Comparison of the Change in Fat Distribution in Overweight and Obese Subjects With Type 2 Diabetes After Insulin Treatment

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Novo Nordisk A/S
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00795600
First received: November 20, 2008
Last updated: June 17, 2013
Last verified: June 2013
  Purpose

This trial is conducted in Europe. The aim of this clinical trial is to compare the change in trunk fat mass, assessed by Double Energy X-ray Absorptiometry (DEXA) after 26 weeks of treatment with insulin detemir or insulin NPH (Neutral Protamine Hagedorn) (both combined with insulin aspart at the main meals) in overweight and obese subjects with type 2 diabetes.


Condition Intervention Phase
Diabetes
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2
Drug: insulin detemir
Drug: insulin NPH
Phase 4

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Multi-centre, Open-labelled, Randomised, Two-group Parallel Trial Comparing the Change in Fat Distribution in Overweight and Obese Subjects With Type 2 Diabetes After 26 Weeks of Treatment With Insulin Detemir Once Daily Versus Insulin NPH Once Daily, Both With Insulin Aspart at Mealtimes

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Novo Nordisk A/S:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Percentage Change in Trunk Fat Mass (Defined as Peripheral Fat Ratio) [ Time Frame: week 0, week 26 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Percentage of change of trunk fat mass as the dependent variable, baseline value (trunk fat mass at week 0) as covariate, treatment with metformin (yes/no) and gender (male/female) as effect and the treatment received (insulin detemir/insulin NPH) as the main factor.

  • Absolute Change in Trunk Fat Mass [ Time Frame: week 0, week 26 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Absolute change in trunk fat mass as response variable with treatment, sex and Metformin use as fixed factors, and trunk fat mass at week 0 as covariate.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Absolute Change in Whole Body Fat Mass [ Time Frame: Week 0, week 26 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Absolute change in whole body fat mass as response variable with treatment, sex and Metformin use as fixed factors, and trunk fat mass at week 0 as covariate.

  • Percentage Change in Whole Body Fat Mass [ Time Frame: Week 0, week 26 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Percentage Change in Whole Body Fat Mass as response variable with treatment, sex and Metformin use as fixed factors, and whole Body Fat Mass at week 0 as covariate.

  • Absolute Change in Whole Body Lean Mass [ Time Frame: Week 0, week 26 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Absolute change in whole body lean mass as response variable with treatment, sex and Metformin use as fixed factors, whole body lean mass at week 0 as covariate.

  • Percentage Change in Whole Body Lean Mass [ Time Frame: Week 0, week 26 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Percentage Change in Whole Body Lean Mass as response variable with treatment, sex and Metformin use as fixed factors, and whole Body Lean Mass at week 0 as covariate.

  • Absolute Change in Trunk Lean Mass [ Time Frame: Week 0, week 26 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Absolute change in trunk lean mass as response variable with treatment, sex and Metformin use as fixed factors, and trunk lean mass at week 0 as covariate

  • Percentage Change in Trunk Lean Mass [ Time Frame: Week 0, week 26 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Percentage Change in Trunk Lean Mass as response variable with treatment, sex and Metformin use as fixed factors, and Trunk Lean Mass at week 0 as covariate.

  • Absolute Change in Calculated Whole Body Fat Percentage [ Time Frame: Week 0, week 26 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Absolute change in calculated whole body fat percentage as response variable with treatment, sex and Metformin use as fixed factors, and calculated whole body fat percentage at week 0 as covariate

  • Percentual Change in Calculated Whole Body Fat Percentage [ Time Frame: Week 0, week 26 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Percentual Change in Calculated Whole Body Fat Percentage as response variable with treatment, sex and Metformin use as fixed factors, and Calculated Whole Body Fat Percentage at week 0 as covariate.

  • Absolute Change in Calculated Trunk Fat Percentage [ Time Frame: Week 0, week 26 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Absolute change in calculated trunk fat percentage as response variable with treatment, sex and Metformin use as fixed factors, and calculated trunk fat percentage at week 0 as covariate

  • Percentual Change in Calculated Trunk Fat Percentage [ Time Frame: Week 0, week 26 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Percentual Change in Calculated Trunk Fat Percentage as response variable with treatment, sex and Metformin use as fixed factors, and Calculated Trunk Fat Percentage at week 0 as covariate.

  • Absolute Change in Visceral Adipose Tissue Area [ Time Frame: Week 0, week 26 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Absolute change in visceral adipose tissue area as response variable with treatment, sex and Metformin use as fixed factors, and visceral adipose tissue area at week 0 as covariate

  • Percentage Change in Visceral Adipose Tissue Area [ Time Frame: Week 0, week 26 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Percentage Change in Visceral Adipose Tissue Area as response variable with treatment, sex and Metformin use as fixed factors, and Visceral Adipose Tissue Area at week 0 as covariate.

  • Absolute Change in Subcutaneous Adipose Tissue Area [ Time Frame: Week 0, week 26 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Absolute change in subcutaneous adipose tissue area as response variable with treatment, sex and Metformin use as fixed factors, and subcutaneous adipose tissue area at week 0 as covariate

  • Percentage Change in Subcutaneous Adipose Tissue Area [ Time Frame: Week 0, week 26 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Percentage Change in Subcutaneous Adipose Tissue Area as response variable with treatment, sex and Metformin use as fixed factors, and Subcutaneous Adipose Tissue Area at week 0 as covariate.

  • Absolute Change in Calculated Visceral/Subcutaneous Adipose Tissue Ratio [ Time Frame: Week 0, week 26 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Absolute change in Calculated Visceral/Subcutaneous Adipose Tissue Ratio as response variable with treatment, sex and Metformin use as fixed factors, and Calculated Visceral/Subcutaneous Adipose Tissue Area at week 0 as covariate.

  • Percentage Change in Calculated Visceral/Subcutaneous Adipose Tissue Ratio [ Time Frame: Week 0, week 26 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Percentage Change in Calculated Visceral/Subcutaneous Adipose Tissue Area as response variable with treatment, sex and Metformin use as fixed factors, and Calculated Visceral/Subcutaneous Adipose Tissue Area at week 0 as covariate.

  • Absolute Change in Liver/Spleen Attenuation Ratio [ Time Frame: Week 0, week 26 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Absolute change in Liver/Spleen Attenuation Ratio as response variable with treatment, sex and Metformin use as fixed factors, and Liver/Spleen Attenuation Ratio at week 0 as covariate.

  • Percentage Change in Liver/Spleen Attenuation Ratio [ Time Frame: Week 0, week 26 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Percentage Change in Liver/Spleen Attenuation Ratio as response variable with treatment, sex and Metformin use as fixed factors, and Liver to Spleen Attenuation Ratio at week 0 as covariate.

  • Absolute Change in HbA1c (Glycosylated Haemoglobin) [ Time Frame: Week 0, week 26 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Absolute Change in HbA1c as response variable with treatment, sex and Metformin use as fixed factors, and HbA1c at week 0 as covariate.

  • Absolute Change in Fasting Plasma Glucose (FPG) [ Time Frame: Week 0, week 26 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Absolute Change in Fasting Plasma Glucose as response variable with treatment, sex and Metformin use as fixed factors, and Fasting Plasma Glucose at week 0 as covariate.

  • Absolute Change in Adiponectin [ Time Frame: Week 0, week 26 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Absolute change in adiponectin as response variable with treatment, sex and Metformin use as fixed factors, and Adiponectic at week 0 as covariate.

  • Absolute Change in Total Cholesterol [ Time Frame: Week 0, week 26 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Absolute Change in High Density Lipoprotein (HDL) Cholesterol [ Time Frame: Week 0, week 26 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Absolute Change in Low Density Lipoprotein (LDL) Cholesterol [ Time Frame: Week 0, week 26 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Absolute Change in Very Low Density Lipoprotein (VLDL) Cholesterol [ Time Frame: Week 0, week 26 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Absolute Change in Triglycerides [ Time Frame: Week 0, week 26 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Absolute Change in Free Fatty Acids [ Time Frame: Week 0, week 26 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Absolute Change in Haemoglobin [ Time Frame: Week 0, week 26 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Absolute Change in Blood Volume (Haematocrit) [ Time Frame: Week 0, week 26 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Absolute Change in Thrombocytes [ Time Frame: Week 0, week 26 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Absolute Change in Erythrocytes [ Time Frame: Week 0, week 26 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Absolute Change in Leucocytes [ Time Frame: Week 0, week 26 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Absolute Change in Lymphocytes [ Time Frame: Week 0, week 26 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Absolute Change in Monocytes [ Time Frame: Week 0, week 26 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Absolute Change in Neutrophils [ Time Frame: Week 0, week 26 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Absolute Change in Eosinophils [ Time Frame: Week 0, week 26 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Absolute Change in Basophils [ Time Frame: Week 0, week 26 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Absolute Change in Creatinine [ Time Frame: Week 0, week 26 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Absolute Change in Creatine Phosphokinase [ Time Frame: Week 0, week 26 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Absolute Change in Urea [ Time Frame: Week 0, week 26 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Absolute Change in Albumin [ Time Frame: Week 0, week 26 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Absolute Change in Bilirubin Total [ Time Frame: Week 0, week 26 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Absolute Change in Alanine Aminotransferase (ALAT) [ Time Frame: Week 0, week 26 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Absolute Change in Aspartate Aminotransferase (ASAT) [ Time Frame: Week 0, week 26 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Absolute Change in Alkaline Phosphatase [ Time Frame: Week 0, week 26 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Absolute Change in Sodium [ Time Frame: Week 0, week 26 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Absolute Change in Potassium [ Time Frame: Week 0, week 26 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Absolute Change in Body Weight [ Time Frame: Week 0, week 26 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Absolute change in body weight was based on ANCOVA model for absolute change from week 0 to week 26 as response variable with treatment, sex and Metformin use as fixed factors, and body weight at week 0 as covariable.

  • Absolute Change in Waist Circumference [ Time Frame: Week 0, week 26 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Absolute change in waist circumference was based on ANCOVA model for absolute change from week 0 to week 26 as response variable with treatment, sex and Metformin use as fixed factors, and Waist at week 0 as covariate.

  • Absolute Change in Hip Circumference [ Time Frame: Week 0, week 26 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Absolute Change in Hip Circumferences was based on ANCOVA model for absolute change from week 0 to week 26 as response variable with treatment, sex, and Metformin use as fixed factors, and hip circumference at week 0 as covariate.

  • Absolute Change in hsCRP (Highly Sensitive C Reactive Protein) [ Time Frame: Week 0, week 26 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Absolute change in hsCRP was based on ANCOVA model for absolute change from week 0 to week 26 as response variable with treatment, sex and Metformin use as fixed factors, and hsCRP at week 0 as covariate.

  • Absolute Change in PAI-1 (Plasminogen Activator Inhibitor-1) [ Time Frame: Week 0, week 26 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Number of Hypoglycaemic Episodes [ Time Frame: Weeks 0-26 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Number of episodes reported during the trial.

  • Number of Non-serious Adverse Events [ Time Frame: Weeks 0-26 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Number of episodes reported during the trial.


Enrollment: 60
Study Start Date: April 2009
Study Completion Date: August 2010
Primary Completion Date: August 2010 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: insulin detemir
Insulin detemir injected subcutaneously (s.c.) in the evening in combination with insulin aspart injected s.c. as mealtime insulin for 26 weeks
Drug: insulin detemir
Insulin detemir once daily plus insulin aspart at mealtime
Active Comparator: insulin NPH
Insulin isophane (Neutral Protamine Hagedorn, NPH) injected subcutaneously (s.c.) in the evening in combination with insulin aspart injected s.c. as mealtime insulin for 26 weeks
Drug: insulin NPH
Insulin NPH once daily plus insulin aspart at mealtime

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Subjects with type 2 diabetes who have been treated with 2 or 3 doses of insulin (one of them must be a premix) for at least 3 months prior to inclusion in trial
  • Glycosylated haemoglobin (HbA1c) between 7.0-11.0 %
  • Body Mass Index (BMI) between 27.5-40 kg/m^2

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Treatment with any oral antidiabetic drugs (OADs) in the last 6 months except metformin (subjects currently treated with metformin within the interval of 1000 - 2550 mg daily may be included in the trial. The dose should have remained unchanged for a period of 2 months prior to randomisation and should be expected to remain unchanged throughout the trial period)
  • Use of approved weight lowering pharmacotherapy (e.g. orlistat, sibutramin, rimonabant) or obesity induced by drug treatment (e.g. corticosteroids, Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), tricyclic anti-depressants, atypical anti-psychotics)
  • Previous or planned surgical treatment of obesity
  • Total daily insulin dose higher or equal 2 IU/kg
  • Proliferative retinopathy or maculopathy that has required acute treatment within the last six months
  • Receipt of any investigational drug within 1 month prior to this trial
  • Cardiac disease defined according to New York Heart Association (NYHA) class III or IV, unstable angina pectoris and/or myocardial infarction within the last 6 months previous to the selection
  Contacts and Locations
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00795600

Locations
Spain
Málaga, Spain, 29009
Sponsors and Collaborators
Novo Nordisk A/S
Investigators
Study Director: Fernando Fuentes, PhD Novo Nordisk Pharma SA
  More Information

Additional Information:
No publications provided

Responsible Party: Novo Nordisk A/S
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00795600     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: NN304-3614, 2008-003739-19
Study First Received: November 20, 2008
Results First Received: August 9, 2011
Last Updated: June 17, 2013
Health Authority: Spain: Spanish Agency of Medicines

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Diabetes Mellitus
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2
Overweight
Glucose Metabolism Disorders
Metabolic Diseases
Endocrine System Diseases
Body Weight
Signs and Symptoms
Insulin aspart
Insulin
Insulin, NPH
Insulin, Long-Acting
Hypoglycemic Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Pharmacologic Actions

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on April 15, 2014