A Randomized Phase 2 Pharmacokinetic Trial of Chemotherapy With or Without Panitumumab in Patients With Metastatic and/or Recurrent Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Head and Neck

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Takeda
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Amgen
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00756444
First received: September 18, 2008
Last updated: March 28, 2014
Last verified: March 2014
  Purpose

Study 20080008 was a PK sub-study to study 20050251[Japan 20050251A]. This PK protocol was amended 20-March-2009 and is now a Phase 2 stand alone study. There are no sites participating in the U.S.

This study is designed to estimate the effect of panitumumab on the PK of cisplatin and 5-FU in subjects receiving cisplatin and 5-FU with or without panitumumab.

To maximize any potential effect of panitumumab on the PK of cisplatin and 5-FU, the collection of PK samples of cisplatin and 5-FU will be taken during cycle 2 of the study, the point at which the PK of panitumumab is expected to be at steady-state after a dose of 9 mg/kg given every 3 weeks.


Condition Intervention Phase
Squamous Cell Carcinoma of Head and Neck
Drug: Panitumumab
Drug: Cisplatin
Drug: 5FU
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Randomized Phase 2 Pharmacokinetic Trial of Chemotherapy With or Without Panitumumab in Patients With Metastatic and/or Recurrent Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Head and Neck (Amended Version 20-March-2009)

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Amgen:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Area Under the Curve (AUC) of Total Plasma Cisplatin-derived Platinum Levels With and Without the Presence of Panitumumab [ Time Frame: Levels measured at 0.5, 1, 2, 3, 4, 6 and 24 hours following start of cycle 2 cisplatin infusion ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    AUC refers to area under the concentration curve from time 0 to last measurable concentration. AUC of total plasma cisplatin-derived platinum levels is estimated both for subjects receiving cisplatin with panitumumab and for subjects receiving cisplatin without panitumumab.

  • Steady-state Plasma Concentrations (Css) for 5-FU With and Without the Presence of Panitumumab [ Time Frame: 24 to 96 hours following start of cycle 2 infusion with 5-FU ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Steady-state plasma concentrations (Css) of 5-FU were estimated as the mean of two or more evaluable concentrations at 24, 72, and 96 hours after the start of 5-FU infusion. Css is estimated both for subjects receiving 5-FU with panitumumab and for subjects receiving 5-FU without panitumumab


Enrollment: 67
Study Start Date: October 2008
Study Completion Date: May 2012
Primary Completion Date: May 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: Panitumumab plus Chemotherapy
Subjects receiving cisplatin and 5/FU and receiving Panitumumab who have with Metastatic and/or Recurrent Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Head and Neck
Drug: Panitumumab
This is a PK study comparing Panitumumab plus Chemotherapy to Chemotherapy alone
Active Comparator: Chemotherapy Alone
Subjects receiving cisplatin and 5/FU and not receiving Panitumumab who have with Metastatic and/or Recurrent Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Head and Neck
Drug: Cisplatin
This is a PK study comparing Panitumumab plus Chemotherapy to Chemotherapy alone
Drug: 5FU
This is a PK study comparing Panitumumab plus Chemotherapy to Chemotherapy alone

Detailed Description:

Study Phase: 2 Indication: Metastatic and/or Recurrent Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Head and Neck Primary Objective: To estimate the effect of administration of 9 mg/kg Q3W of panitumumab on the area under the curve (AUC) of total plasma cisplatin-derived platinum levels and the average concentration at steady state (Css) of 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) in subjects who are receiving cisplatin and 5-FU.

Secondary Objective(s): To estimate the effect of administration of 9 mg/kg Q3W of panitumumab on the maximum concentration (Cmax) of total plasma cisplatin-derived platinum levels, AUC and Cmax of free plasma cisplatin-derived platinum in subjects who are receiving cisplatin and 5-FU.

Hypotheses: This is an estimation sub-study rather than formal hypothesis testing, the following will be estimated:

  1. The effect of administration of 9 mg/kg Q3W of panitumumab at steady state on the pharmacokinetics of cisplatin will be estimated based on the ratio for AUC with:without panitumumab of total plasma cisplatin-derived platinum levels. Total plasma cisplatin-derived platinum levels will be the focus since it has been shown in the literature that there are correlations between total plasma cisplatin-derived platinum levels and nephrotoxicity and tumor response (Desoize et al, 1991).
  2. The effect of administration of 9 mg/kg Q3W of panitumumab at steady state on the pharmacokinetics of 5-FU assessed based on the average concentration at steady state (Css) of 5-FU.

Study Design: Study 20080008 is a PK study.

This study is designed to estimate the effect of panitumumab on the PK of cisplatin and 5-FU in subjects receiving cisplatin and 5-FU with or without panitumumab.

To maximize any potential effect of panitumumab on the PK of cisplatin and 5-FU, the collection of PK samples of cisplatin and 5-FU will be taken during cycle 2 of the study, the point at which the PK of panitumumab is expected to be at steady-state after a dose of 9 mg/kg given every 3 weeks.

Primary and Secondary Endpoints: The primary endpoints for this study are the ratio of geometric means (with:without panitumumab) for AUC of total plasma cisplatin-derived platinum and average concentration at steady sate (Css) of 5-FU measured at cycle 2 at which time panitumumab levels are anticipated to be at steady state. Secondary endpoints are the ratio of geometric means (with:without panitumumab) for 1) Cmax of total plasma cisplatin-derived platinum and 2) Cmax and AUC of free plasma cisplatin-derived platinum measured at cycle 2.

Sample Size: Approximately 45 subjects will participate in Study 20080008. At least fifteen evaluable subjects (defined as providing sufficient PK samples to permit calculation of AUC for total plasma cisplatin-derived platinum and average concentration at steady state for 5-FU in cycle 2) per arm will be required. Additional subjects will be sequentially included until at least fifteen evaluable subjects per arm are achieved. It is therefore estimated that approximately 45 subjects will need to participate in the study to obtain 30 evauable subjects.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Histologically or cytologically confirmed squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (SCCHN) or its variants (eg, basaloid squamous cell carcinoma and adenosquamous cell carcinoma) of the oral cavity, oropharynx, hypopharynx, or larynx
  • Diagnosis of metastatic disease and/or recurrent disease following locoregional therapy and determined to be incurable by surgery or radiotherapy
  • Subjects who have received radiation as primary therapy are eligible if locoregional recurrence is in the field of radiation and has occurred ≥6 months after the completion of radiation therapy. Subjects whose locoregional recurrence is solely outside the field of radiation are eligible if the recurrence has occurred ≥ 3 months after the completion of radiation therapy.
  • Measurable or non measurable disease. Target lesions must not be chosen from a previously irradiated field unless there has been radiographically and/or pathologically documented tumor progression in that lesion prior to randomization.
  • Eastern cooperative oncology group (ECOG) performance status of 0 or 1
  • Man or woman ≥ 18 years of age
  • Hematological function, as follows (≤ 10 days prior to randomization):

Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥1.5 x 109/L Platelet count ≥ 100 x 109/L Hemoglobin ≥ 9 g/dL - Renal function, as follows (≤ 10 days prior to randomization):

Creatinine clearance (CrCl) ≥ 50 mL/min calculated by the Cockcroft Gault method as follows:

Male creatinine clearance = (140 age) x (weight in Kg) / (serum Cr x 72) Female creatinine clearance = (140 age) x (weight in Kg) x 0.85 / (serum Cr x 72)

- Hepatic function, as follows (≤ 10 days prior to randomization): Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) ≤ 3 x upper limit of normal (ULN) (≤ 5 x ULN if liver metastases) Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) ≤ 3 x ULN (≤ 5 x ULN if liver metastases) Total bilirubin ≤ 1.5 x ULN

- Electrolytes, as follows (≤ 10 days prior to randomization): Magnesium ≥ lower limit of normal (LLN)

- Negative pregnancy test ≤ 72 hours prior to randomization (females of childbearing potential only)

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Documented or symptomatic central nervous system metastases
  • History of another primary cancer, except:

Curatively treated in situ cervical cancer, or Curatively resected non melanoma skin cancer, or Other primary solid tumor curatively treated with no known active disease present and no treatment administered for ≥ 2 years prior to randomization

  • Subjects whose only site of metastatic disease is a single spiculated lung nodule are assumed to have a second lung primary and are excluded unless there is unequivocal pathological confirmation of metastasis of the SCCHN primary
  • Nasopharyngeal carcinoma
  • Prior systemic treatment for metastatic and/or recurrent SCCHN Subjects with recurrent disease may have received re irradiation; however subjects who received chemotherapy concomitantly with re irradiation are excluded
  • Prior systemic chemotherapy for SCCHN as part of the initial multimodality treatment for locally advanced disease if completed < 6 months prior to randomization
  • Prior cisplatin containing induction chemotherapy followed by cisplatin containing chemoradiotherapy
  • Prior anti EGFr antibody therapy (eg, cetuximab) or treatment with small molecule EGFr inhibitors (eg, gefitinib, erlotinib, lapatinib)
  • Subjects requiring immunosuppressive agents (eg, methotrexate and cyclosporine), however corticosteroids are allowed
  • Known allergy or hypersensitivity to any component of the study drugs
  • Major surgery requiring general anesthesia and a significant incision (ie, larger than what is required for placement of central venous access, percutaneous feeding tube, or biopsy) ≤ 28 days or minor surgery (excluding central venous catheter placement, percutaneous feeding tube, and biopsy) ≤ 14 days prior to randomization. Subjects must have recovered from surgery related toxicities.
  • Clinically significant cardiovascular disease (including myocardial infarction, unstable angina, symptomatic congestive heart failure, serious uncontrolled cardiac arrhythmia) ≤ 1 year prior to randomization
  • History of interstitial lung disease eg, pneumonitis or pulmonary fibrosis or evidence of interstitial lung disease on baseline chest computerized tomography (CT) scan
  • Symptomatic peripheral neuropathy grade ≥ 2 based on the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) v3.0
  • Grade ≥ 3 hearing loss based on the CTCAE v3.0 Auditory/Ear (Hearing [without monitoring program])
  • Subjects not recovered from all previous acute radiotherapy related toxicities
  • Active infection requiring systemic treatment or any uncontrolled infection ≤ 14 days prior to randomization
  • Known positive test for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, hepatitis C virus, chronic hepatitis B infection (testing is not required in the absence of clinical suspicion)
  • Any co morbid condition that would increase risk of toxicity (eg, suspected or confirmed dihydropyrimidine deficiency)
  • Other investigational procedures are excluded
  • Subject currently is enrolled in or ≤ 30 days since ending other investigational device or drug study(s), or subject is receiving other investigational agents(s)
  • Subject who is pregnant or breast feeding
  • Man or woman of child bearing potential not consenting to use adequate contraceptive precautions ie, double barrier contraceptive methods (eg, diaphragm plus condom) during the course of the study and for 6 months after the last investigational product(s) administration for women, and 1 month for men
  • Subject unwilling or unable to comply with study requirements
  • Previously randomized into this study or Amgen study 20050251
  • Subject has any kind of disorder that compromises the ability of the subject to give written informed consent and/or to comply with study procedures
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00756444

Sponsors and Collaborators
Amgen
Takeda
Investigators
Study Director: MD Amgen
  More Information

Additional Information:
No publications provided

Responsible Party: Amgen
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00756444     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 20080008
Study First Received: September 18, 2008
Results First Received: October 23, 2013
Last Updated: March 28, 2014
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration
Japan: Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare

Keywords provided by Amgen:
PK Study, Metastatic Recurrent

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Carcinoma
Carcinoma, Squamous Cell
Head and Neck Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Squamous Cell
Neoplasms by Site
Cisplatin
Antibodies, Monoclonal
Antineoplastic Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Pharmacologic Actions
Radiation-Sensitizing Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on August 27, 2014