The Effects of the Swiss Ball on Cerebral Vascular Accident
The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of the Swiss ball on patients with hemiplegia due to CVA.
|Study Design:||Primary Purpose: Treatment|
|Official Title:||The Effects of the Swiss Ball on Patients With Hemiplegia Due to Cerebral Vascular Accident|
The Cerebral Vascular Accident (CVA) is a neurological deficit, which may be transitory or definite, leading to motor, psychological and social alterations. It's the third cause of death in the industrialized world, of which 90% of the survivors have some residual deficit and 30% become disabled. The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of the Swiss ball on patients with hemiplegia due to CVA. An intervening and controlled study was conducted on 12 patients of both genders and over 50 years old with chronic hemiplegia, all undergoing treatment at the Beneficent Rehabilitation Association of Ceará. The patients in the experimental group (EG) underwent treatment with the Swiss ball added to conventional physical therapy and the control group (CG) went through conventional physiotherapy sessions. The treatment was done twice a week, consisting of 14 sessions altogether. The data were collected in an evaluation form at the beginning and at the end of the treatment. Most patients were found to be males; they had typical walking ability, tonus, and posture of chronic hemiplegia patients. The patients in the experimental group showed significantly greater muscular strength on the lower limbs than the control group (p < 0,05, Student t test), however, the same did not happen in the case of the other parameters, such as strength on the upper limbs, coordination, and balance. We can conclude that the treatment with the Swiss ball can promote increased strength, which will allow for a more efficient recovery in the studied population.