Ibuprofen Extended-Release Dental Pain Study

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
AAIPharma
Jean Brown Research
Information provided by:
SCOLR Pharma, Inc.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00707057
First received: June 26, 2008
Last updated: March 22, 2011
Last verified: March 2011
  Purpose

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of multiple doses of Ibuprofen 600 mg Extended-Release Tablets in a study of dental pain following extraction of third molar teeth.


Condition Intervention Phase
Pain
Post-Operative Pain
Third Molar Extraction
Drug: Ibuprofen 600 mg Extended-Release Tablets
Drug: Placebo
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Ibuprofen 600 mg Extended-Release (ER) Multiple-Dose Dental Pain Study

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by SCOLR Pharma, Inc.:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Analgesic Efficacy, as Measured by the Sum of Pain Intensity Differences (SPID) Scale [ Time Frame: from baseline to 12 hours after dose 1 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

    Analgesic efficacy for the 8-12 hour measurement interval after dose 1 using Sum of Pain Intensity Differences (SPID).

    An 11-point Pain Intensity Numerical Rating Scale (PI-NRS) was used to record pain intensity at baseline and 8, 9, 10, 11, 12 hours after dose 1. The scale went from 0 (no pain) to 10 (Worst possible pain). The outcome measure is based a mean of the sum of each of the five time points evaluated. The total time scale ranges from 0 to 50. Subjects were asked to select the number that best describes how much pain they had at the time of observation.


  • Durability of Effect as Measured by the Number of Subjects Achieving Meaningful Improvement in Pain Intensity Difference (PID) From Baseline at All Three Assessment Periods of 24, 36, and 48 Hours [ Time Frame: 24, 36, and 48 hours ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Response rate measured the durability of effect and was measured by the number of subjects achieving a reduction of at least 2 points (greater than or equal to 20%) from baseline on the 11-point Pain Intensity Numerical Rating Scale (PI-NRS) at all 3 assessment periods of 24, 36 and 48 hours. The scale went from 0 (no pain) to 10 (Worst possible pain). Subjects were asked to select the number that best describes how much pain they had at the time of observation.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Time to Confirmed "First Perceptible" Relief [ Time Frame: Within 4 hours post Dose 1 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    When the subject was administered study medication at Time 0, the Study Coordinator started 2 stopwatches. In an effort to determine the exact moment that the subject began to obtain noticeable pain relief, the subject was instructed to stop the stopwatch when "initial" relief was observed and again when "meaningful" relief was achieved. Time to confirmed first perceptible relief was defined as the time to first perceptible relief, provided that the subject also later stopped the second stopwatch indicating meaningful relief. The assigned censored time for "No Pain Relief" is 240 minutes.

  • Time to Confirmed "Meaningful" Relief [ Time Frame: Within 4 hours post Dose 1 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    When the subject was administered study medication at Time 0, the Study Coordinator started 2 stopwatches. To determine the exact moment that the subject began to notice pain relief, the subject was instructed to stop the stopwatch when "initial" relief was observed and again when "meaningful" relief was achieved. Time to confirmed "meaningful" relief was achieved if both stopwatches were stopped within the 4 hour observation period, when both "initial" and "meaningful" relief were observed. Meaningful relief is a subjective definition, based on each subjects determination of pain.

  • Percentage (%) of Subjects With Confirmed First Perceptible Relief Within 1 Hour of Dose 1 [ Time Frame: Within 1 hour of Dose 1 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Percentage (percentage of total) of subjects with "first perceptible" relief within 1 hour of Dose 1. The assigned censored time for "No Pain Relief" was 240 minutes.

  • Percentage of Subjects Achieving "Meaningful" Relief as Indicated by the Time Recorded on the Second Stopwatch Following "First Perceptible" Relief [ Time Frame: Within 4 hours post Dose 1 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Percentage(%) of subjects with confirmed first perceptible relief and meaningful relief after dose 1. Subjects that achieved both "first perceptible" relief and "meaningful" relief within the time allotted. The assigned censored time for "No Pain Relief" is 240 minutes. Meaningful relief is a subjective definition, based on each subject's determination of pain

  • Analgesic Efficacy for the 0-12, 0-4, 4-8, and 4-12 Hour Dosing Intervals After Dose 1 Using Total Pain Relief (TOTPAR) and Sum of Pain Intensity Difference(SPID) [ Time Frame: 0-12 hours after Dose 1 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The Pain Intensity Difference (PID) at each time point was derived by subtracting the pain intensity from baseline pain intensity, so that a higher value was indicative of a greater improvement. Time weighted SPID for each specified interval (scale ranges from 0 to 10; 0=no pain relief and 10= complete pain relief) was derived by first multiplying each PID score by the time from the previous time point, and adding them together for each scheduled time point within the time interval (e.g., 4-12 hours in case of SPID 4-12). Time weighted TOTPAR for each specified interval was similarly derived.

  • Duration of Relief After Dose 1 [ Time Frame: Time to rescue or time of Dose 2 (up to 12 hours following dose 1) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Duration of relief was defined as the time to treatment failure (i.e.,taking rescue medication, or withdrawing due to lack of efficacy) up to the 12-hour time point. For those withdrawing from the study due to lack of efficacy prior to taking dose 2 or rescue medication, time to treatment failure was the time from dose 1 to the last assesment time. For those discontinuing from the study for any other reason, the time to treatment failure was censored at the last assessment time.

  • Percentage of Participants Who Require Rescue Medication at or Prior to Hour 8, Hour 10, and Hour 12 After Taking Dose 1 [ Time Frame: 0-12 hours after taking Dose 1 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Percentage of participants who require rescue medication (Lortab) at or prior to hour 8, hour 10 and hour 12 were reported and 95% confidence intervals for the corresponding parameters were calculated.

  • Pain Relief and PID Scores at Individual Time Points for Dose 1 [ Time Frame: 24, 36, 48 hours after taking Dose 1 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Pain relief and pain intensity difference (PID) scores at individual time points were summarized by descriptive statistics. The PID at each time point prior to dose 2 was derived by subtracting the pain intensity from the baseline pain intensity, so that a higher value was indicative of a greater improvement. Range of possible scores could be from 0 (no improvement) to 5 (greatest possible improvement)

  • Global Evaluation for Dose 1 [ Time Frame: At 12 hours after Dose 1 or at time of rescue ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

    Global evaluation for dose 1, either at the time of rescue or at dose 2 (hour 12), whichever came first were summarized. At the 12-hour time point but before Dose 2, or within 1 minute of rescue medication use (if it occurred before hour 12), the subject was to provide a Global Evaluation of Dose 1 of study medication on an 11 point PI-NRS in response to the following command:

    "Select the number that best describes how you would rate this medication as a pain-reliever (select one number only)." The range went from 0 (Very poor) to 10 (Excellent).


  • Global Evaluation, Maximum Relief, and Overall Relief for Dose 2 [ Time Frame: At 24 hours or at time of rescue between 12 and 24 hours ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Global evaluation, maximum relief, and overall relief scores for dose 2 were summarized with descriptive statistics. The subject was to provide a description for the Global Evaluation, maximum relief and overall relief of Dose 2 of study medication on an 11 point PI-NRS: Global Evaluation: "rate the study medication as a pain-reliever"; Maximum Pain Relief: "maximum pain relief received from the last dose"; Overall Pain Relief: "overall quantity of pain relief received from the last dose". The range went from 0 (Very poor or No relief) to 10 (Excellent or Complete relief).

  • Global Evaluation, Maximum Relief, and Overall Relief for Dose 3 [ Time Frame: At 36 hours or at time rescue between 24 and 36 hours ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Global evaluation, maximum relief, and overall relief scores for dose 3 were summarized with descriptive statistics. The subject was to provide a description for the Global Evaluation, maximum relief and overall relief of Dose 3 of study medication on an 11 point PI-NRS: Global Evaluation: "rate the study medication as a pain-reliever"; Maximum Pain Relief: "maximum pain relief received from the last dose"; Overall Pain Relief: "overall quantity of pain relief received from the last dose". The range went from 0 (Very poor or No relief) to 10 (Excellent or Complete relief).

  • Global Evaluation, Maximum Relief, and Overall Relief for Dose 4 [ Time Frame: At 48 hours or at time of rescue between 36 and 48 hours. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Global evaluation, maximum relief, and overall relief scores for dose 4 were summarized with descriptive statistics. The subject was to provide a description for the Global Evaluation, maximum relief and overall relief of Dose 4 of study medication on an 11 point PI-NRS: Global Evaluation: "rate the study medication as a pain-reliever"; Maximum Pain Relief: "maximum pain relief received from the last dose"; Overall Pain Relief: "overall quantity of pain relief received from the last dose". The range went from 0 (Very poor or No relief) to 10 (Excellent or Complete relief).


Enrollment: 256
Study Start Date: June 2008
Study Completion Date: October 2008
Primary Completion Date: October 2008 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Ibuprofen 600 mg ER group
One-hundred and sixty subjects will be randomly assigned to the Ibuprofen 600 mg ER treatment group based on gender and baseline pain intensity, as rated on an 11-point numerical rating scale (PI-NRS; 5-7 moderate pain, or 8-10, severe pain).
Drug: Ibuprofen 600 mg Extended-Release Tablets
Ibuprofen 600 mg Extended-Release Tablet: One 600 mg tablet taken orally every 12 hours or twice daily (BID). Each dose was administered with at least 6 ounces of water. Dose 1 was administered at hour 0, Dose 2 was administered at hour 12, Dose 3 was administered at hour 24 and Dose 4 was administered at hour 36.
Other Name: Ibuprofen 600 mg ER
Placebo Comparator: Placebo group
Eighty subjects will be randomly assigned to the Placebo treatment group based on gender and baseline pain intensity, as rated on an 11-point numerical rating scale (PI-NRS; 5-7 moderate pain, or 8-10, severe pain).
Drug: Placebo
Placebo: One matching placebo tablet was taken orally every 12 hours or twice daily (BID). Each dose was administered with at least 6 ounces of water. Dose 1 was administered at hour 0, Dose 2 was administered at hour 12, Dose 3 was administered at hour 24 and Dose 4 was administered at hour 36.
Other Name: Placebo

Detailed Description:

This is a single-center, multiple-dose, randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blinded, parallel group trial to evaluate the efficacy and safety of multiple doses of Ibuprofen 600 mg Extended-Release Tablets in a study of dental pain following extraction of third molar teeth. The surgery will consist of surgical extraction of 1-2 impacted third molars, of which one must be a mandibular impaction that is partially impacted in either tissue or bone. Subjects will be stratified according to baseline pain intensity, as rated on an 11-point pain intensity numerical rating scale (PI-NRS)and gender.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   16 Years to 45 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Males and females 16 to 45 years of age;
  • Outpatients scheduled to undergo surgical extraction of 1-2 impacted third molar(s), one of which must be a mandibular impaction that is partially impacted in either tissue or bone;
  • At least a score of 5 on the 11-point pain intensity numerical rating scale (PI-NRS) at baseline;
  • Use of only the following preoperative medication(s) / anesthetic(s): short-acting local anesthetic (e.g., mepivacaine or lidocaine) with or without vasoconstrictor and/or nitrous oxide;
  • Reliable, cooperative, and adequate intelligence to record the requested information on the analgesic questionnaire form;
  • Subjects (or the parent or legal guardian of subjects under the age of 18 years) are required to read, comprehend, and sign the informed consent. Subjects requiring a parent or legal guardian to sign the informed consent will be required to sign an assent;
  • Examined by the attending dentist or physician and medically cleared to participate in the study; and,
  • In general good health and have no contraindications to any of the study meds.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Presence of a serious medical condition (e.g., poorly controlled hypertension, poorly controlled diabetes, significantly impaired cardiac, renal or hepatic function, hyper- or hypothyroidism);
  • Use of a prescription or nonprescription drug with which the administration of ibuprofen, celecoxib, any other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID), or acetaminophen, is contraindicated;
  • Acute local infection at the time of surgery that could confound the post-surgical evaluation;
  • Females who are pregnant, lactating, of child-bearing potential, or postmenopausal for less than 2 years and not using a medically approved method of contraception (i.e., oral, transdermal, or implanted contraceptives, intrauterine device, diaphragm, condom, abstinence, or surgical sterility), or females who test positive on a urine-based pregnancy test;
  • Presence or history (within 2 years of enrollment) of bleeding disorder(s) or peptic ulcer disease;
  • Presence or history (within the past year) of alcoholism or substance abuse. Subjects who are taking CNS or other psychotropic drugs (including St. John's Wort, or any other nutritional supplement known to have psychotropic effects) may be enrolled if they have been on stable doses of medication for at least 2 months, will maintain this dose throughout the study, and their condition is judged by the Principal Investigator to be well-controlled;
  • Habituation to analgesic drugs (i.e., routine use of oral analgesics 5 or more times per week);
  • History of allergic reaction (eg, asthma, rhinitis, swelling, shock, or hives) to ibuprofen, naproxen, aspirin, celecoxib, any other NSAID, or acetaminophen;
  • Prior use of any type of analgesic or NSAID 5 half-lives of that drug or less before taking the first dose of study medication, except for pre-anesthetic medication and anesthesia for the procedure;
  • Ingestion of any caffeine-containing beverages, chocolate, or alcohol 4 hours or less before taking the first dose of study medication;
  • Has taken an investigational product within the past 30 days;
  • Has previously been entered into this study; and,
  • The subject is a member of the study site staff either directly involved with the study, an employee of the Sponsor, or a relative of study site personnel directly involved with the study or Sponsor.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00707057

Locations
United States, Utah
Jean Brown Research
Salt Lake City, Utah, United States, 84124
Sponsors and Collaborators
SCOLR Pharma, Inc.
AAIPharma
Jean Brown Research
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Steven E Christensen, D.D.S. Jean Brown Research
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Stephen Turner, President & CEO, SCOLR Pharma, Inc.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00707057     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: SCO-0001
Study First Received: June 26, 2008
Results First Received: May 21, 2009
Last Updated: March 22, 2011
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Pain, Postoperative
Toothache
Postoperative Complications
Pathologic Processes
Pain
Signs and Symptoms
Tooth Diseases
Stomatognathic Diseases
Facial Pain
Ibuprofen
Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal
Analgesics, Non-Narcotic
Analgesics
Sensory System Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Pharmacologic Actions
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Antirheumatic Agents
Cyclooxygenase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Central Nervous System Agents

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on August 28, 2014