A Study of Leuprolide to Treat Prostate Cancer

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
Abbott
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00626431
First received: February 20, 2008
Last updated: July 15, 2011
Last verified: July 2011
  Purpose

To assess the efficacy and safety of 2 new formulations of leuprolide acetate 45 mg 6-month depot, Formulation A or Formulation B, for the treatment of patients with prostate cancer. A formulation will be deemed successful if the percentage of subjects with suppression of testosterone to <= 50 ng/dL from Week 4 to Week 48 is not less than 87%, (the lower bound of the 2-sided 90% confidence interval), a protocol-specified criterion.


Condition Intervention Phase
Prostate Cancer
Drug: Leuprolide acetate - Formulation A
Drug: Leuprolide acetate - Formulation B
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Non-Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase 3, Multi-Center, Open-Label, Trial to Evaluate the Efficacy, Safety and Pharmacokinetics of Two 6-Month Leuprolide Formulations, in Subjects With Prostatic Adenocarcinoma

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Abbott:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Percentage of Subjects With Suppression of Serum Testosterone (<=50 ng/dL) From Week 4 to Week 48 for Formulation A: Intent-to-treat (ITT) Population for the Primary Endpoint. [ Time Frame: Week 4 to Week 48 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The percentage of subjects with testosterone suppression (<= 50 ng/dL) from Week 4 to Week 48 was calculated by the Kaplan-Meier method for right-censored observations. Subjects who failed testosterone suppression were considered failures on the first day of a testosterone measurement (>50 ng/dL). Subjects who prematurely discontinued without escaping and those who were successfully suppressed through Week 48 were censored at their last measured testosterone value (Day 337 to Day 340 at Week 48). The 90% 2-sided confidence interval was calculated from Kaplan-Meier estimates.

  • Adjusted Percentage of Subjects With Suppression of Serum Testosterone (<=50 ng/dL) From Week 4 to Week 48 for Formulation A: ITT Population for the Primary Endpoint Adjusted [ Time Frame: Week 4 to Week 48 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The adjusted percentage of subjects with testosterone suppression (<= 50 ng/dL) from Week 4 to Week 48 was calculated by the Kaplan-Meier method for right-censored observations. The primary efficacy analysis was adjusted to censor subjects who received an anti-androgen at the last testosterone measurement before use of the anti-androgen. One additional subject was censored because of a laboratory error, at the last measurement before the error. The adjusted 90% 2-sided confidence interval was calculated from Kaplan-Meier estimates.

  • Percentage of Subjects With Suppression of Serum Testosterone (<=50 ng/dL) From Week 4 to Week 48 for Formulation B: ITT Population for the Primary Endpoint Preplanned [ Time Frame: Week 4 to Week 48 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The percentage of subjects with testosterone suppression (<= 50 ng/dL) from Week 4 to Week 48 was calculated by the Kaplan-Meier method for right-censored observations. Subjects who failed testosterone suppression were considered failures on the first day of a testosterone measurement (>50 ng/dL). Subjects who prematurely discontinued without escaping and those who were successfully suppressed through Week 48 were censored at their last measured testosterone value (Day 337 to Day 340 at Week 48). The 90% 2-sided confidence interval was calculated from Kaplan-Meier estimates.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Mean Testosterone Concentration (+/- Standard Error) at Each Visit for Formulation A: ITT Population [ Time Frame: Baseline, Days 2 and 8, Weeks 2, 4, 8, 14, 20, 24, 26, 30, 34, 40, 46, 48, and Final Visit ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Baseline was the last measurement before the first dose of Formulation A. The mean +/- standard error was calculated at each visit. The final visit occurred at Week 48 unless the subject prematurely discontinued the study.

  • Mean Testosterone Concentration (+/- Standard Error) at Each Visit for Formulation B: ITT Population [ Time Frame: Baseline, Days 2 and 8, Weeks 2, 4, 8, 14, 20, 24, 26, 30, 34, 40, 46, 48, and Final Visit ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Baseline was the last measurement before the first dose of Formulation B. The mean +/- standard error was calculated at each visit. The final visit occurred at Week 48 unless the subject prematurely discontinued the study.

  • Mean (+/- Standard Error) Acute-on-chronic Changes in Testosterone From Pre-injection Levels for Formulation A: ITT Population [ Time Frame: Week 24 before the second injection until 2 weeks after Week 24 (2 hours [h], 4 h, 8 h, 1 day [d], 2 d, 3-10 d, and 11-17 d postdose) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The acute-on-chronic effect is an agonistic stimulation of serum testosterone after the second depot injection of Formulation A. The mean +/- standard error changes were measured to assess this effect from just before to 2 weeks after the second injection.

  • Mean (+/- Standard Error) Acute-on-chronic Changes in Testosterone From Pre-injection Levels for Formulation B: ITT Population [ Time Frame: Week 24 before the second injection until 2 weeks after Week 24 (2 h, 4 h, 8 h, 1 d, 2 d, 3-10 d, and 11-17 d postdose) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The acute-on-chronic effect is an agonistic stimulation of serum testosterone after the second depot injection of Formulation B. The mean +/- standard error changes were measured to assess this effect from just before to 2 weeks after the second injection.

  • Mean (+/- Standard Error) Acute-on-chronic Changes in Luteinizing Hormone From Pre-injection Levels for Formulation A: ITT Population [ Time Frame: Week 24 before the second injection until 2 weeks after Week 24 (2 h, 4 h, 8 h, 1 d, 2 d, 3-10 d, and 11-17 d postdose) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The acute-on-chronic effect is an agonistic stimulation of luteinizing hormone after the second depot injection of Formulation A. The mean +/- standard error changes were measured to assess this effect from just before to 2 weeks after the second injection.

  • Mean (+/- Standard Error) Acute-on-chronic Changes in Luteinizing Hormone From Pre-injection Levels for Formulation B: ITT Population [ Time Frame: Week 24 before the second injection until 2 weeks after Week 24 (2 h, 4 h, 8 h, 1 d, 2 d, 3-10 d, and 11-17 d postdose) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The acute-on-chronic effect is an agonistic stimulation of luteinizing hormone after the second depot injection of Formulation B. The mean +/- standard error changes were measured to assess this effect from just before to 2 weeks after the second injection.

  • Mean (+/- Standard Error) Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA) at Baseline, Visits Throughout the Study, and at Final Visit for Formulation A: ITT Population [ Time Frame: Baseline, Day 8, Week 14, Week 24, Week 30, Week 40, Week 48, and the Final Visit ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    PSA levels were measured at baseline and each treatment visit for Formulation A. The mean (+/- standard error) was calculated at each visit. The final visit occurred at Week 48 unless the subject prematurely discontinued the study.

  • Mean (+/- Standard Error) Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA) at Baseline, Visits Throughout the Study, and at Final Visit for Formulation B: ITT Population [ Time Frame: Baseline, Day 8, Week 14, Week 24, Week 30, Week 40, Week 48, and the Final Visit ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    PSA levels were measured at baseline and each treatment visit for Formulation B. The mean (+/- standard error) was calculated at each visit. The final visit occurred at Week 48 unless the subject prematurely discontinued the study.


Enrollment: 310
Study Start Date: February 2008
Study Completion Date: September 2009
Primary Completion Date: August 2009 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Leuprolide acetate - Formulation A
Leuprolide acetate 45 mg, 6-month depot
Drug: Leuprolide acetate - Formulation A
Leuprolide acetate was administered as 2 intramuscular (IM) injections of Formulation A, 45 mg 6 month depot, 24 weeks apart.
Other Names:
  • Lupron
  • leuprorelin
  • gonadotropin hormone-releasing hormone (GnRH)
  • luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH)
Experimental: Leuprolide acetate - Formulation B
Leuprolide acetate, 45 mg, 6-month depot
Drug: Leuprolide acetate - Formulation B
Leuprolide acetate was administered as 2 intramuscular (IM) injections of Formulation B, 45 mg 6 month depot, 24 weeks apart.
Other Names:
  • Lupron
  • leuprorelin
  • gonadotropin hormone-releasing hormone (GnRH)
  • luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH)

Detailed Description:

A total of 300 male subjects were planned to be enrolled. Subjects were to receive a total of 2 intramuscular (IM) injections of the same formulation, either Formulation A or Formulation B, administered 24 weeks apart. The first 150 subjects were to receive Formulation A for both injections and the next 150 subjects were to receive Formulation B for both injections. The sponsor was to conduct an ongoing review of the primary endpoint data (suppression of testosterone <= 50 ng/dL) and planned to stop enrollment of Formulation A or Formulation B, or not to administer the second injection of Formulation A or Formulation B, if 15 or more subjects did not achieve testosterone suppression by Week 4 or failed to maintain testosterone suppression during the treatment period.

All analyses and summaries were to be conducted separately for subjects who received Formulation A or Formulation B.

This study was to be conducted at approximately 60-80 investigative sites. Subjects participated in the trial for approximately 14 months.

This trial was to include a Screening Period (up to 4 weeks), a 12-month Treatment Period (two 6-month treatment cycles), and a Follow-Up Period (30 days).

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Male
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Voluntarily sign an IRB-approved informed consent form and any required privacy statement/authorization form.
  • Pre-trial serum testosterone level >150 ng/dL.
  • Histologically-confirmed prostatic adenocarcinoma in Jewett Clinical Stage A2, B, C or D and TNM* classification cT1b-4, N: any, M: any.

    *Tumor/Nodes/Metastases

  • Subjects with a rising PSA following radical prostatectomy defined as an increase of 0.2 ng/mL from the previous test on two consecutive testings or rising PSA following prostate irradiation using Phoenix Definition of a rise of greater than or equal to 2.0 ng/mL above the nadir.
  • Prostate cancer and general clinical status is sufficient to warrant at least 48 weeks of continuous androgen deprivation treatment, without concomitant antiandrogen treatment.
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) Performance status grades 0,1,or 2 at the time of pre-trial screening.
  • Life expectancy of at least 18 months.
  • Subjects with serum creatinine ≤1.9 mg/dL, bilirubin ≤2.0 mg/dL (unless Gilbert's syndrome with normal AST, ALT); AST and ALT ≤2.5 times the upper limit of normal.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Requires additional treatment including radical prostatectomy, radiotherapy or cryotherapy of local disease.
  • Historical, clinical, or radiographic evidence of central nervous system metastases, including spinal cord metastasis.
  • Clinical evidence of urinary tract obstruction.
  • History of bilateral orchiectomy, adrenalectomy, or hypophysectomy.
  • History of clinical hypogonadism.
  • Current malignancy or history of malignancy except for prostate cancer or basal or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin.
  • Clinical or laboratory evidence of any severe underlying disease state (excluding prostate cancer) that would place subjects in additional jeopardy by participating in this trial.
  • Hypersensitivity to leuprolide, polylactic acid, or any excipient of the drug.
  • Incomplete recovery from the effects of any major surgery.
  • History of receiving of the following prostate cancer therapies within 8 weeks prior to the Screening Visit: chemotherapy, immunotherapy, antiandrogen, radiation therapy, cryotherapy, strontium, or biological response modifiers.
  • History of prostatic surgery within 4 weeks prior to the Screening Visit.
  • Received hormonal therapy, including GnRH analogs (less than or equal to 6 month depot administration), estrogen, Megace and phytotherapy, within 32 weeks prior to the Screening Visit and during the trial.
  • Alternative medical therapies which have an estrogenic, androgenic, or antiandrogenic effect (including phyto-estrogens and phyto-androgens) within 12 weeks prior to the Screening Visit and during the trial.
  • Requires the chronic use of systemic corticosteroids and anticonvulsants that may affect bone loss such as carbamazepine, phenobarbital, phenytoin, valproic acid or primidone.
  • May require antiandrogen, immuno-, or surgical therapy for prostate cancer during the trial.
  • History of alcoholism or consumes >14 alcoholic beverages per week or illicit drug abuse within 12 months prior to screening.
  • Received therapy with a GnRH analog (1 year implant) within 60 weeks prior to the Screening Visit.
  • Received therapy with finasteride or ketoconazole within 1 week prior to the Screening Visit; dutasteride within 25 weeks prior to the Screening Visit.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00626431

  Show 63 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Abbott
Investigators
Study Director: Kristof Chwalisz, MD, PhD Abbott
  More Information

No publications provided by Abbott

Additional publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: Kristof Chwalisz, MD, PhD Therapeutic Area Head, Abbott
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00626431     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: L-PC07-169
Study First Received: February 20, 2008
Results First Received: August 20, 2010
Last Updated: July 15, 2011
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Keywords provided by Abbott:
Lupron Depot
prostate cancer
leuprolide acetate

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Prostatic Neoplasms
Genital Diseases, Male
Genital Neoplasms, Male
Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Prostatic Diseases
Urogenital Neoplasms
Hormones
Leuprolide
Antineoplastic Agents
Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal
Fertility Agents
Fertility Agents, Female
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Pharmacologic Actions
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Reproductive Control Agents
Therapeutic Uses

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on October 22, 2014