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A Double-Blind, Placebo-controlled Crossover Study of Repeat Rivastigmine Administration in Healthy Male Volunteers (RIVA-1)

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Medical Corps, Israel Defense Force
Information provided by:
Tel-Aviv Sourasky Medical Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00624663
First received: October 30, 2007
Last updated: March 26, 2014
Last verified: February 2008
  Purpose

Rivastigmine is a carbamate, approved by the FDA for the treatment of mild to moderate dementia associated with Alzheimer's and Parkinson's diseases. Studies conducted in the Israel Institute of Biological Research (IIBR) have yielded encouraging results in utilizing rivastigmine pre-treatment as an alternative to pyridostigmine in partially protecting against organophosphate poisoning, particularly protecting the central nervous system.

The target population for this indication may consist of otherwise healthy people (e.g. soldiers). Although the treatment regimen has not been established yet it is assumed, based on animal experiments, that rivastigmine is likely to be administered in repeated doses. In this setting, further evaluation of the drug's effects and pharmacokinetics in young healthy subjects is warranted.

The objectives of this study are: 1) To assess the safety and tolerability of repeated rivastigmine administration (1.5 mg and 3 mg) in young healthy male volunteers; 2) To determine the pharmacokinetic profile of rivastigmine (1.5 mg and 3 mg) following a single and multiple dose administrations; 3) To assess the extent of blood ChE inhibition following a single and multiple administrations of rivastigmine and 4) To correlate physiological and behavioral effects with blood rivastigmine concentrations and blood ChE inhibition in these subjects.

This double-blind, placebo-controlled study will be divided in 3 identical periods, preceded with a two-day initial training in performing cognitive performance tests. Each period will consist of in-house confinement for 5 days in which rivastigmine will be administered 5 times at an interval of 12 hours. During each period, each subject will receive either rivastigmine 1.5 mg X 5, or either rivastigmine 3.0 mg X 5 or placebo X 5. The treatment in each period will be randomly assigned in a crossover manner. Rivastigmine pharmacokinetics will and acetylcholinesterase inhibition will be assessed after the first and the last dose of each period and will be correlated with physiological and cognitive parameters: performance tests, visual functions, peak airway flow, saliva production (sialometry) and vital signs.

The emergence of adverse events will be monitored throughout the study


Condition Intervention
Rivastigmine Toxicity
Drug: Rivastigmine

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety Study
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Double-Blind, Placebo-controlled Crossover Study to Assess the Pharmacokinetic Profile and the Physiological and Behavioral Effects of Repeat Rivastigmine (Exelon®) Administration in Young Healthy Male Volunteers

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Tel-Aviv Sourasky Medical Center:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Physiological effects,Objective and subjective symptoms, Cognitive Performance tests [ Time Frame: 5 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • 4. Pharmacokinetic parameters (Cmax, Tmax, AUCT, AUCI ) determined from plasma rivastigmine concentrations,Blood cholinesterase inhibition [ Time Frame: 5 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Enrollment: 15
Study Start Date: January 2009
Study Completion Date: April 2009
Primary Completion Date: April 2009 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: 1
(1 x 1.5 mg Exelon® Capsule (Novartis) + 1 x Placebo Capsule) X 2 per day, total of 5 intakes
Drug: Rivastigmine
Administration 1 (A): 1 x 1.5 mg Exelon® Capsule (Novartis) + 1 x Placebo Capsule Administration 2 (B): 2 x 1.5 mg Exelon® Capsules (Novartis) Administration 3 (C): 2 x Placebo Capsules
Other Name: Exelon® Capsules (Novartis)
Active Comparator: 2
(2 x 1.5 mg Exelon® Capsules) X 2 per day, total of 5 intakes
Drug: Rivastigmine
Administration 1 (A): 1 x 1.5 mg Exelon® Capsule (Novartis) + 1 x Placebo Capsule Administration 2 (B): 2 x 1.5 mg Exelon® Capsules (Novartis) Administration 3 (C): 2 x Placebo Capsules
Other Name: Exelon® Capsules (Novartis)
Placebo Comparator: 3
(2 x Placebo Capsules) X 2 per days, total of 5 intakes
Drug: Rivastigmine
Administration 1 (A): 1 x 1.5 mg Exelon® Capsule (Novartis) + 1 x Placebo Capsule Administration 2 (B): 2 x 1.5 mg Exelon® Capsules (Novartis) Administration 3 (C): 2 x Placebo Capsules
Other Name: Exelon® Capsules (Novartis)

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 40 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Male
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Healthy Caucasian males between 18 and 40 years (inclusive) of age.
  • No known history of significant neurological, renal, cardiovascular, respiratory (asthma), endocrinological, gastrointestinal, hematopoietic disease, neoplasm or any other clinically significant medical disorder, which in the investigator's judgment contraindicate administration of the study medications.
  • Subjects within BMI 18-29 (inclusive) calculated as Weight (Kg)/Height (m)2.
  • Non-smoking (by declaration) for a period of at least 6 months.
  • No history of drug or alcohol abuse.
  • Subjects with negative urinary drugs of abuse screen (Appendix 2) determined within 21 days of the start of the study.
  • Negative HIV, Hepatitis B or Hepatitis C serology tests within 21 days of the first study session.
  • Subjects must be able to adhere to the visit schedule and protocol requirements and be available to complete the study.
  • Subjects must be fluent in Hebrew
  • Subjects must satisfy a medical examiner about their fitness to participate in the study.
  • Subjects must provide written informed consent to participate in the study.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • • Known hypersensitivity to the drug, components or other carbamates.

    • History of or currently active asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
    • History of or currently active cardiac arrhythmias such as bradycardia and sick sinus syndrome
    • History of urinary tract obstruction.
    • History of or currently active GI diseases such as peptic ulcer, GERD, bleeding or history of any GI surgery other than appendectomy or herniotomy, or with any gastrointestinal disorder likely to influence drug absorption, or with any history of anorexia, frequent nausea or emesis, regardless of etiology.
    • Significant abnormalities in screening physical exam
    • Significant abnormalities in clinical laboratory parameters (hematology, biochemistry, serology, urinalysis). Parameters to be measured are those shown in Appendix 2.
    • Significant abnormalities in ECG within 21 days of the start of the study.
    • Subjects with significant allergic response to other drugs.
    • Adherence (for whatever reason) to an abnormal diet during the 4 weeks prior to the study, or subjects with recent significant change in body weight.
    • Subjects who have taken anticholinergic or other drugs known to affect gastrointestinal motility within 7 days prior to the first dosing.
    • Use of any prescription or over-the-counter (OTC) medications, including vitamins and herbal or dietary supplements within 7 days prior to the first study dosing or during the study. Paracetamol for symptomatic relief of pain is allowed until 24 hours prior to the trial (see section 10.1).
    • Subjects who donated blood in the three months preceding the first study dosing or intend to make blood donation during the study, or within the three months following the study completion.
    • Subjects who received blood or plasma derivatives in the 3 months preceding the first study dosing.
    • Participation in another clinical trial with drugs within 3 months prior first study dosing.
    • Subjects with an inability to communicate well with the investigators and CRC staff (i.e., language problem, poor mental development or impaired cerebral performance).
    • Subjects that have difficulty fasting or consuming the standard meals that will be provided.
    • Subjects with any acute medical situation (e.g. acute infection) within 48 hours of study start, which is considered of significance by the Principal Investigator.
    • Subjects who are non-cooperative or unwilling to sign a consent form.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00624663

Locations
Israel
Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center
Tel Aviv, Israel
Tasmc Clinical Research Center
Tel-Aviv, Israel, 64239
Sponsors and Collaborators
Tel-Aviv Sourasky Medical Center
Medical Corps, Israel Defense Force
Investigators
Principal Investigator: JACOB ATSMON, MD TASMC CLINICAL RESEARCH CENTER
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Jacob Atsmon, Tel-Aviv Sourasky Medical Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00624663     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: TASMC-07-JA-234-CTIL, TRC 032/10058
Study First Received: October 30, 2007
Last Updated: March 26, 2014
Health Authority: Israel: Ministry of Health

Keywords provided by Tel-Aviv Sourasky Medical Center:
Rivastigmine, Repeated administration, Healthy Volunteers, organophosphate poisoning, protection, pharmacokinetics, behavioral effects

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Rivastigmine
Central Nervous System Agents
Cholinergic Agents
Cholinesterase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Neuroprotective Agents
Neurotransmitter Agents
Pharmacologic Actions
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Protective Agents
Therapeutic Uses

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on November 20, 2014