Vaccine Therapy in Treating Patients With Advanced Melanoma

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Information provided by:
University of Virginia
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00705640
First received: June 25, 2008
Last updated: October 12, 2010
Last verified: October 2010
  Purpose

RATIONALE: Vaccine therapy may help the body build an effective immune response to kill tumor cells.

PURPOSE: This randomized clinical trial is studying how well vaccine therapy works in treating patients with advanced melanoma.


Condition Intervention
Intraocular Melanoma
Malignant Conjunctival Neoplasm
Melanoma (Skin)
Biological: incomplete Freund's adjuvant
Biological: multi-epitope melanoma peptide vaccine
Biological: tetanus toxoid helper peptide
Procedure: biopsy

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Multipeptide Vaccine in Melanoma Patients With Evaluation of the Injection Site Microenvironment

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by University of Virginia:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Features of lymphoid neogenesis at the replicate immunization site [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Proliferating T cells in the replicate immunization site [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Toll-like receptor signaling in the replicate immunization site [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Regulatory processes in the replicate immunization sites [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • CD8+ and CD4+ peptide-reactive T-cell responses among lymphocytes infiltrating skin at the replicate immunization sites and in the peripheral blood [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • CCR and integrin expression on vaccine-induced T cells in the peripheral blood and at the replicate immunization site [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Enrollment: 45
Study Start Date: May 2008
Study Completion Date: May 2009
Primary Completion Date: May 2009 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Arm 1A
Patients receive primary vaccine, half of the volume subcutaneously (SC) and the other half intradermally (ID), 6 times over 7 weeks on days 1, 8, 15, 29, 36, and 43. Patients receive no replicate vaccine. Patients undergo surgical biopsy at replicate vaccine site on day 1.
Biological: incomplete Freund's adjuvant
Given subcutaneously and intradermally
Biological: multi-epitope melanoma peptide vaccine
Given subcutaneously and intradermally
Biological: tetanus toxoid helper peptide
Given subcutaneously and intradermally
Procedure: biopsy
Patients undergo surgical biopsy at replicate vaccine site
Experimental: Arm 1B
Patients receive primary vaccine, half of the volume subcutaneously (SC) and the other half intradermally (ID), 6 times over 7 weeks on days 1, 8, 15, 29, 36, and 43. Patients receive replicate vaccine comprising incomplete Freund's adjuvant only SC and ID on day 1 and undergo surgical biopsy at replicate vaccine site on day 8 (1 week after replicate vaccine 1).
Biological: incomplete Freund's adjuvant
Given subcutaneously and intradermally
Biological: multi-epitope melanoma peptide vaccine
Given subcutaneously and intradermally
Biological: tetanus toxoid helper peptide
Given subcutaneously and intradermally
Procedure: biopsy
Patients undergo surgical biopsy at replicate vaccine site
Experimental: Arm 1C
Patients receive primary vaccine, half of the volume subcutaneously (SC) and the other half intradermally (ID), 6 times over 7 weeks on days 1, 8, 15, 29, 36, and 43. Patients receive replicate vaccine comprising incomplete Freund's adjuvant only SC and ID on days 1, 8, and 15 and undergo surgical biopsy at replicate vaccine site on day 22 (1 week after replicate vaccine 3).
Biological: incomplete Freund's adjuvant
Given subcutaneously and intradermally
Biological: multi-epitope melanoma peptide vaccine
Given subcutaneously and intradermally
Biological: tetanus toxoid helper peptide
Given subcutaneously and intradermally
Procedure: biopsy
Patients undergo surgical biopsy at replicate vaccine site
Experimental: Arm 1D
Patients receive primary vaccine, half of the volume subcutaneously (SC) and the other half intradermally (ID), 6 times over 7 weeks on days 1, 8, 15, 29, 36, and 43. Patients receive replicate vaccine comprising incomplete Freund's adjuvant only SC and ID on days 1, 8, 15, 29, 36, and 43 and undergo surgical biopsy at replicate vaccine site on day 50 (1 week after replicate vaccine 6). Patients are evaluated 1-3 weeks after biopsy.
Biological: incomplete Freund's adjuvant
Given subcutaneously and intradermally
Biological: multi-epitope melanoma peptide vaccine
Given subcutaneously and intradermally
Biological: tetanus toxoid helper peptide
Given subcutaneously and intradermally
Procedure: biopsy
Patients undergo surgical biopsy at replicate vaccine site
Experimental: Arm 1E
Patients receive primary vaccine, half of the volume subcutaneously (SC) and the other half intradermally (ID), 6 times over 7 weeks on days 1, 8, 15, 29, 36, and 43. Patients receive replicate vaccine comprising incomplete Freund's adjuvant only SC and ID on days 1, 8, 15, 29, 36, and 43 and undergo surgical biopsy at replicate vaccine site on day 85 (6 week after replicate vaccine 6). Patients are evaluated 1-3 weeks after biopsy.
Biological: incomplete Freund's adjuvant
Given subcutaneously and intradermally
Biological: multi-epitope melanoma peptide vaccine
Given subcutaneously and intradermally
Biological: tetanus toxoid helper peptide
Given subcutaneously and intradermally
Procedure: biopsy
Patients undergo surgical biopsy at replicate vaccine site
Experimental: Arm 2A
Patients receive primary vaccine, half of the volume subcutaneously (SC) and the other half intradermally (ID), 6 times over 7 weeks on days 1, 8, 15, 29, 36, and 43. Patients receive no replicate vaccine. Patients undergo surgical biopsy at replicate vaccine site on day 1.
Biological: incomplete Freund's adjuvant
Given subcutaneously and intradermally
Biological: multi-epitope melanoma peptide vaccine
Given subcutaneously and intradermally
Biological: tetanus toxoid helper peptide
Given subcutaneously and intradermally
Procedure: biopsy
Patients undergo surgical biopsy at replicate vaccine site
Experimental: Arm 2B
Patients receive primary vaccine, half of the volume subcutaneously (SC) and the other half intradermally (ID), 6 times over 7 weeks on days 1, 8, 15, 29, 36, and 43. Patients receive replicate vaccine (the same as primary vaccine) SC and ID on day 1 and undergo surgical biopsy at replicate vaccine site on day 8 (1 week after replicate vaccine 1).
Biological: incomplete Freund's adjuvant
Given subcutaneously and intradermally
Biological: multi-epitope melanoma peptide vaccine
Given subcutaneously and intradermally
Biological: tetanus toxoid helper peptide
Given subcutaneously and intradermally
Procedure: biopsy
Patients undergo surgical biopsy at replicate vaccine site
Experimental: Arm 2C
Patients receive primary vaccine, half of the volume subcutaneously (SC) and the other half intradermally (ID), 6 times over 7 weeks on days 1, 8, 15, 29, 36, and 43. Patients receive replicate vaccine (the same as primary vaccine) SC and ID on days 1, 8, and 15 and undergo surgical biopsy at replicate vaccine site on day 22 (1 week after replicate vaccine 3).
Biological: incomplete Freund's adjuvant
Given subcutaneously and intradermally
Biological: multi-epitope melanoma peptide vaccine
Given subcutaneously and intradermally
Biological: tetanus toxoid helper peptide
Given subcutaneously and intradermally
Procedure: biopsy
Patients undergo surgical biopsy at replicate vaccine site
Experimental: Arm 2D
Patients receive primary vaccine, half of the volume subcutaneously (SC) and the other half intradermally (ID), 6 times over 7 weeks on days 1, 8, 15, 29, 36, and 43. Patients receive replicate vaccine (the same as primary vaccine) SC and ID on days 1, 8, 15, 29, 36, and 43 and undergo surgical biopsy at replicate vaccine site on day 50 (1 week after replicate vaccine 6). Patients are evaluated 1-3 weeks after biopsy.
Biological: incomplete Freund's adjuvant
Given subcutaneously and intradermally
Biological: multi-epitope melanoma peptide vaccine
Given subcutaneously and intradermally
Biological: tetanus toxoid helper peptide
Given subcutaneously and intradermally
Procedure: biopsy
Patients undergo surgical biopsy at replicate vaccine site
Experimental: Arm 2E
Patients receive primary vaccine, half of the volume subcutaneously (SC) and the other half intradermally (ID), 6 times over 7 weeks on days 1, 8, 15, 29, 36, and 43. Patients receive replicate vaccine (the same as primary vaccine) SC and ID on days 1, 8, 15, 29, 36, and 43 and undergo surgical biopsy at replicate vaccine site on day 85 (1 week after replicate vaccine 6). Patients are evaluated 1-3 weeks after biopsy.
Biological: incomplete Freund's adjuvant
Given subcutaneously and intradermally
Biological: multi-epitope melanoma peptide vaccine
Given subcutaneously and intradermally
Biological: tetanus toxoid helper peptide
Given subcutaneously and intradermally
Procedure: biopsy
Patients undergo surgical biopsy at replicate vaccine site

  Show Detailed Description

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS:

  • Histologically or cytologically confirmed melanoma that meets one of the following criteria:

    • Stage IIB-IV melanoma rendered clinically free of disease by surgery, other therapy, or spontaneous remission within the past 6 months
    • Stage III or IV melanoma with disease
  • Persistent or metastatic disease allowed if RECIST criteria for measurable disease is not met
  • Multiple primary melanomas allowed
  • Prior or concurrent metastasis from a cutaneous, mucosal, ocular, or unknown primary site allowed
  • No clinically detectable melanoma deemed likely by the investigator to require intervention during the first 12 weeks of the study that would require premature discontinuation (e.g., untreated bone metastases at risk for fracture or rapidly progressive low-volume disease)
  • Brain metastases allowed if all of the following criteria are met:

    • The total number of brain metastases ever is ≤ 3
    • The brain metastases have been completely removed by surgery or have been treated completely by stereotactic radiotherapy
    • There has been no evident growth of any brain metastasis since treatment
    • No treated brain metastasis > 2 cm in diameter
  • At least two intact axillary and/or inguinal lymph node basins
  • Prior lymph node biopsy allowed if lymphoscintigraphy demonstrates intact drainage to a node in that basin

    • If a sentinal lymph node is not located by lymphoscintigraphy, patient is not eligible for study
  • HLA-A1, -A2, -A3, or -A11 positive
  • Either eligible for, but refused interferon therapy OR not a candidate for interferon therapy for the following reasons:

    • Active ischemic heart disease or cerebrovascular disease
    • Anginal syndrome requiring ongoing medications or history of myocardial infarction or arrhythmia disorder
    • History of treatment for depression, active depression, or other psychiatric disorder
    • Autoimmune disorders
    • Hypersensitivity to interferon-alfa or any component associated with interferon therapy
    • Debilitating medical conditions such as severe pulmonary disease or severe diabetes mellitus
    • Thyroid abnormalities, where thyroid function cannot be maintained in the normal range without medication
    • Resected stage IV melanoma
    • Discontinued interferon therapy due to the occurrence of a major toxicity that has been documented by the treating physician
    • Experienced tumor progression while on interferon or after completing interferon therapy
    • Missed the standard-of-care enrollment window for interferon therapy initiation

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS:

  • ECOG performance status 0-1
  • ANC > 1,000/mm^3
  • Platelets > 100,000/mm^3
  • Hemoglobin > 9 g/dL
  • AST and ALT ≤ 2.5 times upper limit of normal (ULN)
  • Bilirubin ≤ 2.5 times ULN
  • Alkaline phosphatase ≤ 2.5 times ULN
  • Creatinine ≤ 1.5 times ULN
  • Hepatitis C and HIV negative (antibody screening)
  • Hemoglobin_A1C level < 7%
  • Body weight ≥ 110 pounds
  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Negative pregnancy test
  • Fertile patients must use effective contraception during study treatment
  • No New York Heart Association class III-IV heart disease
  • No known or suspected allergies to any component of the vaccine
  • No medical contraindication or potential problem in complying with the requirements of the protocol

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY:

  • See Disease Characteristics
  • Prior peptide vaccines (including MELITAC 12.1 and similar vaccines) or non-peptide vaccines allowed
  • At least 1 week since prior stereotactic radiotherapy, such as gamma knife
  • No influenza vaccine ≥ 2 weeks before, during, and ≥ 2 weeks after completion of study therapy
  • More than 4 weeks since prior and no concurrent use of any of the following:

    • Systemic cytotoxic chemotherapy (6 weeks for nitrosoureas)
    • Radiotherapy
    • Other experimental therapy
    • Agents with putative immunomodulating activity (with the exception of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agents and topical steroids)
    • Allergy desensitization injections
    • Systemic corticosteroids, administered parenterally or orally
    • Inhaled steroids (e.g., fluticasone propionate [Advair® or Flovent®] or triamcinolone acetonide [Azmacort®])

      • Topical corticosteroids and steroids with very low solubility administered nasally for local effects only allowed (e.g., mometasone furoate [Nasonex®])
    • Growth factors (e.g., sargramostim [GM-CSF], filgrastim [G-CSF], or epoetin alfa)
    • Interferon therapy
    • Aldesleukin or other interleukins
    • Street drugs
  • At least 1 month since prior and no other concurrent investigational drugs or therapy
  • At least 12 weeks since prior melanoma vaccine for patients who have recurred or progressed either after or during treatment with vaccine
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00705640

Locations
United States, Virginia
University of Virginia Cancer Center
Charlottesville, Virginia, United States, 22908
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Virginia
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Craig L. Slingluff, MD University of Virginia
  More Information

Additional Information:
No publications provided by University of Virginia

Additional publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: Craig L. Slingluff, Jr, University of Virginia Cancer Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00705640     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 13498, R01CA057653, P30CA044579, UVACC-MEL-48, UVACC-IRB-13498, UVACC-PRC-450-07
Study First Received: June 25, 2008
Last Updated: October 12, 2010
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Keywords provided by University of Virginia:
stage II melanoma
stage III melanoma
stage IV melanoma
ciliary body and choroid melanoma, medium/large size
ciliary body and choroid melanoma, small size
conjunctival melanoma
extraocular extension melanoma
iris melanoma
metastatic intraocular melanoma
recurrent intraocular melanoma

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Neoplasms
Conjunctival Neoplasms
Melanoma
Uveal Neoplasms
Eye Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Conjunctival Diseases
Eye Diseases
Neuroendocrine Tumors
Neuroectodermal Tumors
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue
Nevi and Melanomas
Uveal Diseases
Freund's Adjuvant
Adjuvants, Immunologic
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Pharmacologic Actions

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on August 18, 2014