Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy (SBRT) for Lung Tumors
The purpose of this research study is to determine if Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy(SBRT) is a good way to treat tumors near the thorax. Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy (SBRT) is a general term for a group of techniques that are designed to deliver radiation therapy in a way that damages normal tissues less than conventional radiotherapy. The two features that distinguish SBRT from conventional therapy are procedures that decrease errors in patient positioning and technology that results in a radiation dose distribution that conforms more tightly to the tumor target. Patients will receive either 48 Gy or 60 Gy fractions depending on the type of tumor. The majority of patients will be treated in 1 week, Monday through Friday, with Wednesday off.
|Study Design:||Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy for Tumors in the Thorax|
- Disease Status [ Time Frame: 2 yrs ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]2-year local control (Percentage of tumors that did not recur at treated site 2 years after treatment), cause-specific survival (percentage of patients who had not died from disease under study in the 2 years since treatment), overall survival (percent of patients still alive at 2 years after treatment), and freedom from failure (percentage of patients in whom the disease treated had not progressed or recurred in the 2 years since treatment)
- Toxicity ot the Thorax [ Time Frame: up to 2 years, 9 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Toxicity is defined as adverse events described in the CTCAE (version 3). Acute toxicity refers to adverse events that occurred up until 3 months after treatment and "late" toxicity as those occurring 3 months or longer after the end of treatment. Below are the Rates of grade 2 acute toxicity, grade 3 acute toxicity, late grade 3 toxicity, and late grade 4 toxicity
|Study Start Date:||January 2006|
|Study Completion Date:||November 2008|
|Primary Completion Date:||October 2008 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Radiation: Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy
Stereotactic Body Radiotherapy (SBRT) for tumors in the thorax is a relatively new therapy in the United States, but has been used extensively in Japan for more than 10 years. This protocol seeks to enroll patients in three broad categories based on histology and clinical scenario: primary therapy for non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC), primary therapy to thoracic metastases, and retreatment of previously irradiated tumors or lung.
Primary lung tumors
Several studies have been published describing the utility of Stereotactic Body Radiotherapy (SBRT) for primary untreated lung tumors. In the United States, the most influential has been the experience of Robert Timmerman at the University of Indiana (7). They enrolled 37 patients in a dose escalation trial of SBRT for T1 N0 and T2 N0 patients with Non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The trial began with 24 Gy given in 3 fractions and escalated to 60 Gy given in 3 fractions. Dose limited toxicity (DLT) was defined as any grade 3 pulmonary, esophageal, cardiac, or pericardial toxicity, or any grade 4 toxicity that was ascribed to the protocol treatment using the Common Toxicity Criteria from the National Cancer Institute. The maximum tolerated dose (MTD) was defined at dose where less and 2 of 5 enrolled patients experienced DLT. The MTD was not determined by this trial as this criteria was not met in the enrolled patients. Of the 37 patients, 2 experienced Grade 3 toxicity. One patient experienced pneumonitis and other patient experienced hypoxemia. Both patients responded to therapy and made full recoveries. There were no long term complications reported from the treatment at a mean follow-up of 15 months.
|United States, Florida|
|University of Florida Shands Cancer Center|
|Gainesville, Florida, United States, 32610|
|Principal Investigator:||Robert J Amdur, MD||University of Florida- Radiation Oncology|