Adjunctive Pregnenolone in Veterans With Mild TBI
Mild traumatic brain injury (TBI) is common among veterans who have served in OEF/OIF (Operation Enduring Freedom in Afghanistan/Operation Iraqi Freedom) and other theatres. Delayed symptoms may occur following TBI, including cognitive symptoms (impaired attention, processing speed, executive functioning), as well as behavioral symptoms such as anxiety, depression, and irritability (Fann et al. 2004; Holsinger et al. 2002). Neuroactive steroids have neuroprotective effects in rodent models of TBI (Djebaili et al. 2005; Djebaili et al. 2004; He et al. 2004; Pettus et al. 2005; Roof et al. 1997) and the neuroactive steroid pregnenolone and its sulfated derivative also markedly enhance learning and memory in rats (Akwa et al. 2001; Flood et al. 1992; Flood et al. 1995; Vallee et al. 1997; Vallee et al. 2003). In humans, reductions in pregnenolone (George et al. 1994) and its GABAergic metabolite allopregnanolone (Uzunova et al. 1998) have been associated with depressive symptoms. Pharmacological intervention with the neuroactive steroid pregnenolone could therefore result in a multi-targeted treatment approach, potentially improving cognitive deficits as well as anxiety and depression symptoms following TBI.
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Adjunctive Pregnenolone in Veterans With Mild TBI|
- Brief Assessment of Cognition in Affective Disorders (BAC-A) [ Time Frame: Week 2, Week 10 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Mean change scores (Week 2 minus Week 10) to assess cognitive changes. The BAC-A includes brief assessments of executive functions, verbal fluency, attention, verbal memory, working memory and motor speed. Z-scores are calculated from composite scores. Higher z-scores are indicative of better cognitive performance, lower z-scores are indicative of lower cognitive performance. Range of z-scores anticipated to be between -3 and 3. Mean change scores from week 2 and week 10 (Week 2 minus Week 10).
- Clinician Administered PTSD Scale (CAPS) [ Time Frame: Week 2, Week 10 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
Mean change scores (Week 2 minus Week 10) in posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms. Scores may range from 0 (no symptoms) to 136 (severe symptoms; score of 136 is based on the first 17 CAPS items administered).
A reduced CAPS score indicates a reduction in (improvement) PTSD symptoms, while an increase in CAPS score indicates an increase (worsening) in PTSD symptoms.
- Quick Inventory of Depressive Symptomatology (QIDS) [ Time Frame: Week 2, Week 10 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]The QIDS total scores range from 0 to 27. Total score is obtained by adding the scores for each of the nine symptom domains of the DSM-IV Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) criteria: depressed mood,loss of interest or pleasure,concentration/decision making,self-outlook,suicidal ideation, energy/fatigability,sleep,weight/appetite change,and psychomotor changes. Each item is rated 0-3 (0=least or no severity, 3=greatest severity).
|Study Start Date:||January 2008|
|Study Completion Date:||November 2012|
|Primary Completion Date:||August 2009 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Active Comparator: 1
Placebo for two weeks (during placebo lead-in), then:
Pregnenolone 100 mg in divided doses (50 mg, PO, BID) Pregnenolone 300 mg in divided doses (150 mg, PO, BID) Pregnenolone 500 mg in divided doses (250 mg, PO, BID)
Placebo Comparator: 2
Placebo for two weeks (placebo lead in), then:
Placebo equivalent to Pregnenolone arm: 100 mg in divided doses (50 mg, PO, BID) Placebo equivalent to Pregnenolone arm: 300 mg in divided doses (150 mg, PO, BID) Placebo equivalent to Pregnenolone arm: 500 mg in divided doses (250 mg, PO, BID)
See brief summary
|United States, North Carolina|
|Durham VA Medical Center|
|Durham, North Carolina, United States, 27705|
|Principal Investigator:||Christine E Marx, MD, MA||Durham VAMC|