Secondary Prophylaxis of Gastrointestinal Bleeding in Cirrhotic Patients Using THALIDOMIDE

This study has been withdrawn prior to enrollment.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Celgene Corporation
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
The Cleveland Clinic
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00787436
First received: November 5, 2008
Last updated: July 29, 2013
Last verified: July 2013
  Purpose

The natural history of cirrhosis has a symptomatic and asymptomatic stage. The symptoms include the development of ascites, hepatic encephalopathy, or variceal bleeding. The development of portal hypertension represents a critical transition point in the natural history of cirrhosis, contributing to, or directly responsible for all of these events. It is defined by an increase in intrahepatic vascular resistance to portal venous inflow, with the subsequent development of collateral vessels, such as esophageal or gastric varices. As portal pressures rise over time, however, the resulting increase in variceal size and wall tension translates into an increasing likelihood of rupture and bleeding, leading to death in about 30% of patients. Over the last twenty years, data have emerged regarding the role of tumor necrosis factor (TNFα) in portal hypertension from animal models as well as in vitro experiments. Portal hypertension is a condition characterized by vasodilatation and a hyperdynamic circulation, driven by relative overproduction of nitric oxide23. In animal trials using inhibitors of TNF it has been shown to decrease the development of the hyperdynamic circulatory state and portal pressure.24-25 Based on these data, investigators have examined the role of TNF inhibition with thalidomide. Significant improvement in blocking the development of the hyperdynamic circulation and portal pressures was demonstrated.26 Human trials have also show the efficacy of thalidomide in reducing portal pressures. In that these trials have shown promising results further investigation is


Condition Intervention Phase
Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage
Portal Hypertension
Drug: Thalidomide
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Secondary Prophylaxis of Gastrointestinal Bleeding in Cirrhotic Patients Using Thalidomide

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by The Cleveland Clinic:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • The proposed study would use a novel approach to prophylaxis, using thalidomide, an oral TNF inhibitor, in conjunction with a betablocker to prevent rebleeding of upper gastrointestinal bleeding in patients with cirrhosis and portal hyperte [ Time Frame: 16 week duration ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • The secondary endpoint is to examine the impact on progression of liver disease in this population, including development of other complications of chronic liver disease, such as encephalopathy, hepatorenal syndrome and patient survival [ Time Frame: 16 week duration ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

Enrollment: 0
Study Start Date: May 2006
Study Completion Date: January 2010
Primary Completion Date: January 2010 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
No Intervention: 1
Standard of care with normal treatment
Active Comparator: Thalidomide
Standard of care and treatment using Thalidomide
Drug: Thalidomide
Medical therapy has been used to decrease upper gastrointestinal bleeding in cirrhotics Non Selective beta blockers have been shown to effectively decrease the portal venous pressure
Other Names:
  • propranolol
  • nadolol
  • timolol
  • thalidomide

Detailed Description:

Treatment duration with thalidomide will be for 16 weeks, beginning in the hospital setting immediately after the index bleed, and clinical follow-up additional six months. Follow-up in both the hepatology, outpatient clinic area and the endoscopy suite will occur. Step wise thalidomide dosing will be 100 mg/d once a day at night. If no evidence of toxicity is noted after 5 doses, the dose will be increased to 200 mg/d, and continued on that dose as an outpatient until completion of the study protocol at 16 weeks. Patients will be followed daily while inpatients, and subsequently at two-week intervals upon discharge. Females of child-bearing potential will be seen weekly for the first month and must have a confirmed negative pregnancy test prior to being dispensed the next one week supply of study drug. After the first month, females of child-bearing potential will be seen every two weeks as will all other subjects. Standard follow-up medical care after esophageal variceal bleeding in patients who have undergone endoscopic therapy will include:

follow-up endoscopy at regular intervals until variceal obliteration, using either endoscopic variceal ligation (EVL) or sclerotherapy titrated dose of a nonselective beta blocker (propranolol).

At each follow-up visit, patients will be assessed for development of any interim outcome of interest:

overt upper gastrointestinal bleeding need for transfusion worsening clinical status

Patients will initially be followed daily while hospitalized. outpatient visits will occur every two-week intervals upon discharge. Standard follow-up medical care after esophageal variceal bleeding in patients who have undergone endoscopic therapy will include:

follow-up endoscopy at regular intervals until variceal obliteration, using either endoscopic variceal ligation (EVL) or sclerotherapy titrated dose of a nonselective beta blocker (propranolol).

At each follow-up visit, patients will be assessed for development of any interim outcome of interest:

overt upper gastrointestinal bleeding need for transfusion worsening clinical status the need for TIPS, liver transplantation or death. In addition, patients and their families will be questioned for any evidence of potential toxicity as assessed by using the CTC Toxicity grade version 3, or adverse outcomes by one of the study investigators as well as a nurse coordinator, using a standardized questionnaire along with a regular clinical

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Endoscopic confirmation or portal hypertension related GI bleeding
  • Over the age of 18 with the ability to willingly sign an informed consent
  • Adequate performance status and cognitive ability
  • Patients must be willing to comply with all FDA-mandated prescribing and safety while taking Thalidomide
  • Hemodynamically stable with no evidence of ongoing bleeding (defined as a Hgb that has not varied by more than 10% over 12 hour period.)

Exclusion Criteria:

  • No other serious illness or medical condition including unstable cardiac disease requiring treatment, new onset crescendo or rest angina. Stable exertional angina is acceptable.
  • No history of significant neurological or psychiatric disorders including psychotic disorders, dementia, or seizures or active infection
  Contacts and Locations
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00787436

Locations
United States, Ohio
Cleveland Clinic Foundation
Cleveland, Ohio, United States, 44109
Sponsors and Collaborators
The Cleveland Clinic
Celgene Corporation
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: The Cleveland Clinic
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00787436     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CEL-20237, IRB00000536, FWA00005367, 34-0714585, OSR-20070905-01
Study First Received: November 5, 2008
Last Updated: July 29, 2013
Health Authority: United States: Institutional Review Board

Keywords provided by The Cleveland Clinic:
portal hypertension
Gastroesophageal
Varices
Liver disease
cirrhosis

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage
Hemorrhage
Hypertension
Hypertension, Portal
Gastrointestinal Diseases
Digestive System Diseases
Pathologic Processes
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Liver Diseases
Propranolol
Thalidomide
Anti-Arrhythmia Agents
Cardiovascular Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Pharmacologic Actions
Antihypertensive Agents
Adrenergic beta-Antagonists
Adrenergic Antagonists
Adrenergic Agents
Neurotransmitter Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Vasodilator Agents
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Leprostatic Agents
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Angiogenesis Inhibitors

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on April 17, 2014