Pharmacodynamic Effects of Anti-Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Therapy in Patients With Advanced Malignancies

This study has been terminated.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National University Hospital, Singapore
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00698659
First received: June 15, 2008
Last updated: December 10, 2013
Last verified: April 2012
  Purpose
  1. To determine the effect of anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) on endothelial function and on retinal microvasculature
  2. To determine endothelial dysfunction as a marker of early response and as an indicator for the development of hypertension and proteinuria in patients treated with anti-VEGF agents
  3. To characterize the effect of anti-VEGF therapy on the pulmonary function of patients with malignancy (primary or secondary) involving the lung

Condition
Hypertension
Proteinuria

Study Type: Observational
Study Design: Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: A Study of the Pharmacodynamic Effects of Anti-Vascular Endothelial Growth

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National University Hospital, Singapore:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Effect of VEGF on endothelial function and on retinal microvasculature and the pulmonary function of patients with malignancy (primary or secondary) involving the lung. [ Time Frame: until 4 weeks after end of treatment ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

Study Start Date: August 2007
Study Completion Date: May 2010
Primary Completion Date: May 2010 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Groups/Cohorts
patients on anti-VEGF therapy

This study aims to assess the pharmacodynamic effects of anti-VEGF therapy. The following groups of patients will be approached:

Those who are starting on anti-VEGF therapy (such as but not limited to bevacizumab, sunitinib, and sorafenib) as part of routine clinical management or on clinical studies

All patients must be aged aged ≥ 21 years All patients must have a signed written informed consent prior to study enrollment. A separate consent will be obtained from patients already involved in a clinical study using anti-VEGF treatment.

Patients with a known allergy to intravenous contrast used in fluorescein and indocyanine green angiography will be exempt from these investigations but will undergo other study assessments.


Detailed Description:

The well-established role of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in carcinogenesis and tumor angiogenesis has led to the development of agents that target this pathway. Anti-VEGF agents the VEGF monoclonal antibody bevacizumab, and the small molecule VEGF receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitors. Angiogenic factors play a key role in the maintenance of lung integrity and normal endothelial function. Endothelial dysfunction has been implicated in hypertension, proteinuria and retinopathy. One of the major issues of anti-VEGF agents is its long-term toxicity especially taking into account the lack of adequate knowledge in this area and the possibility of prolonged periods of therapy in non-progressing patients. Hypertension and proteinuria are commonly seen in patients treated with anti-VEGF agents. In addition, we have also observed in a relatively high frequency of pulmonary air-filled lesions in patients with malignancy in the lung treated with an anti-VEGF agent. Objectives of this exploratory study are to 1) determine the effect of anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) on endothelial function 2) determine endothelial dysfunction as a marker of early response and as an indicator for the development of hypertension and proteinuria 3) characterize the effect of anti-VEGF therapy on the pulmonary function of patients with malignancy (primary or secondary) involving the lung in patients treated with anti-VEGF agents. Pharmacodynamic endpoints to be assessed are: blood pressure, brachial artery reactivity, retinal microvessels, microalbuminuria and proteinuria, pulmonary function, assess the effects of anti-VEGF therapy by assessing brachial artery reactivity, retinal vasculature and pulmonary function in a subset of patients receiving anti-VEGF therapy. The development of markers of endothelial dysfunction may result in the early identification of patients who are non-responders or develop toxicity from anti-VEGF treatment.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   21 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population

Those who are starting on anti-VEGF therapy (such as but not limited to bevacizumab, sunitinib, and sorafenib) as part of routine clinical management

Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients who are receiving single agent anti-VEGF therapy
  • Signed written informed consent.
  • Patients with measurable pulmonary malignancy (primary or metastatic) as determined by RECIST will undergo assessment of pulmonary function.
  • Patients with a known allergy to intravenous contrast used in fluorescein and indocyanine green angiography will be exempt from these investigations but will undergo other study assessments

Exclusion Criteria:

  • none
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00698659

Locations
Singapore
National University Hospital
Singapore, Singapore
Sponsors and Collaborators
National University Hospital, Singapore
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Ross Andrew Soo, MBBS, MRCP National University Hospital, Singapore
  More Information

Publications:
Responsible Party: National University Hospital, Singapore
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00698659     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: MC2/15/07
Study First Received: June 15, 2008
Last Updated: December 10, 2013
Health Authority: Singapore: Domain Specific Review Boards

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Hypertension
Proteinuria
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Urination Disorders
Urologic Diseases
Urological Manifestations
Signs and Symptoms
Endothelial Growth Factors
Growth Substances
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Pharmacologic Actions

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on September 18, 2014