Articulation and Phonology in Children With Unilateral Cleft Lip and Palate (APCLP)
The purpose of the study is to assess if there are any differences in the articulatory and phonological competence in pre-school children with unilateral cleft lip and palate (UCLP) who are treated with different surgical methods of palatal repair.
|Study Design:||Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
|Official Title:||Articulatory and Phonological Competence at 3 and 5 Years of Age in Children With Unilateral Cleft Lip and Palate Who Have Undergone Different Methods of Primary Palatal Surgery|
- Percent correct consonants [ Time Frame: 3 and 5 years of age ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- Phonological simplification processes [ Time Frame: 3 and 5 years of age ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
|Study Start Date:||January 2009|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||May 2014|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date:||May 2014 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
1 One-stage repair
A consecutive group of children born with unilateral cleft lip and palate from the south region of Sweden, in all 10 children, who have had a primary palatal surgery at 12 months of age.
2 Two-stage repair, early closure
A consecutive group of children born with unilateral cleft lip and palate from the western region of Sweden, in all 10 children, who have had a two-stage palatal surgery, with soft palate closure at 4-6 months and repair of the hard palate at 12 months of age.
3 Two-stage repair, delayed closure
A consecutive group of children born with unilateral cleft lip and palate from the western region of Sweden, in all 10 children, who have have had a two-stage palatal surgery, with soft palate closure at 4-6 months and repair of the hard palate at 36 months of age.
A cleft palate may influence important functions such as eating, function of the ear/hearing, speech, occlusion, and in addition social skills and acceptability related to appearance. Surgical treatment is aiming to minimize the impact of the cleft on these functions. Nevertheless there is often a need of orthodontic treatment, and if the palate is involved, speech therapy and speech improving secondary surgery. The incidence of otitis media with effusion, and related hearing problems, is high among the children. The outcome is affected by type of cleft as well as surgical method, although not yet fully clarified. Some consider the growth of the mid-face to be better if primary surgery of the hard palate is delayed, while speech development is considered to benefit from primary palate surgery performed as early as possible. Yet we don´t know which surgical method is the best. In most parts of the world and at three of six treatment centers in Sweden the palate is closed in one stage between 12 and 18 months of age. At the three other Swedish centers the cleft in the soft palate is closed at 4-6 months, and the cleft in the hard palate is repaired at 2-3 years of age.
Video-recordings of the children at 3 and 5 years of age will be used for evaluation. The speech material at 3 years of age consists of spontaneous speech and word naming. At 5 years sentence repetition and a re-telling task is added. Blindly transcription of the material after randomization, according to the transcription used for cleft palate speech in Sweden based on the IPA and ExtIPA conventions will be performed. About 30% of the material, randomly selected, will be re-transcribed and about 30% will be transcribed by an additional listener independently, for calculation of reliability. The results will be compared between groups regarding articulatory deviancies and phonological processes, and will be statistically analyzed. Impact of ear problems, hearing and speech therapy will be assessed.
|Department of Logopedics, Skåne University Hospital Malmö|
|Malmo, Region Skane, Sweden, S-205 02|
|Study Director:||Henry Svensson, Professor, Head||Department of Plastic and reconstructive Surgery, Skåne University Hospital, Sweden|