Characterization of WAGR Syndrome and Other Chromosome 11 Gene Deletions

This study is currently recruiting participants. (see Contacts and Locations)
Verified March 2014 by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00758108
First received: September 20, 2008
Last updated: June 10, 2014
Last verified: March 2014
  Purpose

This study will explore conditions caused by the absence of certain genes on chromosome 11. These conditions include WAGR syndrome, which is characterized by a kidney tumor called Wilm s tumor, aniridia (absence of the iris of the eye), genital and urinary abnormalities, mental retardation, and possibly other symptoms. This study will examine how the genes on chromosome 11 affect people and whether the absence of specific genes is associated with specific symptoms.

Healthy normal volunteers, people with isolated aniridia, and people with WAGR or another chromosome 11 gene deletion may be eligible for this study. Participants must be at least 6 years old. Parents of patients may also participate for genetic studies.

Participants undergo some or all of the following procedures, depending on whether they are a child, adult, healthy volunteer or parent of a patient:

  • Medical history and physical examination, eye examination, blood, urine and saliva tests, electrocardiogram (EKG) and electroencephalogram (EEG)
  • X-rays, scans and other tests to measure body composition (fat, muscle and bone development and thickness) and MRI to examine the eyes and the brain and to measure abdominal fat
  • Ultrasound studies of the kidneys, ovaries and uterus (in females) and testes (in males)
  • Meal tests, food diaries and food preference tests
  • Questionnaires about eating and sleep habits, personality and character traits and responses to pain and injury
  • Neuropsychological tests
  • Tests of resting metabolic rate, energy expenditure and glucose (sugar) tolerance
  • Hot and cold sensitivity tests, vibration sensitivity test, cold tolerance test and smell identification test
  • Eye and hearing tests
  • Nerve conduction studies and study of sensory information conduction from peripheral nerves to the spinal cord and brain
  • Computer photography
  • Evaluation by sub-specialists (e.g., endocrinologist, ophthalmologist, physiatrist, neurologist or others) as indicated by the patient s medical history and test results

Condition
WAGR Syndrome
Wilm's Tumor
Aniridia
Urogenital Abnormalities
Mental Retardation

Study Type: Observational
Official Title: WAGR Syndrome and Other 11p Contiguous Gene Deletions: Clinical Characterization and Correlation With Genotype

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):

Estimated Enrollment: 375
Study Start Date: September 2008
Detailed Description:

WAGR syndrome is a rare genetic disorder characterized by Wilms tumor, aniridia, genitourinary anomalies and mental retardation. The syndrome is caused by heterozygous contiguous gene deletions of variable size on chromosome 11, involving a region that encompasses more than 100 genes, many of which have unknown function in humans. In our preliminary studies, we have observed that approximately two-thirds of patients with WAGR syndrome have deletion of the gene which encodes brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), and that BDNF haploinsufficiency is associated with obesity and with parent reports of hyperphagia and impaired nociception, suggesting that BDNF may play an important role in human energy balance as well as pain sensation. We now propose to conduct a comprehensive clinical phenotype-genotype study on patients with WAGR syndrome and other 11p deletions. We plan to enroll 75 subjects with WAGR syndrome/11p deletions who will undergo evaluations of the following systems: metabolic/endocrine, sensation/nociception, ophthalmologic, audiologic, neurocognitive, renal/genitourinary, oncologic, dental/craniofacial, cardiac, and orthopedic. Genetic testing will be performed on the parents of subjects with WAGR syndrome/11p deletion who choose to participate in order to determine if parental origin of the deletion influences phenotype. We also plan to enroll 75 healthy subjects as body-size matched controls for metabolic studies and 75 patients with isolated aniridia as visually impaired controls for neurocognitive studies. We hypothesize that a more complete understanding of the correlation between phenotype and genotype could lead to improved medical care of these patients through genotype-specific management as well as yield further insight into the physiological role of genes in the 11p region.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   2 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria
  • INCLUSION CRITERIA:

For WAGR/11p deletion subjects:

  1. Diagnosis of WAGR/11p deletion confirmed by prior genetic testing or clinical history consistent with WAGR syndrome (Wilms Tumor and/or genitourinary anomalies plus aniridia). Genetic diagnosis will be confirmed at the NIH, if not done previously
  2. Age greater than or equal to 2 years old (Subjects age 2-6y will only have an outpatient evaluation, one 60 mL (or 5 mL/kg if weight < 12 kg) blood draw, eye examination, and cognitive, behavioral, and psychiatric assessment performed; subjects age 6y and older will participate in full protocol)
  3. Medically stable (so that the patient can safely undergo planned testing); if history of Wilms tumor, must be > 6 months since completion of chemotherapy and must be considered in remission by primary oncologist caring for the patient

For parents of WAGR/11p deletion subjects:

a)Biological parent of child with WAGR/11p deletion able to give consent for self participation

For healthy control subjects:

  1. Age greater than or eqaul to 2 years old (Subjects age 2-6y will only have an outpatient evaluation, one 60 mL (or 5 mL/kg if weight < 12 kg) blood draw, and cognitive, behavioral, and psychiatric assessment performed; subjects age 6y and older will participate in full protocol)
  2. No chronic medications. Use of as-needed and over-the-counter medications will be reviewed on a case-by-case basis by the Principal Investigator
  3. No chronic medical or psychiatric conditions anticipated to affect results or impede study participation

For aniridia subjects:

  1. Diagnosis of aniridia confirmed by ophthalmologist
  2. Age greater than or eqaul to 2 years old (Subjects age 2-6y will only have an outpatient evaluation, one 60 mL (or 5 mL/kg if weight < 12 kg) blood draw, eye examination, and cognitive, behavioral, and psychiatric assessment performed; subjects age 6y and older will participate in full protocol)
  3. Medically stable, with no chronic medical or psychiatric conditions anticipated to affect results or impede study participation

EXCLUSION CRITERIA:

For WAGR/11p deletion subjects:

  1. Anorexiant use in preceding 6 months
  2. Greater than 2% body weight loss in preceding 6 months
  3. Pregnancy
  4. Individuals who have, or whose parent or guardians have, current substance abuse or a psychiatric disorder or other condition which, in the opinion of the investigators, would impede competence or compliance or possibly hinder completion of the study

For parents of WAGR/11p deletion subjects:

a) No exclusions other than lack of ability to give consent for participation

For healthy control subjects:

  1. Anorexiant use in preceding 6 months
  2. Greater than 2% body weight loss in preceding 6 months
  3. Pregnancy
  4. Individuals who have, or whose parent or guardians have, current substance abuse or a psychiatric disorder or other condition which, in the opinion of the investigators, would impede competence or compliance or possibly hinder completion of the study

For aniridia subjects:

  1. Anorexiant use in preceding 6 months
  2. Greater than 2% body weight loss in preceding 6 months
  3. Pregnancy
  4. Individuals who have, or whose parent or guardians have, current substance abuse or a psychiatric disorder or other condition which, in the opinion of the investigators, would impede competence or compliance or possibly hinder completion of the study
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00758108

Contacts
Contact: Alyson E Hanish, R.N. (301) 594-3551 hanishae@mail.nih.gov
Contact: Jack A Yanovski, M.D. (301) 496-0858 jy15i@nih.gov

Locations
United States, Maryland
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center, 9000 Rockville Pike Recruiting
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892
Contact: For more information at the NIH Clinical Center contact Patient Recruitment and Public Liaison Office (PRPL)    800-411-1222 ext TTY8664111010    prpl@mail.cc.nih.gov   
Sponsors and Collaborators
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Jack A Yanovski, M.D. Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD)
  More Information

Additional Information:
Publications:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00758108     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 080213, 08-CH-0213
Study First Received: September 20, 2008
Last Updated: June 10, 2014
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):
Mental Retardation
Genotype/Phenotype Correlation
Energy Homeostasis
Nociception
Obesity
Behavior and Neurocognition
WAGR Syndrome
Wilm's Tumor
Aniridia
Urogenital Abnormalities
Healthy Volunteer

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Mental Retardation
Congenital Abnormalities
Aniridia
Wilms Tumor
Urogenital Abnormalities
WAGR Syndrome
Eye Abnormalities
Eye Diseases
Eye Diseases, Hereditary
Iris Diseases
Uveal Diseases
Genetic Diseases, Inborn
Neurobehavioral Manifestations
Neurologic Manifestations
Nervous System Diseases
Signs and Symptoms
Mental Disorders Diagnosed in Childhood
Mental Disorders
Neoplasms, Complex and Mixed
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Kidney Neoplasms
Urologic Neoplasms
Urogenital Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplastic Syndromes, Hereditary
Kidney Diseases
Urologic Diseases
46, XY Disorders of Sex Development
Disorders of Sex Development

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on July 08, 2014