The Study of Skeletal Muscle Function in Obstructive Sleep Apnea
The purposes of this study includes (1)to investigate inspiratory muscles and non-inspiratory muscle function in terms of strength, endurance, and fatigability in patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), (2) investigate the metabolic characteristics of peripheral muscles and biochemistry markers in patients with OSA, and (3) to detect the effect of exercise training on the measured parameters in patients with OSA.
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single Blind (Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||The Study of Skeletal Muscle Function in Obstructive Sleep Apnea|
- strength, endurance, fatigability, and nerve conduction velocity in response to magnetic stimulation [ Time Frame: 4 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- biochemistry markers, magnetic resonance spectroscopy [ Time Frame: 4 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
|Study Start Date:||August 2007|
|Study Completion Date:||July 2011|
|Primary Completion Date:||July 2008 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
exercise training, CPAP, and inspiratory muscle strengthening program
Behavioral: exercise training, IMT
Each exercise session includes graded treadmill walking and resisted exercises. The graded treadmill walking exercise begins with a 5 minute warm-up period with the intensity of about 40% of maximal oxygen consumption (VO2max) follows by a 30 minutes training phase. The training intensity is set at about 70%-85% of VO2max and ends with a 5-minute cool-down period with the intensity of about 40% of VO2max. The resisted exercise program includes 20 minutes of weight training with rest after the first 5 minutes.
Other Name: exercise
It has become increasingly recognized that skeletal muscle abnormalities are common and profound in patients with chronic inflammatory status. Based on the unique character of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), repeated intermittent apnea and hypopnea caused by the upper airway muscles collapse during inspiration, it is logical to speculate some adaptations in skeletal muscle of patients with OSA. The purpose of the first part is to investigate the inspiratory muscle function in patients with different severity of OSA. Participants firstly underwent polysomnography assessments will be recruited. The measurements includes Epworth sleepiness scale, strength and endurance of inspiratory muscles, and fatigue test during either maximal voluntary efforts or in response to cervical magnetic stimulation (CMS) with simultaneously sEMG recordings. In addition, the exercise capacity with simultaneous sEMG recordings for diaphragm and vastus lateralis during the exercise testing will also be tested. The second part is designed to examine the metabolic characteristics of lower extremity in patients with OSA. Blood samples will be drawn and proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy is used to detect intramyocellular and extramyocellular lipid contents (IMCL and EMCL). The third part will detect the effect of exercise training on the measured parameters described as above in patients with OSA. Participants will be randomized into exercise group, inspiratory muscle training group (IMT), and CPAP group. Exercise protocol includes 30-minute aerobic exercise at the intensity of 70%-85% VO2max, and 20-minute general resistance exercise. IMT group will receive inspiratory muscle strengthening by device.
|National Taiwan University Hospital|
|Taipei, Taiwan, 10051|
|Principal Investigator:||Meng-Yueh Chien, PhD||National Taiwan University|