A Study of the Pharmacokinetics of ER OROS Paliperidone in Volunteers With Normal or Impaired Renal Function

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development, L.L.C.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00791401
First received: November 13, 2008
Last updated: June 9, 2011
Last verified: March 2010
  Purpose

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the pharmacokinetics of a single oral dose of 3 mg extended release paliperidone (ER OROSÃ' paliperidone) in patients with varying degrees of renal impairment (mild, moderate, and severe), compared to patients with normal renal function. Secondary objectives include the assessing the disposition of the (+) and (-) enantiomers by means of an enantioselective liquid chromatography mass spectrometry assay, to determine plasma protein binding of the enantiomers in patients with impaired renal function, compared with patients with normal renal function, and to evaluate the tolerability and safety profile of ER OROS paliperidone in patients with varying degrees of renal impairment (mild, moderate, and severe) compared with patients with normal renal function.


Condition Intervention Phase
Schizophrenia
Renal Impairment
Drug: ER OROS Paliperidone
Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Non-Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Pharmacokinetics Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: The Pharmacokinetics of ER OROS Paliperidone in Subjects With Varying Degrees of Impaired Renal Function (Mild, Moderate, and Severe) as Compared to Subjects With Normal Renal Function

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development, L.L.C.:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • To evaluate the pharmacokinetics of a single oral dose of 3 mg ER OROS paliperidone in patients with varying degrees of renal impairment (mild, moderate, and severe), compared with patients with normal renal function

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • To assess the disposition of the (+) and (-) enantiomers, to determine plasma protein binding of the enantiomers, and to evaluate the tolerability and safety profile of ER OROS paliperidone in patients with renal impairment

Enrollment: 47
Study Start Date: April 2004
Study Completion Date: February 2005
Detailed Description:

This is a single dose, parallel group, open-label, 2 center pharmacokinetic study, consisting of a pretreatment (screening) period of between 1 and 3 weeks, an open label treatment period (single dose of ER OROS paliperidone on Day 1 only, and with end of study procedures and discharge ending on Day 6). All patients will be screened between Day 21 and Day 1 for renal function. On Day 1, all patients will receive a single oral dose of 3 mg ER OROS paliperidone and undergo a 120 hour follow up with serial blood collections for pharmacokinetics, safety and tolerability assessments. Patients will be discharged after giving a pharmacokinetic blood sample and completing end of study assessments in the morning of Day 6. Group matching will be applied to the renal function groups to reduce bias and increase comparability of age, weight, gender, and ethnicity. This study is aimed to compare the pharmacokinetics and safety profile of ER OROS paliperidone in patients with varying degrees of renal impairment with that of normal patients. 3 mg oral ER OROS paliperidone

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 75 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • All patients: A body mass index (weight [kg]/height (m)²) in the range of 18.0 to 32.0 kg/m², inclusive
  • Patients with normal renal function: Healthy on the basis of a prestudy physical examination, medical history, 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG), and blood hematology and biochemistry tests, and urinalysis carried out within 3 weeks before study drug is administered. Normal renal function
  • Age-related normotensive at screening, with supine (5 minutes) blood pressure in the range of 95 to 160 mmHg systolic, inclusive, and 55 to 95 mmHg diastolic, inclusive, at screening and before study drug administration
  • Demographically comparable to the groups with renal impairment with respect to age (±10 years), weight (±20%), gender, and ethnicity
  • Patients with impaired renal function: Has a CrCl of <80 mL/min
  • Severity of renal disease has to be stable: No significant change in renal function as evidenced by the serum creatinine value within ±20% from the last determination, obtained within at least 2 months before study entry
  • Is on stable dose of medication and/or treatment regimen for renal impairment from 2 months before the study. Patients with stable cardiovascular disease including hypertension controlled with a stable dose of medication for at least 2 months before enrollment, provided that the investigator feels their condition will not interfere with the results of the study. Patients with abnormal ECG changes considered by the investigator to be insignificant or clinically compatible with the patients's renal impairment may be included
  • Patients on a stable dose of thyroid hormone replacement therapy, for at least 3 months before enrollment, may be enrolled, provided that the patients' condition will not interfere with the results of the study
  • Patients with mild, stable, chronic degenerative joint disease may be enrolled
  • Patients on concomitant medications to treat underlying disease states or medical conditions related to renal insufficiency may be enrolled into the study, except when specifically excluded by name or pharmacological class.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients with normal renal function: Has any significant history or presence of hematologic, gastrointestinal, renal, hepatic, cardiovascular, pulmonary, metabolic, neurologic, or psychiatric disease, has a relevant history of drug allergy, has a history of congenital or hereditary kidney disease (including polycystic kidney disease), has a history of nephrectomy
  • Used any prescription or nonprescription medication (herbal supplements included) within 21 days before administration of study drug except for paracetamol (acetaminophen), hormonal contraceptives, and replacement therapy
  • Patients with impaired renal function:Is in end stage renal disease, requiring dialysis, has an acute unstable and/or significant and untreated medical illness (e.g., infection, unstable angina), has any abnormality in medical history, physical examination, ECG, or laboratory results that, in the opinion of the investigator, may affect the safety of the patient (e.g., myocardial infarction, conduction defects [e.g., QTc interval >450 msec for men, >470 msec for women], atrial or ventricular arrhythmia, coronary artery disease, congestive heart failure, valvular diseases, peripheral vascular disorders, stroke, hematologic, pulmonary, neurologic, hepatic, psychiatric, metabolic or endocrine disturbances, or inadequate nutritional status, has a history of uric acid stone disease (in the last 5 years with recurrences), uricosuria, or current hyperuricemia serum uric acid >=10 mg/dL, has uncontrolled Type 1 or 2 diabetes, has or had a renal transplant, systemic lupus erythematosus, or renal carcinoma, or has moderate to severe uncontrolled hypertension, defined as DBP >=105 mmHg and/or SBP >=180 mmHg (patients with stable mild hypertension controlled by a constant regimen over the last 2 months may be enrolled).
  Contacts and Locations
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Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00791401

Sponsors and Collaborators
Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development, L.L.C.
Investigators
Study Director: Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development, L.L. C. Clinical Trial Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development, L.L.C.
  More Information

Additional Information:
No publications provided

ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00791401     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CR004207
Study First Received: November 13, 2008
Last Updated: June 9, 2011
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Keywords provided by Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development, L.L.C.:
Schizophrenia
Mood disorders
Antipsychotic drugs
ER OROS Paliperidone

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Renal Insufficiency
Schizophrenia
Kidney Diseases
Urologic Diseases
Schizophrenia and Disorders with Psychotic Features
Mental Disorders
Antipsychotic Agents
9-hydroxy-risperidone
Tranquilizing Agents
Central Nervous System Depressants
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Pharmacologic Actions
Central Nervous System Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Psychotropic Drugs

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on August 26, 2014