Pilot Study of Shared Care of ADHD in a Pediatric Clinic:Colocation of a Psychologist as an ADHD Care Manager (shared care)

The recruitment status of this study is unknown because the information has not been verified recently.
Verified November 2010 by Weill Medical College of Cornell University.
Recruitment status was  Recruiting
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
New York State Psychiatric Institute
Research Foundation for Mental Hygiene, Inc.
Columbia University
Information provided by:
Weill Medical College of Cornell University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00644566
First received: March 19, 2008
Last updated: November 4, 2010
Last verified: November 2010
  Purpose

Due to the shortage of child psychiatrists and the high prevalence of child mental health disorder, pediatricians and other pediatric primary care providers often assume responsibility for the management of various psychiatric disorders, including ADHD, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. However, pediatricians have not been well-trained during residency to deal with the complexities of ADHD management. In addition, the system of care under which pediatricians practice do not afford the time availability that is required to properly manage a child with ADHD. On the other hand, if a pediatrician wishes to refer a patient to a child mental health specialist, many obstacles, including but not limited to stigma, insurance issues, and long waiting lists, often interfere with the patient actually receiving services for his/her ADHD. This research project seeks to examine an innovative model of care in which a child psychologist is located on the premises of a pediatric office and is available to share the care of patients with the pediatrician in order to address ADHD. We hypothesize that parents as well as pediatricians will be more satisfied with this model of care and that patients will ultimately have better outcomes. The beginning of our pilot has shown under-identification to be a barrier to care as well, and thus we propose to implement a quality improvement initiative to screen children for psychosocial issues as well. As we have had trouble with recruitment and unfortunately have had more children randomized to TAU than shared care, we propose in December 2007 a phase 2 of our study where all subjects, instead of randomization, are entered into shared care.


Condition Intervention
ADHD
Other: Shared Care

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Health Services Research
Official Title: Pilot Study of Shared Care of ADHD in a Pediatric Clinic:Colocation of a Psychologist as an ADHD Care Manager

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Weill Medical College of Cornell University:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • A higher proportion of patients treated by the pediatric providers and psychologists than those in usual care receive doses of medication that are consistent with AAP (American Academy of Pediatrics) recommendations [ Time Frame: six months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Co-located services will increase the number of ADHD patients accessing specialized mental health treatment services [ Time Frame: six months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • 2. Patients whose providers are offered to receive the aid of the co-located psychologists will be more likely to be co-managed by the pediatrician than referred out to the community. [ Time Frame: six months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Parents will be more satisfied with care in the shared care model than in usual care [ Time Frame: six months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Estimated Enrollment: 140
Study Start Date: August 2006
Estimated Study Completion Date: June 2008
Estimated Primary Completion Date: June 2008 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
No Intervention: TAU
Treatment as usual. These subjects and their providers were told to pursue treatment services as they normally would do.
Experimental: shared care
A psychologist co-located in the pediatric primary care clinic shared care with the subject's pediatrician. The psychologist offered regular appointments and psychoeducation. On an individual basis, parent management training, behavioral management training, individual psychotherapy, educational intervention assistance, teacher communication, and medication education were provided as needed.
Other: Shared Care
A psychologist co-located in the pediatric primary care clinic shared care with the subject's pediatrician. The psychologist offered regular appointments and psychoeducation. On an individual basis, parent management training, behavioral management training, individual psychotherapy, educational intervention assistance, teacher communication, and medication education were provided as needed.

Detailed Description:

Study Goals:

A. To compare patients with ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder) treated by a pediatric provider in collaboration with a co-located psychologist/ADHD care manager available for evaluation/assessment and ongoing shared-care consultation to patients with ADHD in a pediatric primary care clinic treated as usual.

  1. Patients treated by the pediatricians with the added co-located services will have clinical outcomes that are superior to those that receive usual care

    1. Co-located services will increase the number of ADHD patients accessing specialized mental health treatment services
    2. A higher proportion of patients treated by the pediatric providers and psychologists than those in usual care receive doses of medication that are consistent with AAP (American Academy of Pediatrics) recommendations
  2. Patients whose providers are offered to receive the aid of the co-located psychologists will be more likely to be co-managed by the pediatrician than referred out to the community.
  3. Parents will be more satisfied with care in the shared care model than in usual care

B. Pediatricians' morale and attitudes to the treatment of ADHD will improve with the addition of a co-located psychologist.

C. ADDITIONAL AIMS:

  1. To assist a pediatric primary care clinic in implementing a quality improvement initiative to help pediatric providers better identify ADHD by implementing the PSC-17, a general psychosocial checklist.
  2. Study the usefulness of using the PSC 17 screen as a clinical tool to identify ADHD in the primary care office by obtaining results and tracking physician disposition planning based on results.

D. Operationalize Shared Care by examining what happens in such an arrangement, and see if patient recruitment and provider buy-in improves when shared care is assured.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   6 Years to 17 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria (Patient subjects):

  • Age 6-17
  • Suspected diagnosis of ADHD, inattentive type, hyperactive type, combined type, NOS
  • Living with Guardian for at least 6 months
  • English-speaking child
  • English-speaking guardian
  • Telephone Access to Guardian
  • Inclusion for Randomization or Phase 2 shared care:
  • Diagnosis of ADHD

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Mental Retardation
  • Co-morbid psychotic disorder
  • Suicidal
  • Homicidal
  • Dangerous behavior
  • Foster care
  • Impairing co-morbid psychiatric disorder that would make ADHD treatment in a pediatric clinic unsafe or inappropriate (in the judgment of the PI based on the case review of the findings of the clinical psychologist.)
  • Allergic or contraindication to stimulant medications

Inclusion Criteria (Provider subjects):

  • Provider at Cornell Campus Helmsley Tower 5/ Long Island City Campus

Exclusion Criteria:

  • None

Inclusion for screening:

  • Age 6-17
  • Child is to be seen by pediatric provider at HT5
  • Parent or guardian reads English or Spanish

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Parent/Guardian has received screen within the year
  • Patient is too sick for parent to spend time on form
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00644566

Contacts
Contact: Rachel A Zuckerbrot, MD 212-543-2628 zuckerbr@childpsych.columbia.edu

Locations
United States, New York
Long Island City Community Practice Active, not recruiting
Long Island City, New York, United States, 11106
New York Presbyterina Hospital- Weill Cornell Medcial College HT5 Pediatrics Clinic Recruiting
New York, New York, United States, 10021
Sponsors and Collaborators
Weill Medical College of Cornell University
New York State Psychiatric Institute
Research Foundation for Mental Hygiene, Inc.
Columbia University
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Daniel Hyman, MD New York Presbyterian Hospital
Principal Investigator: Rachel Zuckerbrot, MD Columbia University/New York State Psychiatric Institute
Principal Investigator: Mark Olfson, MD Columbia University/New York State Psychiatric Institute
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Daniel Hyman, M.D., M.M.M., New York Presbyterian Hospital
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00644566     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 0604008460
Study First Received: March 19, 2008
Last Updated: November 4, 2010
Health Authority: United States: Institutional Review Board

Keywords provided by Weill Medical College of Cornell University:
ADHD
Primary Care
Pediatrics
Health services
shared care
care manager
screening

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on September 16, 2014