Impact of Timing on the Efficacy of Zegerid 40 mg in Healing Reflux Esophagitis: A Pilot Study

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Salix Pharmaceuticals
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Yvonne Romero, Mayo Clinic
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00693225
First received: June 4, 2008
Last updated: August 21, 2012
Last verified: August 2012
  Purpose

The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of morning versus bedtime administration of omeprazole/sodium bicarbonate (Zegerid) on endoscopic healing for patients with moderate or severe reflux esophagitis. Our hypothesis was that bedtime administration of Zegerid would be superior in healing esophagitis compared to morning administration prior to a meal.


Condition Intervention Phase
Erosive Esophagitis
Drug: Omeprazole/sodium bicarbonate
Phase 4

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Impact of Timing on the Efficacy of Omeprazole/Sodium Bicarbonate Zegerid 40 mg in Healing Reflux Esophagitis

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Mayo Clinic:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Percent of Subjects Overall Who Healed, Improved, or Stayed the Same or Worsened After 8 Weeks of Treatment [ Time Frame: 8 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

    After 8 weeks of treatment a follow-up esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) was performed by an endoscopist blinded to the study and subject allocation. The evaluation results were grouped as follows:

    LA C esophagitis at baseline: healed = no erosions in the esophagus; improved= LA grades A or B; Same or worse = C or D at follow-up LA D esophagitis at baseline: healed = no erosions in the esophagus; improved=LA grades A, B, or C; Same=LA grade D at follow-up.



Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Percent of Subjects With Moderate Esophagitis (LA Grade C) Who Healed, Improved, or Stayed the Same or Worsened After 8 Weeks of Treatment [ Time Frame: 8 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

    After 8 weeks of treatment a follow-up esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) was performed by an endoscopist blinded to the study and subject allocation. The evaluation results were grouped as follows:

    LA C esophagitis at baseline: healed = no erosions in the esophagus; improved= LA grades A or B; Same or worse = C or D at follow-up LA D esophagitis at baseline: healed = no erosions in the esophagus; improved=LA grades A, B, or C; Same=LA grade D at follow-up.


  • Percent of Subjects With Severe Esophagitis (LA Grade D) Who Healed, Improved, or Stayed the Same After 8 Weeks of Treatment [ Time Frame: 8 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

    After 8 weeks of treatment a follow-up esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) was performed by an endoscopist blinded to the study and subject allocation. The evaluation results were grouped as follows:

    LA C esophagitis at baseline: healed = no erosions in the esophagus; improved= LA grades A or B; Same or worse = C or D at follow-up LA D esophagitis at baseline: healed = no erosions in the esophagus; improved=LA grades A, B, or C; Same=LA grade D at follow-up.



Enrollment: 91
Study Start Date: January 2008
Study Completion Date: December 2010
Primary Completion Date: December 2010 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: Omeprazole/sodium bicarbonate AM dose
8 weeks of therapy with omeprazole/sodium bicarbonate oral suspension 40 mg, once per day, taken in the morning
Drug: Omeprazole/sodium bicarbonate
Omeprazole/sodium bicarbonate powder for oral suspension 40 mg was supplied in individual packets that were emptied into a small cup containing 15-30 ml (1-2 tablespoons) of water, one per day, for 8 weeks.
Other Name: Zegerid
Experimental: Omeprazole/sodium bicarbonate PM dose
8 weeks of therapy with omeprazole/sodium bicarbonate oral suspension 40 mg, once per day, taken at bedtime
Drug: Omeprazole/sodium bicarbonate
Omeprazole/sodium bicarbonate powder for oral suspension 40 mg was supplied in individual packets that were emptied into a small cup containing 15-30 ml (1-2 tablespoons) of water, one per day, for 8 weeks.
Other Name: Zegerid

Detailed Description:

Hypothesis: The timing of administration of omeprazole/sodium bicarbonate (Zegerid) will impact nocturnal esophageal acid exposure and healing of esophagitis. Specifically, we hypothesize that omeprazole/sodium bicarbonate, taken at bedtime, will be superior in healing esophagitis compared to omeprazole/sodium bicarbonate taken in the morning.

Specific Aim: Compare the percent of subjects with moderate/severe esophagitis who achieve complete endoscopic resolution after 8 weeks of treatment (morning vs. bedtime).

Intervention: All subjects received a one-on-one educational session describing the normal physiology of the upper gastrointestinal tract, the pathophysiology of hiatal hernia and reflux esophagitis, and food stuffs that contribute to reflux, prior to their invitation to participate in the trial. Outpatients who underwent a clinically indicated esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) as advised by their primary health care provider in an open-access endoscopy unit who were diagnosed with Los Angeles grade C or D erosive reflux esophagitis were invited to participate.

Omeprazole/sodium bicarbonate powder for oral suspension 40 mg was supplied in individual packets that are emptied into a small cup containing 15-30 ml (1-2 tablespoons) of water, one per day, for 8 weeks. They were asked to stir well and drink immediately then refill the cup with water and drink. Subjects assigned to morning dosing were instructed to take the medication on an empty stomach, immediately upon rising, 20 to 60 minutes prior to chewing a solid. Subjects assigned to bedtime dosing were instructed to keep the medication by their bedside; taking the medication in a standing or seated upright position immediately before turning off the lights with the intention to sleep. The subject was instructed to not use other liquids or foods for 20 minutes after taking their study medication for those allocated to morning dosing, and until the next morning for those allocated to bedtime dosing.

Gelusil™ was distributed for use as an "on demand" rescue antacid; the frequency of use was recorded with the plan to use Gelusil™ consumption as a potential confounder of omeprazole/sodium bicarbonate efficacy. Other antacids, including sodium bicarbonate, magnesium hydroxide, calcium carbonate, and sucralfate were prohibited. Subjects taking non-omeprazole proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) and/or Histamine Receptor Antagonist (HRAs) were advised to discontinue these medications while they participated in this study. No other medication was altered for this study.

After 8 weeks, a follow-up EGD was performed to assess mucosal integrity by an endoscopist blinded to the study and subject allocation.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Subjects who have either moderate to severe erosive esophagitis (Los Angeles grade C or D)
  2. Subjects with esophagitis despite use of a non-omeprazole Proton Pump Inhibitor (PPI)(s) or histamine receptor antagonist (HRA) were invited to participate without a wash-out period.
  3. Subjects able to return to Mayo Clinic Rochester for follow up endoscopy 8 weeks after start of study.
  4. Female subjects are eligible if they are not pregnant or lactating and one of the following criteria is met:

    1. Surgically sterile (by means of hysterectomy or bilateral tubal ligation).
    2. At least one year postmenopausal (no menses for greater than or equal to 12 months).
    3. Subject is using a highly effective method of contraception, if of childbearing potential and has a negative urine human chorionic gonadotropin beta subunit (B-HCG) pregnancy test during screening, and prior to trial drug administration.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Subjects already on or failed omeprazole in past, or intolerant of PPI therapy
  2. Subjects who are using clopidogrel (Plavix)
  3. Subjects with one or more of the following diagnoses:

    1. Neoplasm of the esophagus or stomach
    2. Previous upper gastrointestinal surgery (esophagectomy, Heller myotomy, hiatal hernial repair)
    3. Diabetic gastroparesis
    4. Esophageal motility disorder: Achalasia or scleroderma
    5. Zollinger-Ellison syndrome
    6. Infection with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
    7. Bleeding diathesis
    8. History of gastric or small bowel obstruction
    9. Inability to read due to blindness, cognitive dysfunction, English language illiteracy
    10. Disorders which predispose to unreliable responses such as Schizophrenia, Alzheimer's disease or significant memory loss
    11. Pregnant and lactating females will be excluded as PPIs are not thought safe for the fetus (Pregnancy Category C).
  4. Children younger than 18 years of age will be excluded as their compliance might be dictated by others, such as their parents, and their results would not be generalizable to the adult population. Other vulnerable populations, such as those with diminished mental acuity, will be excluded for the same reason.
  5. Residence outside of the US (due to difficulties with overseas postal service) or in prison.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00693225

Locations
United States, Minnesota
Mayo Clinic
Rochester, Minnesota, United States, 55901
Sponsors and Collaborators
Yvonne Romero
Salix Pharmaceuticals
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Yvonne Romero, M.D. Mayo Clinic
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Yvonne Romero, Yvonne Romero, MD, Mayo Clinic
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00693225     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 07-008503
Study First Received: June 4, 2008
Results First Received: August 21, 2012
Last Updated: August 21, 2012
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Keywords provided by Mayo Clinic:
Erosive Esophagitis
Reflux Esophagitis
Gastroesophageal reflux disease
GERD
proton pump inhibitor
omeprazole/sodium bicarbonate

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Esophagitis
Esophagitis, Peptic
Esophageal Diseases
Gastrointestinal Diseases
Digestive System Diseases
Gastroenteritis
Peptic Ulcer
Omeprazole
Anti-Ulcer Agents
Gastrointestinal Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Pharmacologic Actions
Proton Pump Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on September 16, 2014