A Pharmacokinetics and Pharmacodynamics Study Under Fasting and Fed Conditions With Paliperidone Extended-release and Immediate-release Formulations

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development, L.L.C.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00796471
First received: November 20, 2008
Last updated: June 6, 2011
Last verified: March 2010
  Purpose

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the pharmacokinetics of 2 extended-release (ER) formulations of 2 mg-eq paliperidone in comparison to the 2 mg immediate-release (IR) paliperidone oral solution and to evaluate the effect of food on the pharmacokinetics of these ER formulations. Additional objectives are to compare the pharmacodynamic effects (postural changes in blood pressure and heart rate), safety, and tolerability are to be evaluated in addition to exploring the relationship between CYP2D6 and CYP3A4/5genotype and paliperidone exposure.


Condition Intervention Phase
Schizophrenia
Drug: Paliperidone ER
Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Pharmacokinetics/Dynamics Study
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Comparative Evaluation of the Pharmacokinetics and Pharmacodynamics Under Fasting and Fed Conditions of 2 Paliperidone Extended-release Formulations With Paliperidone Oral Solution in Healthy Adults

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development, L.L.C.:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • To evaluate the pharmacokinetics of 2 ER formulations of 2 mg-eq paliperidone in comparison with 2 mg IR paliperidone oral solution and to evaluate the effect of food on the pharmacokinetics of these ER formulations

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • To compare the pharmacodynamic effects (postural changes in blood pressure and heart rate) of all treatments

Enrollment: 35
Study Start Date: June 2003
Study Completion Date: August 2003
Detailed Description:

This study is designed as a single-center, open-label, randomized, 5 treatment-period, crossover study in healthy adults. The study consists of a screening phase and a treatment phase during which each volunteer will receive 5 treatments of study drug in a random order and separated by a washout period of at least 7 to 14 days. Treatments consist of a single oral dose of: A) paliperidone ER pellet formulation, (2 mg-eq) as 1 capsule of 2.5 mg, fasted; B) the same formulation as A but with food; C) paliperidone-coated ER OROS formulation (2 mg eq) as 2 tablets of 2 mg, fasted; D) the same formulation as C but with food; E) IR paliperidone oral solution, 2 mg (2 mL) of a 1 mg/mL solution, fasted. Alternative paliperidone ER formulations are being developed with the aim to increase the bioavailability without compromising the favorable effect on the orthostatic hypotension as seen with ER OROS paliperidone. Therefore, in this study, the pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic properties, as well as the effect of food, of 2 alternative paliperidone ER formulations using different mechanisms to achieve extended release of the drug will be investigated: a multiparticulate ER capsule formulation, containing coated pellets comprised of 3 coating layers, with both immediate and extended drug-release properties (pellet formulation; drug ratio extended- versus immediate-release layer: 9:1), and an OROS trilayer longitudinally compressed tablet formulation (Push-Pull delivery system) (overcoated-OROS formulation). Safety and tolerability will be monitored throughout the study. Single doses of paliperidone ER pellet formulation, (2 mg-eq) as 1 capsule of 2.5 mg, fasted; paliperidone ER pellet formulation, (2 mg-eq) as 1 capsule of 2.5 mg with food (high-fat breakfast); paliperidone-coated OROS ER formulation (2 mg-eq) as 2 tablets of 2 mg, fasted; paliperidone-coated OROS ER formulation (2 mg-eq) as 2 tablets of 2 mg with food (high-fat breakfast); IR paliperidone oral solution, 2 mg (2 mL) of a 1 mg/mL solution, fasted.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 55 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Acceptable weight as defined by body mass index (weight [kg]/height (m)²) range of 18.0 to 28.0 kg/m², inclusive
  • Normotensive with supine (5 minutes) blood pressure between the range of 100 to 140 mmHg systolic, inclusive, and 60 to 90 mmHg diastolic, inclusive
  • Healthy on the basis of a prestudy physical examination, medical history, electrocardiogram, and the laboratory results of blood biochemistry, hematology and urinalysis performed within 21 days before the first dose. If the results of the biochemistry, hematology or urinalysis testing are not within the laboratory's reference ranges the volunteer can be included only if the investigator judges that the deviations are not clinically significant. For liver function tests (alanine transaminase, aspartate transaminase, and bilirubin), the values must be contained within 2 times the upper limits of the normal laboratory reference ranges and for renal function tests, the values must be within the normal laboratory reference ranges
  • Women must be postmenopausal for at least 1 year, surgically sterile, or practicing an effective method of birth control (e.g., prescription oral contraceptives, contraceptive injections, intrauterine device, double-barrier method, contraceptive patch, male partner sterilization and at the discretion of the investigator, total abstinence) before entry and throughout the study, as well as have a negative serum pregnancy test at screening. To ensure continued eligibility, women must have a negative urine test before each dose of study drug (Day -1 for each period).

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Known allergy or history of significant hypersensitivity to heparin
  • Recent history of alcohol or substance abuse. Test positive for the urine drug screen at screening or the urine drug screen or alcohol breath test at Day -1 for Period 1
  • Relevant history of any cardiovascular, respiratory neuropsychiatric, renal, hepatic, gastrointestinal (including surgeries, and malabsorption problems), endocrine, or immunologic diseases
  • A decrease of greater than or equal to 20 mmHg systolic blood pressure 3 minutes after standing, or with symptoms of lightheadedness, dizziness or fainting upon standing at screening
  • Positive result for any of the serology tests (hepatitis B, C and HIV)
  • History of smoking or use of nicotine-containing substances within the last 2 months, as determined by medical history and/or volunteer's verbal report. (Volunteers must agree to refrain from use throughout the study.)
  • Drug allergy to risperidone, paliperidone, or any of its excipients
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00796471

Sponsors and Collaborators
Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development, L.L.C.
Investigators
Study Director: Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development, L.L. C. Clinical Trial Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development, L.L.C.
  More Information

Additional Information:
No publications provided

ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00796471     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CR004282
Study First Received: November 20, 2008
Last Updated: June 6, 2011
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Keywords provided by Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development, L.L.C.:
Schizophrenia
Mood Disorders
Antipsychotic drugs
Paliperidone ER

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Schizophrenia
Schizophrenia and Disorders with Psychotic Features
Mental Disorders
9-hydroxy-risperidone
Antipsychotic Agents
Tranquilizing Agents
Central Nervous System Depressants
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Pharmacologic Actions
Central Nervous System Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Psychotropic Drugs

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on September 22, 2014