The Gene Expression Studies of the Role of Tumor Microenvironments in Tumor Progression

This study has been withdrawn prior to enrollment.
(the study has stopped due to no recruitment)
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Duke University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00638040
First received: March 12, 2008
Last updated: July 9, 2014
Last verified: February 2013
  Purpose

The purpose of this study is to analyze the gene expression patterns associated with various microenvironmental stresses in tumors to understand their roles in tumor progression and treatment responses. To achieve this goal, we will perform gene expression analysis of the tumor samples collected from an IRB-approved study (IRB #: 4516-05-2R2) International Phase III Study of Chemoradiotherapy versus Chemoradiotherapy Plus Hyperthermia for Locally Advanced Cervical Cancer directed by Dr. Mark Dewhirst. We will correlate the gene expression signatures of different microenvironmental stresses with the measured physiological parameters to understand their role in tumor progression, treatment response and clinical outcomes.


Condition
Hypoxia
Lactic Acidosis

Study Type: Observational
Study Design: Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Cross-Sectional
Official Title: The Gene Expression Studies of Tumor Microenvironments and Their Roles in Tumor Progression

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Duke University:

Enrollment: 0
Study Start Date: September 2009
Study Completion Date: September 2012
Primary Completion Date: September 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Groups/Cohorts
1
The purpose of this study is to analyze the gene expression patterns associated with various microenvironmental stresses in tumors to understand their roles in tumor progression and treatment responses. To achieve this goal, we will perform gene expression analysis of the tumor samples collected from an IRB-approved study (IRB #: 4516-05-2R2) International Phase III Study of Chemoradiotherapy versus Chemoradiotherapy Plus Hyperthermia for Locally Advanced Cervical Cancer directed by Dr. Mark Dewhirst. We will correlate the gene expression signatures of different microenvironmental stresses with the measured physiological parameters to understand their role in tumor progression, treatment response and clinical outcomes.

Detailed Description:

In the first part of the proposal, we will determine the cellular responses to various microenvironmental factors (such as lactosis, acidosis, hypoxia, glucose deprivation) in cultured epithelial cells (commercially obtained) making use of DNA microarray analysis. From the analysis of these microarray assays, we will obtain the gene signatures reflecting how cells respond to these environments stresses. These gene signatures will be used to analyze and annotate the gene expression patterns in the tumor samples and whether hyperthermia will affect the physiological parameters and the corresponding gene signatures.

In the second part of the proposal, we will work with Dr. Dewhirst to perform gene expression study of cervical cancer samples from a phase III, multicenter, randomized clinical trial (IRB 4516-05-2R2). The subjects will de-identified and we will not obtain directly the PHI of the subjects in this trial. Subjects will be randomized to chemoradiotherapy alone or chemoradiotherapy + hyperthermia. For subjects randomized to hyperthermia, heat treatments will be administered concurrently with chemotherapy once weekly during the course of external beam radiation. In the hyperthermia suite, catheters will be placed in the cervical os, vagina and rectum for internal temperature monitoring. Hyperthermia will be given externally to the pelvis and abdomen using the BSD Sigma 60 ,Sigma Eye or Sigma Ellipse systems. Initial power will be limited to less than 1500 watts with phase and amplitude adjusted for equal surface electric fields in each quadrant of the applicator. Heating will continue for 60 minutes after average cervical os or interstitial temperatures of 40°C have been achieved, or for a maximum total duration of 90 minutes, whichever is longest. The bolus temperature will be 37° at initiation of power and will be reduced as necessary for patient comfort and/or to help maintain oral temperature of 38.5C. Power will also be reduced or treatment will be stopped at the patient request, or due to intractable pain, nausea or vomiting, if normal tissue temperature rises to 44°C, pulse > 160, BP > 180/100 or < 90/50, altered mental status, or systemic temperature > 38.5°C.

A. The research materials will include the tumor biopsy obtained before and after HT treatments to be used for gene expression studies as well as for the IHC and ISH studies to the findings from our microarray analysis. We will also obtain the information on the tumor physiological parameters information measured in these tumors.

B. The data of the tumor physiological parameters measured and the response to treatments and other clinical outcomes of these patients will also be acquired.

C. Only the physicians taking care of the patients will have access to the patient identifies and other Protected Health Information (PHI). All information will be de-identified and remain anonymous during the studies.

D. The specimens will be collected when the patients undergo medical care for their respective diseases. No new materials or data will need to be collected specifically for this proposal. These biopsies and physiological measurements are included in the original proposed clinical trials.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 50 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population

The subjects will be de-identified and a system of patient identified will be used to correlate with the clinical data. The patients will be recruited as described in the original approved study. When patients with newly diagnosed cervix cancer are seen at Duke in the GYN Oncology Division or Radiation Oncology, appropriate patients will be offered protocol enrollment. Clinical faculty in both divisions also see new patients at satellite clinics elsewhere in North Carolina and Virginia, and eligible patients may also be enrolled from these encounters. We anticipate enrolling significant number of Spanish speaking women having in mind the increased growth of Latino population in the area.

Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Invasive cervical carcinoma (small cell histology excluded)
  • Age 18 or over
  • FIGO stage IIb-IVa
  • ECOG/WHO 0,1, or 2, or >/= 70% respectively
  • WBC >/= 3,000, platelets >/= 100,000
  • Hgb>12.0 g/dL or >7.5 mmol/L, with transfusion if needed
  • Serum bilirubin </= 1.5 times ULN, transaminase </= 3 times ULN
  • Calculated creatinine clearance > 60 ml/liter (Cockcroft)
  • Para-aortic adenopathy absent or 1.5 cm in greatest dimension on CT/MRI
  • No history of myocardial infarction in the last 6 months
  • No symptomatic angina pectoris
  • Any past history of coronary artery disease must require assessment and clearance by the PCP and/or cardiologist
  • Negative pregnancy test in patients under 50
  • Written informed consent

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients who have undergone surgical resection of the primary tumor are not eligible (Limited surgical resection of pelvic nodes without TAH is acceptable)
  • Patients with pacemakers or implanted defibrillators
  • Patients with significant metallic foreign bodies (i.e. hip replacements, bone metallic rods, orthopedic plates, etc.)
  • Prior radiotherapy or chemotherapy
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00638040

Locations
United States, North Carolina
Duke Medical Center
Durham, North Carolina, United States, 27708
Sponsors and Collaborators
Duke University
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Jen-Tsan Chi, Ph.D. Duke University
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Duke University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00638040     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: Pro00006979, R01CA125618, 9070-07
Study First Received: March 12, 2008
Last Updated: July 9, 2014
Health Authority: United States: Institutional Review Board

Keywords provided by Duke University:
hypoxia
lactate
pH
tumor microenvironments
survival

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Acidosis, Lactic
Acidosis
Acid-Base Imbalance
Metabolic Diseases

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on September 29, 2014