The Use of Anti-oxidants to Reduce Sequela of Mild Traumatic Brain Injury (mTBI) After Blast Exposure
The administration of N-acetyl-cysteine (an anti-oxidant) for seven days along with observation will result in improved hearing and balance function in individuals who demonstrate these disorders after blast exposure when compared to a placebo medicine and observation at the seven day time point.
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||The Use of Anti-oxidants to Reduce Sequela of Mild TBI (mTBI) After Blast Exposure|
- Relief of symptoms of mTBI [ Time Frame: 7 days ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
|Study Start Date:||November 2008|
|Study Completion Date:||August 2009|
|Primary Completion Date:||March 2009 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Placebo Comparator: 2
Control for study
Drug: N-acetyl-cysteine (NAC)
Anti-oxidant in a pill format
5.0 RESEARCH PLAN: The goal of this study is to examine the use of one anti-oxidant, N acetylcysteine (NAC), in individuals who suffer blast injury and demonstrate early sequela of mTBI.
Recent changes in war fighting and operational situations have changed the injury patterns that our troops face in all aspects of military operations. Mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) is among the most common injuries seen in the current theater of operations. While other injury patterns have shown a decrease over the last twelve months, mTBI from blast exposure has continued to be seen at increasing levels. This may be due in part to the fact that research has shown the individuals may suffer mTBI secondary to blast injury from one significant exposure or from repeated low level exposure which is more common as individuals rotate back to the theatre of operations for second, third, and even forth tours of duty. The sequela of mTBI include balance disorders, hearing loss, and cognitive dysfunction. These disorders can present immediately after the injury or several weeks after the injury but tests of function can detect injury shortly after the injury. Evidence exists in laboratory work and in human studies that anti-oxidant medicine can reduce/eliminate the sequela of mTBI if administered within 8-24 hours of injury.
5.1 OBJECTIVES: A population and single-subject design, double blinded, placebo controlled study comparing the effectiveness of the observation and administration of the anti-oxidant NAC to placebo in individuals suffering the sequela of mTBI after a single or multiple blast exposures.
5.2 HYPOTHESIS: The administration of NAC for seven days along with observation will result in improved hearing and balance function in individuals who demonstrate these disorders after blast exposure when compared to a placebo medicine and observation at the seven day time point
5.3 SPECIFIC AIMS:
- To determine the frequency of hearing loss and balance disorders in those exposed to blast injury that have non-emergent or non-urgent medical or surgical disorders and display a pattern of injury consistent with mTBI.
- To determine the effectiveness of one week of anti-oxidant, N-acetylcysteine combined with observation, in the reduction of hearing loss and balance disorders one week after injury as compared to placebo medication and observation.
- To determine the effectiveness of one week of anti-oxidant, N-acetylcysteine combined with observation, in the reduction of hearing loss and balance disorders six months after injury as compared to one week of placebo medication and observation.