Knowledge and Perception of Smoking Risks/Consequences (SmokCess)
This proposed 2-year questionnaire study examines views and attitudes regarding health risks of cigarette smoking, smoking patterns and motivators for cessation in smokers who suffer from schizophrenia compared to a sample of smokers without a major psychotic disorder.
|Study Design:||Observational Model: Case Control|
|Official Title:||Knowledge and Perception of Smoking Risks/Consequences, Smoking Habits and Motivators for Smoking Cessation Among People With Schizophrenia|
- The measure will be the differences in smoking perceptions/risk and motivation as assessed by the questionnaires between smokers with and without schizophrenia. [ Time Frame: For each subject, the time frame primarily evaluated will be the length of his or her use of cigarettes, primarily (but the time frame may be extended to include other evaluated factors, such as education or family/economic support). ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
|Study Start Date:||December 2007|
|Study Completion Date:||June 2009|
|Primary Completion Date:||June 2009 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Normal control subjects (Males and females between 18-65 years, who smoke cigarettes daily, have an expired CO measurement of > 8 ppm to confirm cigarette smoking, who are not actively trying to quit smoking at the time of the interview, and who must be free from Axis I psychotic disorder.)
Subjects with a DSM-IV diagnosis of schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder (Males and females between 18-65 years, who smoke cigarettes daily, have an expired CO measurement of > 8 ppm to confirm cigarette smoking, and who are not actively trying to quit smoking at the time of the interview.)
This proposed 2-year questionnaire study examines views and attitudes regarding health risks of cigarette smoking, smoking patterns and motivators for cessation in smokers who suffer from schizophrenia compared to a sample of smokers without a major psychotic disorder. The specific goals of this study are to 1) examine differences in the perceived consequences of smoking, smoking habits, and motivation to quit between adults with and without schizophrenia and 2) identify clinical and demographic variables (e.g., age, race, sex, age of smoking onset, knowledge of smoking consequences, insurance status, family support, co-occurring substance abuse, education level, current health status) associated with motivation to quit smoking among individuals with and without schizophrenia. This secondary goal is exploratory in nature. We will identify potential predictors in each group separately and also assess if these potential predictors differ between groups.
The study will consist of one 2-hour visit, where each subject, after signing consent, will participate in a semi-structured interview as well as answer clinical and demographic information. Patient volunteers will be recruited from the MPRC Outpatient and Inpatient Programs and through NIDA. Control subjects will be recruited by MPRC and NIDA via newspaper advertisements from the Baltimore metropolitan area. We anticipate recruiting up to 110 schizophrenia patients for a total of 100 completers and up to 110 normal controls for a total of 100 completers. All participants will be 18-65 years old, will smoke cigarettes daily, and must not be interested in reducing or quitting tobacco use.
|United States, Maryland|
|Maryland Psychiatric Research Center, University of Maryland School of Medicine|
|Baltimore, Maryland, United States, 21228|
|National Institute on Drug Abuse (Johns Hopkins Bayview Campus)|
|Baltimore, Maryland, United States, 21224|
|Principal Investigator:||Deanna L Kelly, PharmD, BCPP||University of Maryland|
|Principal Investigator:||Steve Heishman, MD||National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)|