Efficacy of Probiotic Bacteria in Subjects With IBS or Functional Diarrhea/ Bloating

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Danisco
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00618904
First received: February 7, 2008
Last updated: July 8, 2013
Last verified: July 2013
  Purpose

To determine if probiotics bacteria, specifically lactobacillus and bifidobacterium, improve gastrointestinal symptoms in patients with IBS, functional diarrhea, or functional bloating.


Condition Intervention
Pain
Dietary Supplement: Probiotics - Lactobacillus and bifidobacterium
Dietary Supplement: Placebo

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Clinical Efficacy of Probiotic Bacteria in Subjects With Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS), Functional Diarrhea, or Functional Bloating

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • The primary outcome measure will be the global relief of GI symptoms as assessed by Global Symptom Assessment (GSA) of relief of functional GI symptoms. [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Assess the improvement of specific functional bowel disorders (FBD) related symptoms and Health Related Quality of Life (HRQOL). [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Enrollment: 56
Study Start Date: December 2005
Study Completion Date: September 2007
Primary Completion Date: February 2007 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: 1
Probiotic containing Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium
Dietary Supplement: Probiotics - Lactobacillus and bifidobacterium
Probiotics administered bid for 6 weeks.
Placebo Comparator: 2
Placebo
Dietary Supplement: Placebo
Placebo administered bid for 6 weeks.

Detailed Description:

Functional Bowel disorders (FBD) including Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) are characterized by a variable combination of chronic or recurrent gastrointestinal symptoms not explained by structural or biochemical abnormalities. IBS is the most common functional gastrointestinal disorder, affecting 8% to 23% of adults in the western world and accounts for 12% of primary care and 28% of gastroenterological practice visits yearly. The pathophysiology of IBS is not completely understood and currently available drug treatments for IBS are very limited (1-2). The apparent success of the use of probiotics in several gut disorders (e.g., IBD) together with the greater understanding of the role of inflammation and intestinal microflora in the pathophysiology of IBS has led to increased interest in use of probiotics in patients with IBS (3). The data on the use of probiotic in IBS is limited. However, few reported studies show encouraging results and suggests some symptomatic response and parallel improvement in quality of life (3-4). A controlled, double-blind study, randomized 20 patients with IBS to L. plantarum 299v or placebo for 4 weeks concluded that L. plantarum decreased abdominal pain and tended to normalize stool frequency in constipated patients (5). On the other hand, Lactobacillus casei GG, was found to improve stool consistency in patients with IBS and diarrhea (6). A recent randomized controlled trial using the probiotic formulation VSL#3 improved abdominal bloating in patients with diarrhea-predominant IBS. However, no differences in gastrointestinal transit measurement, bowel function scores or satisfactory global symptom relief were shown (7). The inconsistent findings of these clinical studies may be accounted to the differences in probiotics composition and the heterogeneous and multifactorial nature of the disorder. However, these studies indicate a potential relationship between probiotics therapy and functional abdominal symptoms and suggesting that the possible role of probiotics in the treatment of IBS deserves further study.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 75 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • The subject is 18 to 75 years old.
  • The subject is an ambulatory outpatient.
  • The subject has IBS, or functional diarrhea, or functional bloating according to the Rome II criteria for functional GI disorders.
  • The subject has the above symptoms for at least two weeks, despite current therapy. For diarrhea, we will use the definition of a mean of >2 bowel movements per day, or a mean score of > 4 on the Bristol Stool Form Scale per week. For bloating we will use the Rome II definition "a feeling of abdominal fullness or bloating".
  • Subject must have had a colonoscopy if age > 50y/o.
  • The subject's symptoms are mild to moderate symptoms in severity. Symptoms severity will be assessed at baseline and at the end of the 2-weeks screening period to determine eligibility prior randomization. Severity of bowel symptoms will be determined using the Francis Whorwell IBS severity scale: Mild <175, Moderate 175-300, Severe >300

Exclusion Criteria:

  • The subject has inflammation or structural abnormality of the digestive tract (e.g. inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), duodenal ulcer (DU) or gastric ulcer (GU), obstruction, symptomatic cholelithiasis).
  • The subject has severe FBD related symptoms at baseline.
  • The subject has a serious, unstable medical condition.
  • The subject has insulin-dependent Diabetes Mellitus.
  • The subject had a major psychiatric diagnosis or a suicide attempt within the last two years.
  • The subject has a history of alcohol or substance abuse within two years.
  • The subject has abnormal laboratory results (including ALT or AST > than 2.5 times normal, serum creatinine >2.0mg/dl, untreated abnormal TSH value)
  • The subject has been treated for a malignancy within the last 5 years (except BCC or SCC skin cancer).
  • The subject has been diagnosed with lactase deficiency and this can explain their symptoms (i.e., symptoms resolved or reduced significantly with lactose-free diet.)
  • The subject has participated in a drug study within the last 21 days.
  • The subject received antibiotic treatment during the last 8 weeks. (If the subject was on antibiotic treatment, a washout period of 8 weeks is required).
  • The subject had previous significant intestinal surgery.
  • The subject is pregnant or lactating, or unwilling to maintain effective contraception during course of study
  • The subject is predisposed to infection (i.e. their immune system is compromised, they have rheumatic heart disease, an artificial valve, history of bacterial endocarditis, or an active bacterial disease)
  Contacts and Locations
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00618904

Locations
United States, North Carolina
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States, 27599-7080
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
Danisco
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Yehuda Ringel, MD University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
  More Information

Additional Information:
No publications provided by University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill

Additional publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00618904     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 04-1704
Study First Received: February 7, 2008
Last Updated: July 8, 2013
Health Authority: United States: Institutional Review Board

Keywords provided by University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill:
Probiotics
Functional Gastrointestinal Symptoms

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Diarrhea
Irritable Bowel Syndrome
Signs and Symptoms, Digestive
Signs and Symptoms
Colonic Diseases, Functional
Colonic Diseases
Intestinal Diseases
Gastrointestinal Diseases
Digestive System Diseases

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on April 15, 2014