Boceprevir in Combination With Peginterferon Alfa-2a and Ribavirin in Participants With Chronic Hepatitis C Genotype 1 Who Failed Prior Treatment With Peginterferon/Ribavirin (Study P05685AM2)(COMPLETED)

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00845065
First received: February 13, 2009
Last updated: April 29, 2014
Last verified: April 2014
  Purpose

Based on previous experience with peginterferon alfa-2b/ribavirin in combination with boceprevir, the combination with peginterferon alfa-

2a/ribavirin and boceprevir is expected to be safe and well tolerated. Given the wide utilization of both peginterferons and the clear benefit of the

addition of boceprevir to peginterferon alfa-2b/ribavirin, it is important to demonstrate the safety and efficacy of boceprevir in combination with

peginterferon alfa-2a/ribavirin.


Condition Intervention Phase
Hepatitis C, Chronic
Drug: Boceprevir
Other: Placebo
Biological: Peginterferon alfa-2a
Drug: Ribavirin
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase 3 Safety and Efficacy Study of Boceprevir in Combination With Peginterferon Alfa-2a and Ribavirin in Subjects With Chronic Hepatitis C Genotype 1 Who Failed Prior Treatment With Peginterferon/Ribavirin

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Sustained Virologic Response (SVR) Rate in Full Analysis Set (FAS) Population. [ Time Frame: Follow-up Week 24 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    SVR rate was the percentage of participants treated with at least one dose of study medication (PEG2a, Ribavirin, or Boceprevir/Placebo) who had achieved SVR. SVR was defined as undetectable Hepatitis C Virus-Ribonucleic Acid (HCV RNA).


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • SVR Rate in the Modified Intent-to-Treat (mITT) Population [ Time Frame: Follow-up Week 24 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    SVR rate was the percentage of participants treated with at least one dose of study medication (Boceprevir/PEG2a/Ribavirin or PEG2a/Ribavirin). Participants who discontinued study drugs during the 4-week PEG2a/Ribavirin lead-in period were not included in the mITT population.

  • Percentage of Participants With Early Virologic Response (EVR) Who Achieved SVR [ Time Frame: Day 1 to Treatment Week 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    EVR was defined as the time to the first undectectable HCV-RNA result at Treatment Week (TW) 2, 4, 8, or 12. Participants with a detectable, but not quantifiable HCV-RNA result at TW 12 may have undergone retesting. Participants with a detectable result on retesting were to be discontinued per the 12-week futility rule. Participants with an undetectable result on retesting were allowed to continue on treatment, and the detectable but not quantifiable result was to be considered a false positive.

  • Number of Participants With Undetectable HCV-RNA at Follow-up Week 12 [ Time Frame: Follow-up Week 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Mean Log Change From Baseline to TW 4 in Viral Load by Visit [ Time Frame: From Baseline to TW 4 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    HCV-RNA levels were quantified using the Roche Cobas Taqman 1.0 assay; lower limit of detection of 15 international units [IU]/mL. Changes in HCV-RNA IU/ml were expressed on a log10 scale.


Enrollment: 202
Study Start Date: February 2009
Study Completion Date: October 2010
Primary Completion Date: October 2010 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Placebo Comparator: Arm 1 (Control Arm)
Peginterferon alfa-2a (180 μg/week subcutaneously [SC]) plus ribavirin (1000 to 1200 mg/day orally [PO]) for 4 weeks followed by placebo (800 mg three times a day [TID] PO, using placebo matching SCH 503034 200-mg capsules) + peginterferon alfa-2a 180 μg/week SC plus ribavirin 1000 to 1200 mg/day PO divided twice daily (BID) for 48 weeks with 24 weeks post-treatment follow-up.
Other: Placebo
800 mg, using placebo matching SCH 503034 200-mg capsules, three times a day (TID) orally (PO) for 48 weeks
Biological: Peginterferon alfa-2a
Peginterferon alfa-2a, pre-filled syringes, given 180 μg/week subcutaneously (SC) for 48 weeks
Other Name: Pegasys®
Drug: Ribavirin

Ribavirin 200-mg capsules, weight-based dosing

  • <75 kg, 1000 mg/day orally (PO), divided twice daily (BID)
  • >=75 kg, 1200 mg/day PO, divided BID

for 48 weeks

Other Name: SCH 18908
Experimental: Arm 2 (Boceprevir Arm)

Peginterferon alfa-2a (180 μg/week subcutaneously [SC]) plus ribavirin (1000 to 1200 mg/day orally [PO]) for 4 weeks followed by boceprevir (800 mg three times a day [TID] PO, using SCH 503034 200-mg capsules) + peginterferon alfa-2a 180 μg/week SC plus ribavirin 1000 to 1200 mg/day PO divided twice daily (BID) for 48 weeks

with 24 weeks post-treatment follow-up.

Drug: Boceprevir
800 mg, using SCH 503034 200-mg capsules, three times a day (TID) orally (PO) for 48 weeks
Other Name: SCH 503034
Biological: Peginterferon alfa-2a
Peginterferon alfa-2a, pre-filled syringes, given 180 μg/week subcutaneously (SC) for 48 weeks
Other Name: Pegasys®
Drug: Ribavirin

Ribavirin 200-mg capsules, weight-based dosing

  • <75 kg, 1000 mg/day orally (PO), divided twice daily (BID)
  • >=75 kg, 1200 mg/day PO, divided BID

for 48 weeks

Other Name: SCH 18908

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Subjects must have a qualifying regimen defined as peginterferon alfa-2a/ribavirin or peginterferon alfa-2b/ribavirin for a minimum of 12 weeks.
  • During the qualifying regimen, subjects must have either:

    • A documented undetectable Hepatitis C Virus-Ribonucleic Acid (HCV-RNA) within 30 days of the end-of-treatment and a subsequent detectable HCV-RNA during follow-up OR
    • A documented decline in HCV-RNA by >=2 log10 after 12 weeks of treatment.
  • Subject must have previously documented chronic hepatitis C genotype 1 infection.
  • Subject must have a liver biopsy with histology consistent with chronic hepatitis C infection and no other etiology.
  • Subjects with bridging fibrosis or cirrhosis must have an ultrasound within 6 months with no findings suspicious for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).
  • Subject must be >=18 years of age.
  • Subject must weigh between 40 kg and 125 kg.
  • Subject and subject's partner(s) must each agree to use acceptable methods of contraception.
  • Subjects must be willing to give written informed consent.

Exclusion Criteria:

Subject will be excluded from entry if ANY of the criteria listed below are

met:

  • Subjects known to be coinfected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or hepatitis B virus (hepatitis B surface antigen [HBsAg] positive) and/or demonstrating signs and symptoms consistent with co-infection.
  • Subjects who required discontinuation of previous interferon or ribavirin regimen for an adverse event considered by the investigator to be possibly or probably related to ribavirin and/or interferon.
  • Treatment with ribavirin within 90 days and any interferon alfa within 1 month of Screening.
  • Treatment for hepatitis C with any investigational medication. Prior treatment with herbal remedies with known hepatotoxicity is exclusionary.
  • Treatment with any investigational drug within 30 days of the randomization visit in this study.
  • Participation in any other clinical trial within 30 days of randomization or intention to participate in another clinical trial during participation in this study.
  • Evidence of decompensated liver disease.
  • Diabetic and/or hypertensive subjects with clinically significant ocular examination findings.
  • Pre-existing psychiatric condition(s).
  • Clinical diagnosis of substance abuse.
  • Any known pre-existing medical condition that could interfere with the subject's participation in and completion of the study.
  • Evidence of active or suspected malignancy, or a history of malignancy, within the last 5 years (except adequately treated carcinoma in situ and basal cell carcinoma of the skin).
  • Subjects who are pregnant or nursing. Subjects who intend to become pregnant during the study period. Male subjects with partners who are or who intend to become pregnant during the study period.
  • Any other condition which, in the opinion of a physician, would make the subject unsuitable for enrollment or could interfere with the subject participating in and completing the study.
  • Subjects who are part of the site personnel directly involved with this study.
  • Subjects who are family members of the investigational study staff.
  • Subjects who had a life-threatening serious adverse event (SAE) during the screening period.
  • Subjects with a history of pancreatitis, except for one episode clearly secondary to gallstone.

Laboratory Exclusion Criteria:

  • Hematologic, biochemical, and serologic criteria (growth factors may not be used to achieve study entry requirements):

    • Hemoglobin (Hgb) <12 g/dL for females and <13 g/dL for males
    • Neutrophils <1500/mm3 (blacks: <1200/mm3)
    • Platelets <100,000/mm3
    • Direct bilirubin >1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) of the laboratory reference range. Total bilirubin >1.6 mg/dL unless the subject has a history of Gilbert's disease. If Gilbert's disease is the proposed etiology, this must be documented in the subject's chart.
  • Serum albumin < lower limit of normal (LLN) of laboratory reference range.
  • Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) >1.2 x ULN or <0.8 x LLN of laboratory reference range.
  • Serum creatinine >ULN of the laboratory reference range.
  • Serum glucose:

    • For subjects not previously diagnosed with diabetes mellitus:

      • >=140 mg/dL (nonfasting) unless hemoglobin A1c subtype (HbA1c) <=7% OR
      • >=100 mg/dL (fasting) unless HbA1c <=7%.
    • For subjects previously diagnosed with diabetes mellitus: HbA1c >8.5%.
  • Prothrombin time/partial thromboplastin time (PT/PTT) values >10% above laboratory reference range.
  • Anti-nuclear antibodies (ANA) >1:320.
  • Alpha fetoprotein (AFP):

    • AFP >100 ng/mL OR
    • AFP 50 to 100 ng/mL requires a liver ultrasound and subjects with findings suspicious for HCC are excluded.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

No Contacts or Locations Provided
  More Information

No publications provided by Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.

Additional publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00845065     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: P05685
Study First Received: February 13, 2009
Results First Received: October 10, 2011
Last Updated: April 29, 2014
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Hepatitis
Hepatitis A
Hepatitis C
Hepatitis C, Chronic
Hepatitis, Chronic
Digestive System Diseases
Enterovirus Infections
Flaviviridae Infections
Hepatitis, Viral, Human
Liver Diseases
Picornaviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases
Interferon-alpha
Peginterferon alfa-2a
Ribavirin
Anti-Infective Agents
Antimetabolites
Antiviral Agents
Immunologic Factors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Pharmacologic Actions
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Therapeutic Uses

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on October 20, 2014