Study of Sorafenib and Gemcitabine in Advanced Hepatocellular Carcinoma (HCC)

The recruitment status of this study is unknown because the information has not been verified recently.
Verified February 2009 by Combined Military Hospital, Pakistan.
Recruitment status was  Recruiting
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Bayer
Information provided by:
Combined Military Hospital, Pakistan
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00844688
First received: February 13, 2009
Last updated: NA
Last verified: February 2009
History: No changes posted
  Purpose

For the majority of patients, metastatic HCC is incurable and patients should be considered candidates for clinical trials when appropriate. Till recently there was no worldwide, approved local or systemic therapy for advanced HCC and the available therapies for advanced unresectable and/or metastatic HCC have limited clinical values, with low response rates and little impact on the natural history of the disease. Furthermore, the toxicities associated with these agents can be severe, requiring careful patient selection, and this dramatically decreases the number of patients who may benefit from therapy. The SHARP trial established the survival benefit of Sorafenib in Advanced HCC but the results yet remain humble. The need for more effective therapies is still there.

Study Objectives

The primary objective of this phase II study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of Sorafenib and Gemcitabine combination in patients with advanced HCC.

Safety data and limited efficacy data will be collected for this combination in the study. All Drug-Related Adverse Events, all Adverse Events NCI CTCAE Version 3.0 Grade 3 or higher, and all Serious Adverse Events regardless of causal relationship to study drugs will be recorded in this study.


Condition Intervention Phase
Hepatocellular Carcinoma
Drug: sorafenib
Drug: Gemcitabine
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase II Feasibility Study of Sorafenib and Gemcitabine Combination Treatment in Patients With Advanced Hepatocellular Carcinoma

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Combined Military Hospital, Pakistan:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • RECIST criteria for response evaluation by CT sacan abdomen in Target lesion of HCC [ Time Frame: 4 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Toxicity evaluation in accordance with CTCAE v3.0 [ Time Frame: 4 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

Estimated Enrollment: 30
Study Start Date: September 2008
Estimated Study Completion Date: December 2009
Estimated Primary Completion Date: October 2009 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
sorafenib/gemcitabine Drug: sorafenib

Patients will be treated with 400 mg oral sorafenib twice a day on a continuous basis. Patients in this protocol may continue to be treated with this combination for a minimum of 4 cycles until any of the following criteria for protocol discontinuation is reached:

  1. Progression of disease.
  2. The patient is unlikely to benefit from further treatment as

    Judged by the Investigator.

  3. Intolerable toxicity of the drugs.
  4. Withdrawal of consent for any reason.
Other Name: Nexavar
Drug: Gemcitabine

Patients will be treated with Gemcitabine 1000mg/m2 administered on day 1 & 8 of a 4 week cycle. Patients in this protocol may continue to be treated with this combination for a minimum of 4 cycles until any of the following criteria for protocol discontinuation is reached:

Progression of disease. The patient is unlikely to benefit from further treatment as

Judged by the Investigator.

Intolerable toxicity of the drugs. Withdrawal of consent for any reason.

Other Name: Gemzar

Detailed Description:

Over-all Study Design

This is a non-randomized, open-label treatment protocol for patients with advanced HCC.

30 Patients will be treated with 400 mg oral sorafenib twice a day on a continuous basis with Gemcitabine 1000mg/m2 administered on day 1 & 8 of a 4 week cycle. Patients in this protocol may continue to be treated with this combination for a minimum of 4 cycles until any of the following criteria for protocol discontinuation is reached:

  1. Progression of disease.
  2. The patient is unlikely to benefit from further treatment as

    Judged by the Investigator.

  3. Intolerable toxicity of the drugs.
  4. Withdrawal of consent for any reason.

Dosage, administration and duration

Doses of study drugs may be delayed or reduced in case of clinically significant toxicities that are possibly, probably or definitely related to protocol therapy. Toxicities will be graded using the NCI Common Terminology Criteria Version 3.0 (see Appendix 10.6). If a patient experiences several toxicities and there are conflicting recommendations, the recommended dose adjustment that reduces the dose to the lowest level should be used. All dose modifications will follow pre-defined dose levels as indicated below for study drugs, respectively. The dose modifications of sorafenib will follow the following dose levels:

Dose level 1 (starting dose): 400 mg (2 x 200 mg) p. o. twice daily Dose level 2: 400 mg (2 x 200 mg) p. o. once daily Dose level 3: 400 mg (2 x 200 mg) p. o. once every other day If a dose reduction by more than two dose levels from the 400 mg twice daily schedule is required, the patient should be discontinued from the study treatment. Also, at the discretion of the Investigator, the dose may be re escalated to a higher dose level up to up to a maximum of 400 mg twice daily following the resolution of the Adverse Event or an improvement in the Adverse Event to a level which permits the re-escalation of the study drug.

For Gemcitabine the potentially dose limiting toxicity is myelosuppression, dose delays are allowed for Grade 3 and 4 toxicities. Growth factors will not be administered unless delay is more than 2 weeks in recovery of hematological toxicity.

  Eligibility

Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Advanced Hepatocellular carcinoma
  2. Histologically proven
  3. Child-Pugh A and B
  4. Age > 18 years.
  5. ECOG Performance Status of 0 or1
  6. Life expectancy of at least 12 weeks.
  7. Subjects with at least one uni-dimensional (for RECIST) or bi-dimensional (for WHO) measurable lesion. Lesions must be measured by CT-scan or MRI
  8. Adequate bone marrow, liver and renal function as assessed by the following

    • Hemoglobin > 9.0 g/dl
    • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >1,500/mm3
    • Platelet count ³ 100,000/μl
    • Total bilirubin < 1.5 times the upper limit of normal
    • ALT and AST < 2.5 x upper limit of normal (< 5 x upper limit of normal for patients with liver involvement of their cancer)
    • Alkaline phosphatase < 4 x ULN
    • PT-INR/PTT < 1.5 x upper limit of normal [Patients who are being therapeutically anticoagulated with an agent such as coumadin or heparin will be allowed to participate provided that no prior evidence of underlying abnormality in these parameters exists.]
    • Serum creatinine < 1.5 x upper limit of normal. (normal creatinine value: 0.8-1.2 mg/dl)
    • Signed and dated informed consent before the start of specific protocol procedures.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. History of cardiac disease: congestive heart failure >NYHA class 2; active CAD (MI more than 6 months prior to study entry is allowed); cardiac arrhythmias requiring anti-arrhythmic therapy (beta blockers or Digoxin are permitted) or uncontrolled hypertension.
  2. History of HIV infection
  3. Active clinically serious infections (> grade 2 NCI-CTC version 3.0)
  4. Symptomatic metastatic brain or meningeal tumors (unless the patient is > 6 months from definitive therapy, has a negative imaging study within 4 weeks of study entry and is clinically stable with respect to the tumor at the time of study entry)
  5. Patients with seizure disorder requiring medication (such as steroids or anti-epileptics)
  6. History of organ allograft however, the organ allograft may be allowed as protocol specific.
  7. Patients with evidence or history of bleeding diasthesis
  8. Patients undergoing renal dialysis
  9. Previous or concurrent cancer that is distinct in primary site or histology from the cancer being evaluated in this study EXCEPT cervical carcinoma in situ, treated basal cell carcinoma, superficial bladder tumors [Ta, Tis & T1] or any cancer curatively treated > 3 years prior to study entry.

Excluded therapies and medications, previous and concomitant:

  1. Anticancer chemotherapy or immunotherapy during the study or within 4 weeks of study entry.
  2. Major surgery within 4 weeks of start of study
  3. Use of biologic response modifiers, such as G-CSF, within 3 week of study entry. [G-CSF and other hematopoietic growth factors may be used in the management of acute toxicity such as febrile neutropenia when clinically indicated or at the discretion of the investigator; however they may not be substituted for a required dose reduction.] [Patients taking chronic erythropoietin are permitted provided no dose adjustment is undertaken within 2 months prior to the study or during the study]
  4. Investigational drug therapy outside of this trial during or within 4 weeks of study entry
  5. Prior exposure to the study drug.
  6. Pregnant or breast-feeding patients. Women of childbearing potential must have a negative pregnancy test performed within 7 days of the start of treatment. Both men and women enrolled in this trial must use adequate barrier birth control measures during the course of the trial (and men for at least 3 months after last administration of study medication). Substance abuse, medical, psychological or social conditions that may interfere with the patient's participation in the study or evaluation of the study results
  7. Any condition that is unstable or could jeopardize the safety of the patient and their compliance in the study
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00844688

Contacts
Contact: Naeem Naqi, MBBS,FCPS 00923008435646 naqi60@hotmail.com
Contact: Ahsan Mahmood, MBBS,FCPS 00923215120482 ahsan_mahmood@hotmail.com

Locations
Pakistan
Combined Military Hospital Recruiting
Rawalpindi, Punjab, Pakistan, 46000
Principal Investigator: Naeem Naqi, MBBS,FCPS         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Combined Military Hospital, Pakistan
Bayer
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Naeem Naqi, MBBS,FCPS Consultant Oncologist
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Colonel Naeem Naqi, Combined Military Hospital, Rawalpindi, Pakistan
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00844688     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: HCC
Study First Received: February 13, 2009
Last Updated: February 13, 2009
Health Authority: Pakistan: Research Ethics Committee

Keywords provided by Combined Military Hospital, Pakistan:
Hepatocellular Carcinoma
Sorafenib
Gemcitabine

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Carcinoma, Hepatocellular
Carcinoma
Adenocarcinoma
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Liver Neoplasms
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Digestive System Diseases
Liver Diseases
Gemcitabine
Sorafenib
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Antimetabolites
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Pharmacologic Actions
Antineoplastic Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Radiation-Sensitizing Agents
Protein Kinase Inhibitors

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on September 22, 2014