Efficacy and Safety of High-dose Interferon Alfa-2b (Intron A®) for the Adjuvant Treatment of Malignant Melanoma (Study P04083AM1)(COMPLETED)
The aim of this observational study is to document the efficacy and tolerability of high-dose interferon therapy in adult participants with malignant melanoma at high risk of relapse and to compare them with the survival times and relapse rates in previous studies (historical control).
|Study Design:||Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
|Official Title:||Efficacy and Safety of High-dose Treatment With the Immunomodulator Interferon-α-2b (Intron A®) for the Adjuvant Treatment of Malignant Melanoma.|
- Number of Participants With Disease Recurrence [ Time Frame: Throughout 12 months of treatment and 24 months of follow-up ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Number of participants with disease recurrence was being measured.
- Relapse Free Survival Time [ Time Frame: Throughout 12 months of treatment and 24 months of follow-up ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Median time to recurrence according to Kaplan Maier evaluation
|Study Start Date:||September 1996|
|Study Completion Date:||September 2009|
|Primary Completion Date:||September 2009 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Adults with malignant melanoma at high risk of relapse
Adults with malignant melanoma of the following stages:
Biological: Interferon α-2b
20 mio IU/m² interferon-α-2b 5x/week intravenously (IV) over the course of 1 month, followed by 10 mio IU/m² interferon-α-2b 3x/week subcutaneously (SC) for 11 months.
Other Name: Intron A
Observational study to evaluate the tolerability and efficacy (vs historical controls) of a high-dose therapy scheme with interferon-α-2b (IntronA®):
Adjuvant treatment with interferon-α-2 has been demonstrated in a number of studies to have an antiproliferative effect on malignant melanoma. In these cases a response rate of up to 20% could be achieved with a dose of 10 million IU or more 3x/week or daily. Kirkwood et al. showed in a study carried out in ECOG (the Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group, study no. 1684) that there was a clear and significant survival advantage versus the observation group with the following dose:
20 mio IU/m² interferon-α-2b (IntronA®) 5x/week iv over the course of one month followed by 11 months with 10 mio IU/m² 3x/week sc.