Study of Sunitinib Malate in Patients With Newly Diagnosed Prostate Cancer Prior to Prostatectomy

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Pfizer
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Duke University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00672594
First received: May 4, 2008
Last updated: July 31, 2014
Last verified: May 2014
  Purpose

The purpose of this study is to look at blood and tissue samples for changes following the use of Sunitinib malate. Additionally, we would like to find out if the drug, Sunitinib malate, is safe and works in men with prostate cancer. Sunitinib malate , also known as Sutent, is approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA), for treatment of tumors of intestines and kidney but it is being tested in research studies for use in men with prostate cancer.


Condition Intervention Phase
Prostate Cancer
Prostatectomy
Drug: Sunitinib Malate
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Non-Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Pharmacokinetics/Dynamics Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Investigator-Initiated Pilot Study of Sunitinib Malate in Patients With Newly Diagnosed Prostate Cancer Prior to Prostatectomy

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Duke University:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Change in Apoptotic Indices Before and After Treatment [ Time Frame: Baseline and 4 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Pathologic changes will be described using immuno-histochemical techniques (assessment of apoptotic/proliferative indices and microvessel density (MVD)) using paraffin-embedded samples and freshly cut slides from the block which are deparaffinized and rehydrated through graded alcohol, where applicable. Antigen retrieval will be accomplished by microwaving in citrate buffer from 5 to 7 minutes for the Ki-67 and MVD analysis. Mean difference in %apoptosis (measured as %TUNEL positive cells per high powered field) between pre and post treatment will be reported.

  • Change in Proliferation Indices Before and After Treatment [ Time Frame: Baseline and 4 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Pathologic changes will be described using immuno-histochemical techniques (assessment of apoptotic/proliferative indices and microvessel density (MVD)) using paraffin-embedded samples and freshly cut slides from the block which are deparaffinized and rehydrated through graded alcohol, where applicable. Antigen retrieval will be accomplished by microwaving in citrate buffer from 5 to 7 minutes for the Ki-67 and MVD analysis. Mean difference in %proliferation (Ki67 positive nuclei out of total nuclei) between pre and post treatment will be reported.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Number of Patients Experiencing Grade ≥4 Hematologic or Grade ≥3 Non-hematologic Toxicity [ Time Frame: 4 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Adverse events were collected using Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) version 3.0 and were converted to version 4.0 for the purposes of ClinicalTrials.gov reporting.

  • Change in Pathologic (Microvessel Density). [ Time Frame: Baseline and 4 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Pathologic changes will be described using immuno-histochemical techniques (assessment of microvessel density (MVD)) using paraffin-embedded samples and freshly cut slides from the block which are deparaffinized and rehydrated through graded alcohol, where applicable. Antigen retrieval will be accomplished by microwaving in citrate buffer from 5 to 7 minutes for the MVD analysis. Results are reported as the difference in pre and post MVD. Units for MVD are number of CD31 cells per high powered field.

  • Change in Systemic Parameters Before and After Sunitinib Malate Treatment. [ Time Frame: Baseline and 4 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    We evaluated candidate biomarkers of this pathway to predict for pharmacodynamic response to Sunitinib malate. In addition, a 7 ml plasma sample was collected at baseline and again at 4 weeks on all patients to assess possible biomarkers of response. Reported is the mean percent change in plasma concentration for each marker between 4 weeks and baseline.

  • Protein Levels and Activation Status of PDGFR in Prostate Cancer Tissue. [ Time Frame: 4 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    We will perform immunohistochemistry staining on snap frozen specimens for endothelial and pericyte cell staining as previously described (42). Frozen prostate tumor biopsies are sectioned at 6μm thickness and fixed with acetone for 10 minutes. Endogenous peroxidase activity is quenched with 3% hydrogen peroxide for 15 min and then blocked with 5% normal serum. The slides are incubated with the primary antibody (1;100) overnight at 4 C°, and washed with PBS. Negative controls will be included by omission of the primary antibody. Biotinylated donkey antimouse antibody (1:1000, v/v) will be applied for 30 min at room temperature, followed by application of ABC kit (Vector Lab, Inc., Burlingame, USA). Slides are again washed in PBS and the color is developed by 5 min incubation with diaminobenzidine (DAB) solution. Slides are then counterstained with hematoxylin. Mean protein levels are presented.

  • Difference in Gene Expression Patterns Using Microarray Analysis [ Time Frame: 4 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Microarray data of 21 specimens from men enrolled who have undergone a prostatectomy and study treatment were compared to data from 21 prostatectomy only specimens. We used previously developed genomic signatures to measure the deregulation of oncogenic pathways built using Bayesian Probit models for 'metagene' factors from a singular value decomposition of top differentially expressed genes. A Monte Carlo Markov Chain was used to generate the predicted probabilities of pathway activity in normalized samples. We predicted the activity of these pathways, leading to the generation of probability measures that have previously reflected the state of pathway activity. These probability scores are interpreted as gene expression values to describe pathway activity patterns. A probability near 0 indicates a low chance of pathway activity; a probability near 1 indicates a higher likelihood of activity. Differences (treatment - control) in mean probability for each pathway are reported.

  • Interstitial Fluid Pressure (IFP) [ Time Frame: 4 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Measure Interstitial fluid pressure (IFP) pre-treatment and during treatment to indirectly measure the effect of Sunitinib malate on transcapillary transport and correlate with other biologic evidence of treatment effect.Eligible patients who sign consent will undergo a baseline transrectal ultrasound (TRUS)-guided measurement of tumor IFP. Participants will then begin treatment with daily oral Sunitinib malate with biweekly monitoring for response and toxicity. After 4 weeks of therapy, patients undergo a repeat TRUS and tumor IFP measurement. Following a 1 to 2 week wash out period, patients undergo prostatectomy with pathologic tissue collection. This will be performed as a means to evaluate whether Sunitinib malate has the ability to decrease tumor IFP, and whether this correlates with other tr


Enrollment: 30
Study Start Date: July 2006
Study Completion Date: September 2013
Primary Completion Date: September 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Sunitinib Malate
Sunitinib Malate 50mg capsule by mouth once daily for 4 weeks
Drug: Sunitinib Malate
Sunitinib Malate 50mg capsule by mouth once daily for 4 weeks
Other Name: Sutent

Detailed Description:

Eligible patients will be treated with 50 mg once daily for four weeks followed by one to two weeks off treatment prior to undergoing radical prostatectomy. Patients with palpable disease (cT2-3) and patients with 3 or more positive prostatic biopsies from one lobe may undergo an additional study of IFP monitoring before treatment and during week 4 of study treatment. Safety and tolerability of Sunitinib malate therapy at this dose and schedule in this patient population will be assessed. Extensive correlative science evaluations, including assessment of physiologic, cellular, molecular and genetic changes during treatment with Sunitinib malate, will be performed

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Male
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Histologic evidence of adenocarcinoma of the prostate deemed candidates for curative RRP
  • Intermediate or high risk, clinically localized disease
  • Adequate organ function
  • Patients must be surgically sterile or must agree to use effective contraception during the period of therapy
  • Select imaging to rule out metastasis will be done as clinically indicated
  • Signed and date informed consent document

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Prior treatment for prostate cancer
  • Major surgery or radiation therapy within 4 weeks of starting the study treatment
  • NCI CTCAE grade 3 hemorrhage within 4 weeks of starting therapy
  • History of or known metastatic prostate cancer
  • Any of the following within the 6 months prior to study drug administration: myocardial infarction, severe/unstable angina, coronary/peripheral artery bypass graft, symptomatic congestive heart failure, cerebrovascular accident or transient ischemic attack, or pulmonary embolism.
  • Ongoing cardiac dysrhythmias of NCI CTCAE grade 2 or greater
  • QTc interval > 500 msec on baseline EKG
  • Hypertension that cannot be controlled by medications (>150/100 mm Hg despite optimal medical therapy).
  • Pre-existing thyroid abnormality with thyroid function that cannot be maintained in the normal range with medication
  • Known active infection
  • Concurrent treatment on another clinical trial. Supportive care trials or non-treatment trials, e.g. QOL, are allowed.
  • Other severe acute or chronic medical or psychiatric condition or laboratory abnormality that may increase the risk associated with study participation or study drug administration, or may interfere with the interpretation of study results, and in the judgment of the investigator would make the subject inappropriate for entry into this study.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00672594

Locations
United States, North Carolina
Duke University Medical Center
Durham, North Carolina, United States, 27710
United States, Texas
MD Anderson, University of Texas
Houston, Texas, United States, 77030
Sponsors and Collaborators
Duke University
Pfizer
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Daniel J George, MD Duke University
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Duke University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00672594     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: Pro00007396, DUMC-8725
Study First Received: May 4, 2008
Results First Received: October 25, 2013
Last Updated: July 31, 2014
Health Authority: United States: Institutional Review Board

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Prostatic Neoplasms
Genital Neoplasms, Male
Urogenital Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Genital Diseases, Male
Prostatic Diseases
Sunitinib
Antineoplastic Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Pharmacologic Actions
Angiogenesis Inhibitors
Angiogenesis Modulating Agents
Growth Substances
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Growth Inhibitors

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on September 18, 2014