Study of Vorinostat (MK0683), an HDAC Inhibitor, in Combination With Bortezomib in Patients With Relapsed or Refractory Multiple Myeloma (0683-095 AMJ)
Study of vorinostat in combination with bortezomib in patients with relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma after at least 2 prior treatment regimens.
Histone deacetylases (HDAC) facilitate gene transcription by modulating the uncoiling of chromatin. HDAC function is dysregulated in hematologic and solid malignancies, and this dysregulation may result in over-expression of oncogenes. Thus, inhibition of HDACs may result in anti-cancer effects. HDAC inhibitors, like vorinostat, represent a new class of antitumor agents that have the ability to induce antiproliferative effects including cyto-differentiation, cell cycle growth arrest or apoptosis in various cancer cell lines. Several studies have investigated the in vitro antimyeloma activity of vorinostat in combination with bortezomib and have demonstrated that vorinostat may act synergistically with bortezomib to modulate tumor cell growth. Mitsiades et al have shown that vorinostat enhances the sensitivity of bortezomib. Pei et al found that exposure of human multiple myeloma cell lines & patient-derived multiple myeloma cells to bortezomib and vorinostat resulted in synergistic interactions as a result of: (1) Interruption of NF-kB & related signaling pathways (JNK, XIAP, Mcl-1, etc.) (2) Inhibition of Hsp90 (3) Induction of ER stress signal and (4) acetylation of Dynein/ disruption of aggresome function/formation, salvage for ubiquitinated proteins. In addition a marked increase in mitochondrial injury, caspase activation, and apoptosis was also observed.
Bortezomib is indicated for the treatment of patients with multiple myeloma. Two Phase I dose-ranging studies of a regimen combining vorinostat and bortezomib among patients with relapsed as well as end-stage, refractory multiple myeloma have been conducted. These studies enrolled a total of 57 patients. In these studies, administration of vorinostat with standard doses of bortezomib resulted in responses in 20/45 (44%) evaluable patients (Weber et al 2007, Badros et al 2007). The purpose of the present study is to definitively evaluate the clinical activity of vorinostat in combination with bortezomib in patients with multiple myeloma.
Based on the preliminary safety & efficacy presented by Weber et al and Badros et al at ASH 2007, this protocol will further evaluate the clinical activity of vorinostat in multiple myeloma.
Relapsed or Refractory Multiple Myeloma
Drug: vorinostat (HDAC inhibitor)
|Study Design:||Allocation: Non-Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||An International, Multicenter, Open-Label Study of Vorinostat (MK0683) in Combination With Bortezomib in Patients With Relapsed or Refractory Multiple Myeloma|
- Response rate associated with the administration of vorinostat in combination with bortezomib [ Time Frame: 21 days ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- Tolerability of vorinostat administered in combination with bortezomib [ Time Frame: 18 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
|Study Start Date:||December 2008|
|Study Completion Date:||April 2012|
|Primary Completion Date:||May 2011 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
vorinostat and bortezomib
Drug: vorinostat (HDAC inhibitor)
Four 100 mg vorinostat capsules once daily by mouth on days 1-14 of each 21 day treatment cycle. Up to 18 months of treatment.
Other Name: ZolinzaDrug: bortezomib
bortezomib 1.3 mg/m2 by IV on days 1, 4, 8, and 11 of each 21-day treatment cycle. Total treatment is up to 18 months.
Other Name: VelcadeDrug: dexamethasone
Five 4 mg Dexamethasone tablets by mouth on days 1, 2, 4, 5, 8, 9, 11, and 12 of each 21-day treatment cycle if disease progression is observed after 2 treatment cycles if no change to disease is observed after 4 treatment cycles .
The protocol has been amended to incorporate language to indicate the end of the study. The end of the study is designated as the time when the primary endpoint of 29 responders has been met, or the time when all patients have discontinued treatment or have been enrolled in the study for at least 6 months (if the primary endpoint is not reached by this time). Patients will be allowed to continue on protocol as long as they have not met the criteria for discontinuation.