Perioperative Kinetics of Reactive Hyperemia Using Noninvasive Digital Thermal Monitoring
The primary objective of the study is to characterize and measure the impact of major surgery on the kinetics of endothelial function during the perioperative period. Reactive hyperemia, characterized by Digital Thermal Monitoring (DTM), will be utilized to characterize this during the perioperative period in patients undergoing major abdominal or thoracic surgery. This will attempt to characterize the relationship between impaired endothelial function, the extent of surgical insult, and the risk for adverse postoperative outcome.
Secondary objectives of this study will evaluate the following:
- The incidence of major complications in correlation to reduced preoperative reactive hyperemia
- The incidence of major complications in correlation to reduced postoperative reactive hyperemia (calculated as absolute value and as the change from baseline [delta]).
It is anticipated that two factors (namely, preoperative cardiovascular risk and the extent of the intraoperative inflammatory response) will predominantly contribute to the impaired microcirculatory/hyperemic/endothelial function and should therefore be accounted for in this study. The correlation between impaired reactive hyperemia and these two contributory factors will be evaluated.
- Preoperative cardiovascular risk will be assessed using risk scoring systems that attempt to infer patient risk according to preoperative co-morbidities, namely The ASA Physical Status Classification System24, The Lee Modified Cardiac Risk Index,25 and The University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center Modifiers to the Lee Modified Cardiac Risk Index (an unvalidated scoring system that considers factors unique to the cancer surgical population), and The Metabolic Syndrome. The latter represents a larger at-risk patient population who has yet to develop symptomatic cardiac lesions (and therefore will not be identified by the Lee modified Cardiac Risk Index).
- Intraoperative inflammatory response will be assessed using quantitative assays for C-RP, and cytokines.
- Multivariate analysis will analyze for intraoperative perturbations—including hemodynamic (heart rate, blood pressure), temperature, and fluid shifts (blood loss, transfusions.
|Study Design:||Observational Model: Case-Only
Time Perspective: Prospective
|Official Title:||Characterizing the Perioperative Kinetics of Reactive Hyperemia Using Noninvasive Digital Thermal Monitoring: an Observational Study of a Surrogate Marker of Endothelial Function|
- Ratio of each post baseline temperature rebound (TR) measure to baseline [ Time Frame: Tests performed within 20 days before scheduled surgery, when surgery begins (at the time of incision), every hour during surgery and then 1, 2, 3, and 5 days after surgery ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
|Study Start Date:||May 2008|
|Study Completion Date:||November 2010|
|Primary Completion Date:||November 2010 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Endothelial Function Test
Patients scheduled to have major abdominal or thoracic surgery.
Other: Endothelial Function Test
Endothelial function tests performed within 20 days before surgery, when surgery begins (at the time of incision), every hour during surgery and then 1, 2, 3, and 5 days after surgery.
The Endothelial Function Test:
To perform an endothelial function test, your temperature will be taken using your fingertip on both hands using the Vendy's-DTM machine. The Vendy's-DTM machine uses small sleeves that fit over your fingertips to take your temperature. After your temperature is taken, your right arm will be placed in a standard blood pressure cuff. After the cuff is inflated for 2 minutes, your temperature will be taken again from the same fingertip. The difference of temperatures before and after inflation may be able to predict endothelial complications, such as lung function, heart failure and heart attack.
This test will be performed within 20 days before your scheduled surgery, when surgery begins (at the time of incision), every hour during surgery and then 1, 2, 3, and 5 days after your surgery.
You will be called to collect information about your overall health at 30 days and 1 year after surgery. The phone call will last about 30 minutes.
Length of Study:
You will be off study after the second phone call.
This is an investigational study. Up to 60 patients will take part in this study. All will be enrolled at M. D. Anderson.
|United States, Texas|
|UT MD Anderson Cancer Center|
|Houston, Texas, United States, 77030|
|Principal Investigator:||Vijaya Gottumukkala, MD||M.D. Anderson Cancer Center|