Bortezomib, Cetuximab, and Radiation Therapy With or Without Cisplatin in Treating Patients With Stage IV Head and Neck Cancer

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00629226
First received: March 1, 2008
Last updated: September 29, 2011
Last verified: September 2011
  Purpose

RATIONALE: Bortezomib may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Monoclonal antibodies, such as cetuximab, can block tumor growth in different ways. Some block the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Others find tumor cells and help kill them or carry tumor-killing substances to them. Radiation therapy uses high energy x- rays to kill tumor cells. Bortezomib and cetuximab may make tumor cells more sensitive to radiation therapy. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as cisplatin, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Giving bortezomib together with cetuximab, radiation therapy, and cisplatin may kill more tumor cells.

PURPOSE: This phase I trial is studying the side effects and best dose of bortezomib when given together with cetuximab and radiation therapy with or without cisplatin in treating patients with stage IV head and neck cancer.


Condition Intervention Phase
Head and Neck Cancer
Biological: cetuximab
Drug: bortezomib
Drug: cisplatin
Radiation: intensity-modulated radiation therapy
Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase I Study of Bortezomib and Cetuximab Without or With Cisplatin in Combination With Radiation Therapy for Advanced Head and Neck Cancer

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Dose-limiting toxicities and other toxicities as assessed by NCI CTCAE v3.0 [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Maximum tolerated dose of bortezomib when administered in combination with cetuximab and radiotherapy with and without cisplatin [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Objective response rate [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Progression-free survival [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Overall survival [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Pre-to-post-treatment changes in biomarkers [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Estimated Enrollment: 46
Study Start Date: October 2007
Primary Completion Date: December 2010 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Group I
Patients receive cetuximab IV over 1-2 hours on days 1, 8, 15, 22, 29, 36, 43, and 50. Patients also receive bortezomib IV over 3-5 seconds on days 1, 4, 8, 11, 22, 25, 29, 32, 43, 46, 50, and 53. Beginning on day 8 or 9, patients undergo standard intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) once daily, 5 days a week, for up to 8 weeks.
Biological: cetuximab
Given IV
Drug: bortezomib
Given IV
Radiation: intensity-modulated radiation therapy
Once daily, 5 days a week, for up to 8 weeks
Experimental: Group II
Patients receive cetuximab, bortezomib (beginning at one dose level below the MTD determined in group I), and IMRT as in group I. Patients also receive cisplatin IV over 1 hour on days 1, 8, 15, 22, 29, 36, 43, 50, and 57.
Biological: cetuximab
Given IV
Drug: bortezomib
Given IV
Drug: cisplatin
Given IV
Radiation: intensity-modulated radiation therapy
Once daily, 5 days a week, for up to 8 weeks

Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES:

Primary

  • To evaluate the feasibility and toxicity of bortezomib, cetuximab, and radiotherapy with or without cisplatin in patients with stage IV squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck.
  • To identify the maximum tolerated dose of bortezomib for further clinical phase II development.

Secondary

  • To evaluate the objective response rate, progression-free survival, and overall survival of patients treated with these regimens.
  • To determine the effects of bortezomib and cetuximab with or without cisplatin on inhibiting activation of the NF-kB, EGFR, MAPK, and STAT3 signal pathways, expression of pro-survival and pro-angiogenesis genes regulated by these pathways, and on proliferation, apoptosis, and angiogenesis.

OUTLINE: This is a multicenter, dose-escalation study of bortezomib. Patients are simultaneously accrued to 1 of 2 treatment groups. Patients are initially accrued to group I until there are a sufficient number of patients to establish the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of bortezomib. Patients are then accrued to group II.

  • Group I: Patients receive cetuximab IV over 1-2 hours on days 1, 8, 15, 22, 29, 36, 43, and 50. Patients also receive bortezomib IV over 3-5 seconds on days 1, 4, 8, 11, 22, 25, 29, 32, 43, 46, 50, and 53. Beginning on day 8 or 9, patients undergo standard intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) once daily, 5 days a week, for up to 8 weeks.

Once the MTD of bortezomib is determined, at least 6 and up to 10 additional patients are accrued and treated at the MTD.

  • Group II: Patients receive cetuximab, bortezomib (beginning at one dose level below the MTD determined in group I), and IMRT as in group I. Patients also receive cisplatin IV over 1 hour on days 1, 8, 15, 22, 29, 36, 43, 50, and 57.

Once the MTD of bortezomib is determined, 6 additional patients are accrued and treated at the MTD.

Patients undergo blood sample collection periodically for correlative laboratory studies. Samples are analyzed for biomarkers by immunohistochemistry, quantitative reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction, and ELISA.

After completion of study therapy, patients are followed periodically for 2-5 years.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS:

  • Histologically or cytologically confirmed squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck, including variants or undifferentiated/poorly differentiated carcinoma

    • Previously untreated stage IV disease OR residual disease or regionally recurrent disease after prior surgery and/or chemotherapy
  • Must be eligible to receive full-dose radiotherapy and be evaluated and accepted for treatment by a Radiation Oncologist
  • No clinically measurable distant disease OR has asymptomatic small distant lesions outside the radiation field ≤ 3 cm in individual or aggregate diameter for which palliation of local and regional disease is clearly warranted
  • No previously untreated nasopharyngeal cancer (any stage)

    • Recurrent nasopharyngeal carcinoma allowed
  • No known brain metastases

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS:

  • ECOG performance status (PS) 0-1 OR Karnofsky PS 70-100%
  • ANC ≥ 1,500/mcL
  • Platelet count ≥ 100,000/mcL
  • Total bilirubin normal (indirect bilirubin ≤ 3 mg/dL in patients with Gilbert's syndrome)
  • AST and ALT ≤ 2.5 times upper limit of normal
  • Creatinine normal OR creatinine clearance ≥ 60 mL/min
  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Negative pregnancy test
  • Fertile patients must use effective contraception
  • Adequate cognitive and neurologic function
  • No history of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to bortezomib, cetuximab, cisplatin, or other agents used in this study
  • No peripheral sensory neuropathy ≥ grade 2
  • No concurrent uncontrolled illness including, but not limited to, the following:

    • Ongoing or active infection
    • Symptomatic congestive heart failure
    • Unstable angina pectoris
    • Cardiac arrhythmia
    • Psychiatric illness/social situations that would preclude study compliance
  • HIV-negative

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY:

  • See Disease Characteristics
  • Recovered from prior therapy
  • At least 4 weeks since prior chemotherapy (6 weeks for nitrosoureas or mitomycin C)
  • More than 3 months since prior cisplatin
  • No prior radiotherapy to the head and neck
  • No prior systemic EGFR inhibitors
  • No prior bortezomib
  • No other concurrent investigational agents
  • No other concurrent anticancer therapy
  • No concurrent antiretroviral therapy
  • No concurrent prophylactic filgrastim (G-CSF) or sargramostim (GM-CSF)
  • No concurrent amifostine
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00629226

Locations
United States, Maryland
Warren Grant Magnuson Clinical Center - NCI Clinical Trials Referral Office
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892-1182
United States, Pennsylvania
UPMC Cancer Centers
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States, 15232
Sponsors and Collaborators
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Carter Van Waes, MD, PhD National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders (NIDCD)
  More Information

Additional Information:
No publications provided

ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00629226     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 080071, CDR0000588196, NCI-08-C-0071, CCR 7205, NCI-7893
Study First Received: March 1, 2008
Last Updated: September 29, 2011
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Keywords provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):
stage IV squamous cell carcinoma of the hypopharynx
stage IV squamous cell carcinoma of the larynx
stage IV squamous cell carcinoma of the lip and oral cavity
stage IV squamous cell carcinoma of the oropharynx
stage IV squamous cell carcinoma of the paranasal sinus and nasal cavity
recurrent squamous cell carcinoma of the hypopharynx
recurrent squamous cell carcinoma of the larynx
recurrent squamous cell carcinoma of the lip and oral cavity
recurrent squamous cell carcinoma of the nasopharynx
recurrent squamous cell carcinoma of the oropharynx
recurrent squamous cell carcinoma of the paranasal sinus and nasal cavity

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Head and Neck Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Cetuximab
Bortezomib
Cisplatin
Antineoplastic Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Pharmacologic Actions
Radiation-Sensitizing Agents

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on September 18, 2014