A Phase I Trial of Normothermic Isolated Limb Infusion (ILI) With Melphalan Plus Buthionine Sulfoximine (BSO) in Patients With Locally Advanced Malignant Melanoma

This study has been withdrawn prior to enrollment.
(The study was withdrawn due to lack of patients.)
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Duke University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00661336
First received: April 17, 2008
Last updated: March 14, 2013
Last verified: April 2010
  Purpose

RATIONALE: Buthionine sulfoximine may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as melphalan, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Sometimes when chemotherapy is given, it does not stop the growth of tumor cells. The tumor is said to be resistant to chemotherapy. Giving buthionine sulfoximine together with chemotherapy may reduce drug resistance and allow the tumor cells to be killed.

PURPOSE: This phase I trial is studying the side effects and best dose of melphalan when given as an isolated limb infusion together with buthionine sulfoximine in treating patients with persistent or recurrent stage III malignant melanoma.


Condition Intervention Phase
Melanoma (Skin)
Drug: buthionine sulfoximine
Drug: melphalan
Genetic: microarray analysis
Other: high performance liquid chromatography
Other: laboratory biomarker analysis
Other: pharmacological study
Procedure: biopsy
Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: An Open-Label, Multicenter, Phase 1 Dose Escalation Study to Evaluate Safety, Tolerability and Anti-tumor Activity of Systemic Buthionine Sulfoximine (BSO) in Combination With Normothermic Isolated Limb Infusion of Melphalan in Subjects With Locally Advanced In-Transit Malignant Melanoma

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Duke University:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Maximum tolerated dose of melphalan when administered as an isolated limb infusion in combination with a systemic infusion of buthionine sulfoximine (BSO) [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Dose-limiting toxicity of regional melphalan when administered with systemic BSO [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Clinical response [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Effectiveness of systemic BSO in decreasing tumor glutathione (GSH) levels and its effect on GST activity and GST expression [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Correlation between tumor GSH levels and GSH levels in peripheral blood mononuclear cells to determine if the latter can serve as a surrogate marker for tumor GSH depletion [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Pharmacokinetics [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • mRNA expression signature of melphalan resistance [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Efficacy as defined by the RECIST criteria modified for cutaneous lesions [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Correlation of baseline mRNA expression signature of melphalan resistance with treatment efficacy [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Enrollment: 0
Study Start Date: April 2008
Primary Completion Date: December 2009 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES:

Primary

  • To determine the maximum tolerated dose of melphalan when administered as an isolated limb infusion in combination with a systemic infusion of buthionine sulfoximine (BSO) in patients with persistent or recurrent stage IIIB or IIIC in-transit malignant melanoma.

Secondary

  • To define the dose-limiting toxicity of regional melphalan when administered with systemic BSO in these patients.
  • To determine whether the combination of systemic BSO and regional melphalan can yield clinical responses in patients who have not responded well to prior melphalan-based regional treatment.
  • To determine the effectiveness of systemic BSO in decreasing tumor glutathione (GSH) levels and its effect on GST activity and GST expression.
  • To examine the correlation between tumor GSH levels and GSH levels in peripheral blood mononuclear cells to determine if the latter can serve as a surrogate marker for tumor GSH depletion.
  • To determine the pharmacokinetics of systemic BSO and regional melphalan in these patients.
  • To determine if BSO alters the mRNA expression signature of melphalan resistance.
  • To determine, preliminarily, the efficacy of systemic BSO and regional melphalan in these patients.
  • To correlate baseline mRNA expression signature of melphalan resistance with treatment efficacy.

OUTLINE: This is a multicenter, dose-escalation study of melphalan.

Patients receive buthionine sulfoximine (BSO) IV continuously on days 1-3 and melphalan as an isolated limb infusion (ILI) over 30 minutes on day 2 in the absence of progressive disease or unacceptable toxicity.

Patients undergo biopsies and blood sample collection at baseline, immediately before and during ILI, and then at 12 weeks after ILI or at the time of disease progression. Samples are analyzed for GST genotype, tumor glutathione (GSH) levels (by enzymatic assay or HPLC/fluorescence detection [FLD]), drug pharmacokinetics, and mRNA expression signature of melphalan resistance.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed at 2, 6, and 12 weeks, every 3 months for 1 year, and then every 6 months for up to 2 years.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS:

  • Histologically proven primary or recurrent in-transit melanoma of the extremity

    • Stage IIIB or IIIC disease, as determined by whole body imaging with a CT scan of the chest, abdomen, and pelvis AND PET scan within the past 4 weeks

      • Patients with stage IIIC disease must have undergone removal of regional lymph nodes
      • Patients with indeterminate staging must be reviewed by the study chairs prior to study registration
  • Previously treated with melphalan-based regional therapy and had persistent disease at 3 months OR achieved a complete response but disease recurred within 6 months
  • Disease to be treated by regional therapy must be distal to the planned site of tourniquet placement
  • Bidimensionally measurable disease by caliper or a radiological method as defined by the RECIST criteria modified for cutaneous lesions

    • Photo documentation required
    • Patients with a single lesion must have archived tumor tissue available for study analysis
  • No history of tumors with clinically significant evidence of active bleeding (e.g., gross hemoptysis, hematemesis, hematuria, melena, or bleeding superficial tumor) within the past 12 weeks
  • No stage IV disease
  • No cerebral metastases

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS:

  • ECOG/Zubrod performance status 0-1
  • Serum creatinine ≤ 1.5 mg/dL
  • WBC ≥ 3,000/mm^3
  • Platelet count ≥ 100,000/mm^3
  • Hemoglobin ≥ 10 g/dL
  • Bilirubin normal
  • AST and ALT ≤ 2.5 times normal
  • Must have a palpable femoral/axillary pulse in the affected extremity
  • No uncontrolled seizures or clinically significant CNS disorders
  • No psychiatric condition or diminished capacity that could preclude study compliance or giving informed consent
  • No history of allergic reactions and/or hypersensitivity to melphalan
  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Negative pregnancy test
  • Fertile patients must use effective contraception
  • No history of other malignancies except adequately treated basal cell or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin; curatively treated carcinoma in situ of the uterine cervix, prostate cancer, or superficial bladder cancer; or other curatively treated solid tumors with no evidence of disease for ≥ 5 years
  • No stroke or other major tissue injury within the past 4 weeks
  • No other uncontrolled serious chronic disease or condition that, in the investigator's opinion, could preclude study compliance or follow-up

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY:

  • See Disease Characteristics
  • Recovered from prior therapy
  • More than 4 weeks since prior major surgery

    • Wound healing adequate since last major surgery
  • More than 4 weeks since prior antineoplastic therapy, radiotherapy, or any other investigational drug
  • More than 7 days since prior antimicrobial agents (i.e., antibiotic, antifungal, or antiviral agents) for active infection or infectious symptoms
  • No drugs that are known to cause enhanced glutathione depletion (e.g., acetaminophen) for 7 days before, during, and for 7 days after buthionine sulfoximine (BSO) administration
  • No cephalosporin antibiotics for 7 days before, during, and for 7 days after BSO administration
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00661336

Locations
United States, North Carolina
Duke Comprehensive Cancer Center
Durham, North Carolina, United States, 27710
United States, Texas
M. D. Anderson Cancer Center at University of Texas
Houston, Texas, United States, 77030-4009
Sponsors and Collaborators
Duke University
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Douglas S. Tyler, MD Duke Cancer Institute
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Duke University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00661336     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: Pro00001793, DUMC-PRO00001793
Study First Received: April 17, 2008
Last Updated: March 14, 2013
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration
United States: Institutional Review Board

Keywords provided by Duke University:
stage III melanoma
recurrent melanoma

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Melanoma
Neuroendocrine Tumors
Neuroectodermal Tumors
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue
Nevi and Melanomas
Melphalan
Buthionine Sulfoximine
Myeloablative Agonists
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Pharmacologic Actions
Antineoplastic Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating
Alkylating Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Antimetabolites
Enzyme Inhibitors
Radiation-Protective Agents
Protective Agents
Radiation-Sensitizing Agents

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on July 22, 2014