Donor Umbilical Cord Blood Transplant in Treating Patients With Advanced Hematological Cancer or Other Disease

This study has been terminated.
(A new protocol was developed to replace this protocol in 2008, with removal of ATG and extension of MMF duration.)
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00719849
First received: July 19, 2008
Last updated: February 18, 2014
Last verified: February 2014
  Purpose

RATIONALE: Giving low doses of chemotherapy and total-body irradiation before a donor umbilical cord blood transplant helps stop the growth of cancer or abnormal cells. It may also stop the patient's immune system from rejecting the donor's stem cells. The donated stem cells may replace the patient's immune cells and help destroy any remaining cancer cells (graft-versus-tumor effect). Sometimes the transplanted cells from a donor can also make an immune response against the body's normal cells. Giving cyclosporine and mycophenolate mofetil before and after transplant may stop this from happening.

PURPOSE: This phase II trial is studying how well donor umbilical cord blood transplant with reduced intensity conditioning works in treating patients with advanced hematological cancer or other disease.


Condition Intervention Phase
Leukemia
Lymphoma
Multiple Myeloma and Plasma Cell Neoplasm
Myelodysplastic Syndromes
Myelodysplastic/Myeloproliferative Diseases
Biological: anti-thymocyte globulin
Drug: cyclophosphamide
Drug: cyclosporine
Drug: fludarabine phosphate
Drug: mycophenolate mofetil
Procedure: umbilical cord blood transplantation
Radiation: total body irradiation
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Transplantation of Unrelated Donor Umbilical Cord Blood in Patients With Hematological Malignancies Using a Non-Myeloablative Preparative Regimen

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Probability of survival at 1 year [ Time Frame: 1 year ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Probability of survival at 2 years [ Time Frame: 2 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Incidence of non-relapse mortality at 6 months [ Time Frame: 6 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Chimerism at days 7, 14, 21, 28, 56, and 80, at 6 months, and at 1 and 2 years [ Time Frame: 7 days, 14 days, 21 days, 28 days, 56 days, and 80 days, 6 months, 1 and 2 years. All time points are measured post-transplant. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Incidence of neutrophil engraftment at day 42 [ Time Frame: Day 42 post transplant ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Incidence of platelet engraftment at 6 months [ Time Frame: 6 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Incidence of acute graft-versus-host-disease (GVHD) at day 100 and extensive chronic GVHD at 1 year [ Time Frame: Day 100 post transplant and 1 year ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Incidence of clinically significant infections at 6 months and at 1 and 2 years [ Time Frame: 6 mos, 1 and 2 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Probability of progression-free survival at 1 and 2 years [ Time Frame: 1 and 2 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Incidence of relapse at 1 and 2 years [ Time Frame: 1 and 2 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Enrollment: 13
Study Start Date: November 2005
Study Completion Date: December 2009
Primary Completion Date: November 2008 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Cyclophosphamide/Fludarabine/TBI

Subjects with hematological malignancies with prior autologous transplant, >2 cycles of multiagent chemotherapy, or severely immune suppressive therapy in last 3 months.

Refractory leukemia and lymphoma in aplasia after induction chemotherapy or radioimmunoconjugated monoclonal antibody therapy.

Drug: cyclophosphamide
50 mg/Kg Day -6
Drug: cyclosporine
Patients will receive cyclosporine A (CSA) therapy beginning on Day -3 maintaining a trough level between 250 and 500 ng/mL. For adults the initial dose will be 2.5 mg/kg IV over 1 hour every 12 hours. For children < 40 kg the initial dose will be 2.5 mg/kg IV over 1 hour every 8 hours.
Drug: fludarabine phosphate
40mg/m2 Days -6 to -2
Drug: mycophenolate mofetil
1 gram every 8 hours for patients who are ≥ 40 kg. Pediatric patients (<40 kilograms) will receive MMF at the dose of 15 mg/kg/dose every 8 hours. Stop MMF at Day +30 or 7 days after engraftment, whichever day is later, if no acute GVHD.
Procedure: umbilical cord blood transplantation
Single or double unit umbilical cord blood transplant
Radiation: total body irradiation
200 cGy Day -1
Experimental: Cyclophosphamide/Fludarabine/TBI/ATG
Subjects with hematological malignancies with prior autologous transplant >12 mos or <1 cycle of multiagent chemotherapy or NO immune suppressive chemotherapy in last 3 months
Biological: anti-thymocyte globulin
30mg/Kg Days -6 to -4
Drug: cyclophosphamide
50 mg/Kg Day -6
Drug: cyclosporine
Patients will receive cyclosporine A (CSA) therapy beginning on Day -3 maintaining a trough level between 250 and 500 ng/mL. For adults the initial dose will be 2.5 mg/kg IV over 1 hour every 12 hours. For children < 40 kg the initial dose will be 2.5 mg/kg IV over 1 hour every 8 hours.
Drug: fludarabine phosphate
40mg/m2 Days -6 to -2
Drug: mycophenolate mofetil
1 gram every 8 hours for patients who are ≥ 40 kg. Pediatric patients (<40 kilograms) will receive MMF at the dose of 15 mg/kg/dose every 8 hours. Stop MMF at Day +30 or 7 days after engraftment, whichever day is later, if no acute GVHD.
Procedure: umbilical cord blood transplantation
Single or double unit umbilical cord blood transplant
Radiation: total body irradiation
200 cGy Day -1

Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES:

Primary

  • To estimate the probability of survival at 1 year in patients with advanced hematological malignancies or other diseases treated with non-myeloablative unrelated donor umbilical cord blood transplantation.

Secondary

  • Six month non-relapse mortality.
  • Chimerism at days 7, 14, 21, 28, 56, and 80, at 6 months, and at 1 and 2 years.
  • To determine the incidence of neutrophil engraftment at day 42.
  • To determine the incidence of platelet engraftment at 6 months.
  • To determine the incidence of grade II-IV and III-IV acute graft-versus-host-disease (GVHD) at day 100.
  • To determine the incidence of chronic GVHD at 1 year.
  • To determine the incidence of clinically significant infections at 6 months and at 1 and 2 years.
  • To determine the probability of progression-free survival at 1 and 2 years.
  • To determine the probability of survival at 2 years.
  • To determine the incidence of relapse or disease progression at 1 and 2 years.

OUTLINE: Patients are stratified according to disease status and prior therapy (hematologic malignancy or other disease that was treated with an autologous stem cell transplant or ≥ 2 courses of multiagent chemotherapy within the past 3 months vs hematologic malignancy or other disease that was treated with an autologous stem cell transplant > 12 months ago or with ≤ 1 course of multiagent chemotherapy or immunosuppressive chemotherapy within the past 3 months vs refractory leukemia or lymphoma for which patient was rendered aplastic either by induction chemotherapy or radioimmunoconjugated monoclonal antibody therapy).

  • Conditioning regimen: Patients receive fludarabine phosphate IV over 1 hour on days -6 to -2 and cyclophosphamide IV on day -6. Patients also undergo total body irradiation on day -1. Some patients also receive anti-thymocyte globulin IV on days -6 to -4.
  • Umbilical cord blood transplantation (UCBT): Patients undergo UCBT on day 0.
  • Immunosuppressive therapy (graft-versus-host disease prophylaxis): Patients receive cyclosporine IV over 1 hour or orally (as tolerated) every 8 or 12 hours beginning on day -3 and continuing for approximately 6 months. Patients also receive mycophenolate mofetil IV every 8 hours on days -3 to 5 and then orally on days 6-30.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed at 6 months and then annually thereafter.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   up to 69 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS:

  • Diagnosis of advanced hematologic malignancy or other disease not curable by conventional chemotherapy, including any of the following:

    • Acute myeloid leukemia in complete remission (CR)* (as defined by hematologic recovery, < 5% blasts in the bone marrow by morphology, and a cellularity of > 15%), meeting one of the following criteria:

      • In first complete remission (CR1) AND has high-risk disease as evidenced by any of the following:

        • Preceding myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS)
        • High-risk cytogenetics (e.g., monosomy 5 or 7, or as defined by referring institution treatment protocol)
        • Required > 2 courses of therapy to obtain CR
        • Erythroblastic or megakaryocytic leukemia
      • In second CR (CR2) or beyond
    • Acute lymphoblastic leukemia in CR* (as defined by hematologic recovery, < 5% blasts in the bone marrow by morphology, and a cellularity of > 15%), meeting one of the following criteria:

      • In CR1 AND has high-risk disease as evidenced by any of the following:

        • t(9;22), t(1;19), t(4;11), or other MLL rearrangements
        • Hyplodiploid
        • Required > 1 course of therapy to obtain CR
      • Beyond CR2
    • Chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML)

      • All types are allowed (except refractory blast crisis CML)
      • Patients in chronic phase CML must have failed or been intolerant to prior imatinib mesylate (Gleevec) or other tyrosine kinase inhibitors
    • MDS

      • Any subtype allowed (including refractory anemia [RA])
      • Severe pancytopenia or complex cytogenetics
      • Blasts must be < 5% (if blasts are ≥ 5%, pre-transplant induction therapy is required to reduce blast count to < 5%)
    • Large cell lymphoma, Hodgkin lymphoma, or multiple myeloma, meeting one of the following criteria:

      • Chemotherapy-sensitive disease that has failed prior therapy

        • Patients with large cell lymphoma or Hodgkin lymphoma must not have progressive disease during salvage therapy (stable disease allowed provided it is non-bulky)
      • Ineligible for an autologous stem cell transplant
    • Chronic lymphocytic leukemia/small lymphocytic lymphoma (CLL/SLL), marginal zone B-cell lymphoma, or follicular lymphoma that has progressed after ≥ 2 prior therapies

      • Patients with bulky disease should be considered for debulking chemotherapy prior to transplant
      • Patients with refractory disease are eligible provided disease is non-bulky AND an estimated tumor doubling time is ≥ 1 month
    • Lymphoplasmacytic lymphoma, mantle cell lymphoma, or prolymphocytic leukemia

      • Chemotherapy-sensitive disease that was previously treated with initial therapy

        • Patients with mantle cell lymphoma must not have progressive disease during salvage therapy (stable disease allowed provided it is non-bulky)
    • Mycosis fungoides and Sezary syndrome
    • Bone marrow failure syndromes, except for Fanconi anemia
    • Myeloproliferative syndromes NOTE: *Patients for whom adequate marrow/biopsy specimens can not be obtained to determine remission status by morphologic assessment must have fulfilled criteria of remission (< 5% blasts by flow cytometry and recovery of peripheral blood counts with no circulating blasts)
  • Ineligible for autologous stem cell transplant due to any of the following:

    • Prior autologous stem cell transplant
    • Inadequate autologous stem cell harvest
    • Inability to withstand a myeloablative preparative regimen
    • Clinically aggressive/high-risk disease
  • No evidence of progressive disease by imaging modalities or biopsy (persistent PET scan activity allowed provided there are no CT scan changes indicating progression)
  • Acute leukemia that is refractory, persistent, or relapsed (defined as > 5% blasts in normocellular bone marrow) allowed provided patient was rendered aplastic either by induction chemotherapy or radioimmunoconjugated monoclonal antibody therapy
  • Patients with stable disease are eligible provided the largest residual nodal mass is approximately < 5 cm (largest residual mass must represent a 50% reduction and be approximately < 7.5 cm for patients who have responded to prior therapy)
  • No active CNS malignancy
  • Umbilical cord blood (UCB) donor available

    • UCB graft matched at 4/6 HLA-A, -B, and -DRB1 antigens with the recipient

      • May include 0-2 antigen mismatches at the A, B, or DRB1 loci
      • Unit selection based on cryopreserved nucleated cell dose and HLA-A, -B, and -DRB1 using intermediate resolution A, B antigen and DRB1 allele typing
    • If 2 UCB units are required to reach the target cell dose, each unit must be a 3/6 HLA-A, -B, and -DRB1 antigen match to each other, as well as a 4/6 antigen match to the recipient
    • No 5-6/6 HLA-A, -B, and -DRB1 matched sibling donor available

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS:

  • Karnofsky performance status (PS) 60-100% OR Lansky PS 50-100%
  • Creatinine ≤ 2.0 mg/dL (adults) OR creatinine clearance > 40 mL/min (pediatrics)

    • Adult patients with a creatinine > 1.2 mg/dL or a history of renal dysfunction must have an estimated creatinine clearance of > 40 mL/min
  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Negative pregnancy test
  • LVEF ≥ 35%
  • DLCO > 30% predicted
  • No requirement for O_2
  • No decompensated congestive heart failure
  • No uncontrolled arrhythmia
  • None of the following liver diseases or conditions:

    • Fulminant liver failure
    • Cirrhosis with evidence of portal hypertension or bridging fibrosis
    • Alcoholic hepatitis
    • Esophageal varices
    • History of bleeding esophageal varices, hepatic encephalopathy, or correctable hepatic synthetic dysfunction as evidenced by prolongation of the prothrombin time
    • Ascites related to portal hypertension
    • Bacterial or fungal abscess
    • Biliary obstruction
    • Chronic viral hepatitis with total serum bilirubin > 3 mg/dL
    • Symptomatic biliary disease
  • Recent mold infection (e.g., Aspergillus) allowed provided patient received ≥ 30 days of appropriate treatment AND infection is controlled and cleared by Infectious Disease
  • No evidence of HIV infection or known HIV-positive serology
  • No uncontrolled viral or bacterial infection

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY:

  • See Disease Characteristics
  • At least 3 months since prior myeloablative stem cell transplantation
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00719849

Locations
United States, Washington
Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center
Seattle, Washington, United States, 98109
Sponsors and Collaborators
Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Colleen Delaney, MD, MSC Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00719849     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 2012.00, FHCRC-2012.00, CDR0000597623, T32CA009515
Study First Received: July 19, 2008
Last Updated: February 18, 2014
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center:
chronic myelogenous leukemia
acute lymphoblastic leukemia
acute myeloid leukemia
atypical chronic myeloid leukemia
chronic myelomonocytic leukemia
anaplastic large cell lymphoma
splenic marginal zone lymphoma
nodal marginal zone B-cell lymphoma
recurrent adult Hodgkin lymphoma
recurrent adult diffuse large cell lymphoma
recurrent adult immunoblastic large cell lymphoma
recurrent childhood large cell lymphoma
recurrent mycosis fungoides/Sezary syndrome
recurrent grade 1 follicular lymphoma
recurrent grade 2 follicular lymphoma
recurrent grade 3 follicular lymphoma
recurrent mantle cell lymphoma
recurrent marginal zone lymphoma
recurrent small lymphocytic lymphoma
recurrent/refractory childhood Hodgkin lymphoma
childhood diffuse large cell lymphoma
childhood immunoblastic large cell lymphoma
refractory multiple myeloma
de novo myelodysplastic syndromes
previously treated myelodysplastic syndromes
secondary myelodysplastic syndromes
myelodysplastic/myeloproliferative disease
childhood myelodysplastic syndromes
recurrent childhood anaplastic large cell lymphoma
refractory anemia

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Multiple Myeloma
Neoplasms, Plasma Cell
Myelodysplastic Syndromes
Preleukemia
Lymphoma
Leukemia
Syndrome
Plasmacytoma
Myeloproliferative Disorders
Myelodysplastic-Myeloproliferative Diseases
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Hemostatic Disorders
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Paraproteinemias
Blood Protein Disorders
Hematologic Diseases
Hemorrhagic Disorders
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Immune System Diseases
Bone Marrow Diseases
Precancerous Conditions
Lymphatic Diseases
Disease
Pathologic Processes
Cyclophosphamide
Cyclosporins
Cyclosporine

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on September 18, 2014