lipid profile will be drawn). Furthermore blood will be collected for analysis of novel cardiovascular parameters (such as inflammatory cytokines and pro-thrombotic factors). However lean subjects will not have an OGTT done and will not be offered drug intervention. The endothelial function testing in the lean controls will serve as control data for the vascular function testing in the obese children. The CGMS data of the lean controls will allow us to better interpret changes in the post-meal excursions seen in obese children after exenatide intervention. Similar to obese subjects, lean subjects will be instructed to take a standardized snack in the afternoon prior to returning for CGMS removal. The snack will be provided for them to take home at the end of their CGMS placement visit and will include two pop-tarts and an orange soda. Lean control subjects will wear the CGMS for three days. At the end of the monitoring period the subject will return for their CGMS removal visit.