Trial record 4 of 29 for:    Open Studies | "Amputees"

Mirror Therapy for Phantom Limb Pain

This study is currently recruiting participants. (see Contacts and Locations)
Verified February 2014 by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00623818
First received: February 24, 2008
Last updated: March 14, 2014
Last verified: February 2014
  Purpose

This study, conducted at the National Institutes of Health (NIH) and at Walter Reed Army Medical Center (WRAMC), will explore the phenomenon of phantom limb pain (a continued feeling of pain in an amputated limb) and will use functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to investigate the effect of mirror therapy on phantom limb pain.

Right-handed people between 18 and 75 years of age who are in the WRAMC Military Amputee Research Program and healthy control subjects may be eligible for this study. Participants undergo the following procedures:

Amputees

  • Questionnaires to assess strength of handedness and footedness and pain perception.
  • Mirror therapy for phantom limb pain five times a week for 4 weeks in 15-minute sessions.
  • MRI and fMRI scans before starting mirror therapy, after 2 weeks of therapy and after 4 weeks of therapy. MRI uses a magnetic field and radio waves to image brain tissue. The subject lies on a table that can slide in and out of the scanner (a metal cylinder). The structural MRI scan lasts about 30 minutes. For fMRI, the subject performs tasks while in the scanner in order to show changes in brain activity involved in performing those tasks. Subjects are shown pictures of feet and other body parts, are asked to move their feet, and receive tactile (touch) stimulation of the foot or other body parts.

Control Subjects

One group of control subjects undergoes a single fMRI procedure. A second group of control subjects undergoes the same sequence of three fMRIs over the same time period as the amputee subjects. None of the control subjects undergo mirror therapy.


Condition
Phantom Limb Pain
Amputee

Study Type: Observational
Study Design: Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: fMRI Investigation of Cortical Reorganization and Phantom Limb Pain Following Amputation

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Changes in fMRI signal

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Changes in pain measures

Estimated Enrollment: 90
Study Start Date: February 2008
Detailed Description:

Objective: The aim of this study is to investigate phantom limb pain (PLP), cortical reorganization and the modulation of PLP by visual input. Mirror therapy (viewing the intact limb in a mirror so that it appears to be the missing limb) has been shown to reduce PLP. This reduction demonstrates that vision can play a key role in modulating PLP. The study proposed here will identify brain regions critical for the success of this therapy using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI).

Study population: Individuals with unilateral amputation of individual limbs and at least three episodes of PLP a week. Additionally, we will study amputees without PLP and healthy control volunteer subjects with no limb amputations.

Design: Amputee subjects with PLP will be scanned using fMRI while they undergo mirror therapy for PLP. During fMRI scans subjects will see images of hands or feet, move their limbs or experience tactile stimulation. Mirror therapy requires four weeks to be effective. Amputee subjects will be scanned prior to starting therapy, two weeks after starting mirror therapy and again after four weeks of mirror therapy. Mirror therapy sessions will be conducted daily and subjects will also complete daily questionnaires (Visual Analogue Scale, or VAS, and Short-Form McGill Pain Questionnaire or SF-MPQ) assessing their level of pain and number of PLP episodes. Amputees without PLP and one group of healthy control subjects will go through the same series of functional imaging scans over the same time period as the amputee subjects, allowing us to identify brain changes that may be associated with repeated scanning (e.g. due to practice of tasks) rather than resulting from the mirror therapy. Another group of control subjects will be scanned once to identify particular brain regions that might be involved in the integration of visual, motor and somatosensory information for use in the analysis of the amputee subject data.

Outcome measures: Changes in fMRI activation during the course of mirror therapy will be compared with data on the number of episodes of PLP, the average length of episodes, and the average intensity of pain assessed using the VAS and SF-MPQ. Analyses will focus on cortical regions known to be involved in visual, tactile and motor representations (including primary motor cortex, primary and secondary somatosensory cortex and regions of visual cortex selectively responsive during the viewing of body parts). Additional brain regions that might be involved in integrating visual, motor and somatosensory information will be identified in control subjects. Direct comparisons will be made between cortical regions (e.g. somatosensory regions) involved in the representation of the amputated limb compared with the intact limb and between amputee subject data and control subject data.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 75 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria
  • INCLUSION CRITERIA:

For amputee subjects with PLP:

  • Male or female subjects, 18 to 75 years of age
  • Written informed consent and written authorization for use or release of health and research study information
  • Unilateral limb amputation
  • Any level of prosthetic experience
  • No prior history of vertebral disk disease/condition, sciatica or radiculopathy.
  • No evidence of traumatic brain injury (TBI - permanent or temporary impairments of cognitive, physical and psychosocial functions with an associated diminished or altered state of consciousness)
  • No known neurological disease or brain damage
  • No neurological condition that would interfere with participation in the study
  • Minimum of 3 phantom limb pain episodes each week
  • Degree of pain evaluated by VAS scoring a minimum of 3 cm at time of screening for entry into study
  • Ability to follow study instructions and likely to complete all required visits.

For amputee subjects without PLP:

  • Male or female subjects, 18 to 75 years of age
  • Written informed consent and written authorization for use or release of health and research study information
  • Unilateral limb amputation
  • Any level of prosthetic experience
  • No prior history of vertebral disk disease/condition, sciatica or radiculopathy.
  • No evidence of traumatic brain injury (TBI - permanent or temporary impairments of cognitive, physical and psychosocial functions with an associated diminished or altered state of consciousness)
  • No known neurological disease or brain damage
  • No neurological condition that would interfere with participation in the study
  • No recurring episodes of PLP
  • Ability to follow study instructions and likely to complete all required visits.

For healthy control subjects:

  • Male or female subjects, 18 to 75 years of age.
  • Written informed consent and written authorization for use or release of health and research study information.
  • No prior history of vertebral disk disease/condition, sciatica or radiculopathy.
  • Normal neurological examination.
  • Ability to follow study instructions and likely to complete all required visits.

EXCLUSION CRITERIA:

For amputee subjects with PLP:

  • Age less than 18 or greater than 75 years.
  • Multiple limb amputation
  • Amputation due to diabetes or vascular claudication
  • Pending revision surgeries.
  • Presence of embedded metallic shrapnel or other metal not compatible with MRIscanning.
  • Presence of traumatic brain injury
  • Known uncontrolled systemic disease- known cancer not in remission, known on-going infection, lupus, kidney disease requiring dialysis, any other systemic disease which might affect ability to participate in this study to its conclusion
  • Concurrent participation in another investigational drug or device study for phantom limb pain or participation in the 30 days immediately prior to study enrollment.
  • Any condition or situation that, in the investigator's opinion, may put the subject at significant risk, confound the study results, or interfere significantly with the subject's participation in the study.
  • Current Axis I or II diagnosis determined by a neurologist or psychiatrist in the 6 months prior to entry into the study.
  • Subjects with lack of effort as determined by the neurologist or physiatrist. Subjects will be screened for effort using the Test of Memory Malingering (TOMM) first in order to exclude those with blatant exaggeration or malingering.
  • Positive pregnancy test at the time of scanning (within 24 hours prior to the scheduled MRI scan, female subjects of child-bearing age will be given a pregnancy test)

For amputee subjects without PLP:

  • Age less than 18 or greater than 75 years.
  • Multiple limb amputation.
  • Amputation due to diabetes or vascular claudication
  • Pending revision surgeries.
  • Presence of embedded metallic shrapnel or other metal not compatible with MRI scanning.
  • Presence of traumatic brain injury
  • Known uncontrolled systemic disease- known cancer not in remission, known on-going infection, lupus, kidney disease requiring dialysis, any other systemic disease which might affect ability to participate in this study to its conclusion
  • Concurrent participation in another investigational drug or device study for phantom limb pain or participation in the 30 days immediately prior to study enrollment.
  • Any condition or situation that, in the investigator's opinion, may put the subject at significant risk, confound the study results, or interfere significantly with the subject's participation in the study.
  • Current Axis I or II diagnosis determined by a neurologist or psychiatrist in the 6 months prior to entry into the study.
  • Subjects with lack of effort as determined by the neurologist or physiatrist. Subjects will be screened for effort using the Test of Memory Malingering (TOMM) first in order to exclude those with blatant exaggeration or malingering.
  • Positive pregnancy test at the time of scanning (within 24 hours prior to the scheduled MRI scan, female subjects of child-bearing age will be given a pregnancy test)

For healthy control subjects:

  • Age less than 18 or greater than 75 years
  • Presence of an amputation
  • Presence of embedded metallic shrapnel or other metal not compatible with MRI scanning.
  • Presence of traumatic brain injury
  • Known uncontrolled systemic disease- known cancer not in remission, known on-going infection, lupus, kidney disease requiring dialysis, any other systemic disease which might affect ability to participate in this study to its conclusion
  • Any condition or situation that, in the investigator's opinion, may put the subject at significant risk, confound the study results, or interfere significantly with the subject's participation in the study
  • Current Axis I or II diagnosis determined by a neurologist or psychiatrist in the 6 months prior to entry into the study
  • Positive pregnancy test at the time of scanning (within 24 hours prior to the scheduled MRI scan, female subjects of child-bearing age will be given a pregnancy test)
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00623818

Contacts
Contact: Wai Y Chan, Ph.D. (301) 496-1218 chanannie@mail.nih.gov
Contact: Christopher I Baker, Ph.D. (301) 435-6058 bakerchris@mail.nih.gov

Locations
United States, District of Columbia
Walter Reed Army Medical Center Recruiting
Washington, District of Columbia, United States, 20301
United States, Maryland
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center, 9000 Rockville Pike Recruiting
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892
Contact: For more information at the NIH Clinical Center contact Patient Recruitment and Public Liaison Office (PRPL)    800-411-1222 ext TTY8664111010    prpl@mail.cc.nih.gov   
Sponsors and Collaborators
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Christopher I Baker, Ph.D. National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH)
  More Information

Additional Information:
Publications:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00623818     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 080052, 08-M-0052
Study First Received: February 24, 2008
Last Updated: March 14, 2014
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):
Phantom Limb Pain
Visual and Motor Integration
Cortical Reorganization
Amputees
Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI)
Amputee
Healthy Volunteer
HV

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Phantom Limb
Perceptual Disorders
Neurobehavioral Manifestations
Neurologic Manifestations
Nervous System Diseases
Pain, Postoperative
Postoperative Complications
Pathologic Processes
Signs and Symptoms
Pain

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on July 31, 2014