Effects of a Dopamine Agonist on Pharmacodynamics of Levodopa in Parkinson's Disease (DALI)
The purpose of this study is to determine whether there is a benefit to giving a dopamine agonist to a patient with Parkinson's disease who is already being treated with levodopa.
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Effects of a Dopamine Agonist on Pharmacodynamics of Levodopa in Parkinson's Disease: a Double-Blind Placebo Controlled Crossover Study|
- Area Under the Curve of motor function based on finger tapping scores [ Time Frame: 2 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- Dyskinesia rating score [ Time Frame: 2 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- Gait performance [ Time Frame: 2 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
|Study Start Date:||July 2003|
|Study Completion Date:||May 2007|
|Primary Completion Date:||May 2007 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Patients with idiopathic PD based on London Brain Bank criteria as determined by an OHSU movement disorder specialist entered the study. They gave informed consent to a protocol approved by the Oregon Health and Science University Institutional Review Board and General Clinical Research Center (GCRC) Review Committee.
Patients were on long-term levodopa therapy, and had motor fluctuations and dyskinesia as determined during screening. Subjects were screened with finger tapping (FT) in the practically defined OFF motor state, having been off LD overnight, and in the practically defined ON motor state. To qualify, they had to have a minimum 10% improvement in the ON state.
The trial was a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled crossover study with subjects on pramipexole for 4 weeks and an identically appearing placebo for 4 weeks. The response to two-hour LD infusions at 0.5 (threshold) and 1.0 (suprathreshold) mg/kg/hr were examined at the end of each 4 week treatment period.
The primary outcome was finger-tapping speed, as a surrogate marker of bradykinesia, over a seven hour time period. The area under the curve (AUC) was calculated as finger taps x minutes (FTM). Secondary outcomes measured included peak motor response, as measured by FT, walking speed, dyskinesia, time-to-ON (defined as a 10% increase in finger tapping speed over the baseline), and effects of LD infusion on subjects' perceived mood, anxiety and fatigue.
Subjects were randomized to receive either pramipexole (PPX) or placebo for the initial 5 weeks of the study. The PPX and placebo was titrated up over 9 days to a target dose of 1.0mg TID. If they were already taking a DA, this was tapered and discontinued while the study medication was titrated upward. Their LD was continued according to the subjects normal schedule during this time period, as well as any other antiparkinsonian medications they were taking.
After a maintenance phase of 4 weeks on study medication (PPX 1.0mg TID or placebo TID) subjects were admitted in the evening to the inpatient GCRC at OHSU. Their last LD dose was given no later than 10 pm and all other PD medications were withheld after 10 pm. They practiced FT sessions on the night of admission. At 7 AM the next morning, a dose of the study drug was given and an IV line was placed. An IV levodopa infusion was administered starting at 9 am, continuously over 2 hours at a rate of either 0.5mg/kg/hr or 1.0 mg/kg/hr. The infusion rate was blinded and randomized. The infusion was stopped at 11 am. After 2:00 PM and when subjects were deemed "off", the usual antiparkinson medications were reinstituted.
FT, tremor, walking (timed and # of steps), dyskinesia, and a "global" PD scale were measured by research nurses, and subjects completed visual analogue scales (VASs) for anxiety, fatigue and mood every 30 minutes from 7:00 AM until 2:00 PM.
|United States, Oregon|
|Oregon Health & Science University|
|Portland, Oregon, United States, 97239|
|Principal Investigator:||Matthew A Brodsky, MD||Oregon Health and Science University|