Safety and Efficacy Comparison of Docetaxel and Ixabepilone in Non Metastatic Poor Prognosis Breast Cancer (TavIx)

This study is ongoing, but not recruiting participants.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
UNICANCER
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00630032
First received: March 5, 2008
Last updated: December 9, 2013
Last verified: December 2013
  Purpose

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Giving more than one drug (combination chemotherapy) and giving them after surgery may kill any tumor cells remaining after surgery. It is not yet known whether docetaxel is more effective than ixabepilone when given after surgery and combination chemotherapy in treating breast cancer.

PURPOSE: This randomized phase III trial is studying giving combination chemotherapy followed by docetaxel or ixabepilone to compare how well they work in treating patients who have undergone surgery for nonmetastatic breast cancer.


Condition Intervention Phase
Breast Cancer
Drug: cyclophosphamide
Drug: Docetaxel
Drug: epirubicin hydrochloride
Drug: fluorouracil
Drug: ixabepilone
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Randomized, Open Label, Multicentric Phase III Evaluating the Benefit of a Sequential Regimen Associating FEC 100 and Ixabepilone in Adjuvant Treatment of Non Metastatic, Poor Prognosis Breast Cancer Defined as Triple-negative Tumor [HER2 Negative - ER Negative - PR Negative] or [HER2 Negative and PR Negative] Tumor; in Node Positive or Node Negative Patients.

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by UNICANCER:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Disease-free survival (DFS) defined as a local, regional, or metastatic relapse, a contralateral breast cancer, or a death of any cause [ Time Frame: at 5 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • DFS for triple-negative and ER+/PR-/HER2- subgroups [ Time Frame: at 5 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Distant metastasis-free survival for whole population and subgroups [ Time Frame: at 5 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Event-free survival defined as local, regional, or metastatic relapse, a contralateral breast cancer, a second cancer, or death of any cause [ Time Frame: at 5 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Overall survival [ Time Frame: at 5 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Toxicity as measured by CTC-AE scale version [ Time Frame: During treatment phase ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Biotheque transcriptome and proteome analysis [ Time Frame: after survival analysis ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Quality of life as measured by QlQ C30/Br23 [ Time Frame: During treatment phase ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Enrollment: 762
Study Start Date: September 2007
Estimated Study Completion Date: September 2017
Estimated Primary Completion Date: June 2014 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: Arm A
3 cycles of FEC100 (F and C, each at 500 mg/m², E 100 mg/m², every 3 weeks) followed by 3 cycles of D (100 mg/m² every 3 weeks)
Drug: cyclophosphamide
500 mg/m2 every 3 weeks
Drug: Docetaxel
100 mg/m2 every 3 weeks
Drug: epirubicin hydrochloride
100 mg/m2 every 3 weeks
Drug: fluorouracil
500 mg/m2 every 3 weeks
Experimental: Arm B
3 cycles of FEC100 (F and C, each at 500 mg/m², E 100 mg/m², every 3 weeks) followed by 3 cycles of Ixabepilone (40 mg/m² every 3 weeks);
Drug: cyclophosphamide
500 mg/m2 every 3 weeks
Drug: epirubicin hydrochloride
100 mg/m2 every 3 weeks
Drug: fluorouracil
500 mg/m2 every 3 weeks
Drug: ixabepilone
40 mg/m2 every 3 weeks

Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES:

Primary

  • To evaluate the benefit from sequential administration of 3 courses of combination chemotherapy (FEC100) followed by 3 courses of ixabepilone versus docetaxel on the 5-year disease-free survival of women with nonmetastatic, poor-prognosis breast cancer.

Secondary

  • To compare the 5-year distant metastasis-free survival.
  • To compare the 5-year event-free survival.
  • To compare the 5-year overall survival.
  • To compare the safety profiles for the two chemotherapy regimens.
  • To identify and/or validate predictive-gene expression profiles of clinical response/resistance to the two treatment regimens.
  • To bank frozen and fixed tumor and frozen serum prospectively for future translational studies in both genomics and proteomics (transcriptome and proteome analyses, tissue array analyses).
  • To compare the cost-effectiveness of these 2 regimens.
  • To compare the quality-of-life of patients treated with these 2 regimens.

OUTLINE: This is a multicenter study. Patients are stratified according to participating center, menopausal status (pre- vs post-menopausal), and tumor hormone-receptor status (triple-negative vs progesterone-receptor negative, HER negative, and estrogen-receptor [ER] positive). Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms.

  • Arm I: Patients receive epirubicin hydrochloride IV, fluorouracil IV, and cyclophosphamide IV every 3 weeks in courses 1-3 and docetaxel IV alone every 3 weeks in courses 4-6.
  • Arm II: Patients receive treatment in courses 1-3 as in arm I and ixabepilone IV alone every 3 weeks in courses 4-6.

In both arms, courses repeat every 21 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Patients also complete a quality of life questionnaire periodically.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed periodically for up to 10 years.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 70 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS:

Inclusion criteria:

  • Histologically proven invasive unilateral breast cancer (regardless of the type)

    • Initial clinical condition compatible with complete initial resection
    • No residual macro or microscopic tumor after surgical excision
  • Node-positive disease (i.e., positive sentinel node or positive axillary clearance) (N+) or node-negative disease (-) meeting the following criteria :

    • Stage II or III disease
    • pT > 20 mm (T1-4)
  • Patients must meet 1 of the following hormone-receptor criteria:

    • Node-positive patients: triple-negative* tumor (HER2 negative, estrogen-receptor [ER] negative, and progesterone receptor [PR] negative) OR double-negative (HER2 negative, PR negative, and ER+)
    • Node-negative patients: triple-negative* tumor only
  • NOTE: *Hormone-receptor negativity is defined as ER < 10% and PR < 10% by IHC and HER2 negativity is defined as IHC 0-1+ OR IHC 2+ and FISH or CISH negative
  • Must be able to begin chemotherapy no later than day 49 after the initial surgery

Exclusion criteria:

  • Clinically or radiologically detectable metastases (M0)
  • Bilateral breast cancer or contralateral ductal carcinoma in situ
  • Any metastatic impairment, including homolateral subclavicular node involvement, regardless of its type
  • Any tumor ≥ T4a (cutaneous invasion, deep adherence, inflammatory breast cancer)
  • HER 2 overexpression defined as IHC 3+ OR IHC 2+ and FISH or CISH positive
  • Any clinically or radiologically suspect and non-explored damage to the contralateral breast

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS:

Inclusion criteria:

  • Female
  • Pre- or postmenopausal
  • ECOG performance status 0-1
  • Peripheral neuropathy ≤ grade 1
  • Neutrophil count ≥ 2,000/mm³
  • Platelet count ≥ 100,000/mm³
  • Hemoglobin > 9 g/dL
  • AST and ALT ≤ 1.5 times upper limit of normal (ULN)
  • Alkaline phosphatase ≤ 2.5 times ULN
  • Total bilirubin ≤ 1.0 times ULN
  • Serum creatinine ≤ 1.5 times ULN
  • LVEF ≥ 50% by MUGA scan or echocardiography
  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Negative pregnancy test
  • Fertile patients must use effective contraception during and for up to 8 weeks after completion of study treatment

Exclusion criteria:

  • Previous cancer (except cutaneous baso-cellular epithelioma or uterine peripheral epithelioma) in the preceding 5 years, including invasive contralateral breast cancer
  • Patients with any other concurrent severe and/or uncontrolled medical disease or infection that could compromise participation in the study
  • Clinically significant cardiovascular disease within the past 6 months including any of the following:

    • Unstable angina
    • Congestive heart failure
    • Uncontrolled hypertension (i.e., blood pressure > 150/90 mm Hg)
    • Myocardial infarction
    • Cerebral vascular accidents
  • Known prior severe hypersensitivity reactions to agents containing Cremophor EL
  • Patients with any psychological, familial, sociological, or geographical condition potentially hampering compliance with the study protocol and follow-up schedule
  • Patients deprived of liberty or placed under the authority of a tutor

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY:

  • At least 2 weeks since prior minor surgery (excluding breast biopsy) and adequately recovered
  • At least 3 weeks since prior major surgery and adequately recovered
  • No prior chemotherapy, hormonal therapy, or radiotherapy
  • More than 72 hours since prior and no concurrent treatment with any of the following strong inhibitors of CYP3A4:

    • Amiodarone
    • Clarithromycin
    • Amprenavir
    • Delavirdine
    • Voriconazole
    • Erythromycin
    • Fluconazole
    • Itraconazole
    • Ketoconazole
    • Indinavir
    • Nelfinavir
    • Ritonavir
    • Saquinavir
  • No concurrent participation in another therapeutic trial involving an experimental drug
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00630032

  Show 86 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
UNICANCER
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Mario Campone, MD ICO Centre Regional Rene Gauducheau
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: UNICANCER
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00630032     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: PACS08 - UC-0140/0610, PACS-08/0610, 2006-006494-24, PACS08-Tavlx, BMS-UNICANCER-PACS-08/0610, AMGEN-UNICANCER-PACS-08/0610
Study First Received: March 5, 2008
Last Updated: December 9, 2013
Health Authority: France: Afssaps - Agence française de sécurité sanitaire des produits de santé (Saint-Denis)
United States: Food and Drug Administration
Belgium: Federal Agency for Medicinal Products and Health Products

Keywords provided by UNICANCER:
stage II breast cancer
stage IIIA breast cancer
stage IIIB breast cancer
stage IIIC breast cancer

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Breast Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Breast Diseases
Skin Diseases
Docetaxel
Cyclophosphamide
Fluorouracil
Epirubicin
Antineoplastic Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Pharmacologic Actions
Tubulin Modulators
Antimitotic Agents
Mitosis Modulators
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antirheumatic Agents
Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating
Alkylating Agents
Myeloablative Agonists
Antimetabolites
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Antibiotics, Antineoplastic
Topoisomerase II Inhibitors
Topoisomerase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on September 22, 2014