AT RISK FOR MS - Clinical Conversion of Female Monozygotic Twins Discordant for CIS/MS (ARMS)
The definition of the most 'at-risk' population within highly susceptible groups would provide an opportunity for preemptive therapeutics.
A convenient, safe, and tolerable therapy that delays the onset of clinical disease during the pre-symptomatic stage of demyelinating disease would provide a therapeutic alternative to a 'wait and see' approach in subjects at 'high risk' for CIS (clinically isolated syndrome - monosymptomatic demyelinating disease) or MS.
Identical twins share the same genes and have the highest rate of shared MS. An identical female with a sister twin with MS has a 34% chance of having MS. Non concordant (no MS yet) identical (monozygotic - from the same sperm-egg zygote) female twins provide an ideal population to find out what factors predict the onset of MS in the non-affected twin.
We will recruit 30 identical female twins, one with MS and the other without MS, and obtain brain MRI and biological samples on the non-affected twin and determine if:
- the presence of characteristic MS-like lesion(s) on baseline MRI predisposes to MS.
- specific proteins in blood or cerebrospinal fluid predispose to the clinical expression of demyelinating disease
If we can predict by simple tests (MR brain scan and blood tests) the likelihood of the onset of MS in 'at risk' subjects, and have safe and tolerable therapies, we may be able to prevent the clinical onset of demyelinating disease (MS).
Clinically Isolated Syndrome
|Study Design:||Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
|Official Title:||Determine if the Presence of Characteristic MS-like Lesion(s) on Baseline MRI Predisposes to CIS/MS in Female MZ Twins Discordant for CIS/MS.|
- Determine if the presence of characteristic MS-like lesion(s) on baseline MRI predisposes to CIS/MS in female MZ twins discordant for CIS/MS. [ Time Frame: 5 years or exit from study ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- Define the protein and microarray gene expression profile predictive of conversion to MS/CIS in female MZ twins discordant for CIS/MS. [ Time Frame: 5 years or clinical conversion to MS ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
Biospecimen Retention: Samples Without DNA
blood for serum and peripheral mononuclear cells; optional CSF - cerebrospinal fluid at entry and exit from trail
|Study Start Date:||February 2008|
|Study Completion Date:||December 2010|
|Primary Completion Date:||December 2010 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Primary Objective: Determine if the presence of characteristic MS-like lesion(s) on baseline MRI predisposes to CIS/MS in female MZ twins discordant for CIS/MS.
Secondary Objective: Define the protein and microarray gene expression profile predictive of conversion to MS/CIS in female MZ twins discordant for CIS/MS.
Design and Outcomes: This is a single center, clinical study to determine if the presence of MS-like MRI brain lesions predict the rate of conversion to CIS in female MZ twins discordant for CIS/MS.
We will screen and recruit 30 subjects, and begin to follow these subjects annually for a total of 5 years to determine if MR brain scans predict CIS/MS conversion.
Interventions and Duration: Subjects will be recruited over 2 years and followed for five years with annual neurological examinations and MR brain scans.
Sample Size and Population: 30 female co-twins discordant for CIS/MS will be studied. We predict 72% of the 27% 'at risk' subjects with characteristic MR brain lesions at baseline will convert to CIS within 5 years. We predict only 6% of the 73% 'at risk' subjects without characteristic MR brain lesions at baseline will convert to CIS within 5 years.
These data will determine if paraclinical (MRI) evidence of demyelinating disease and specific blood or cerebrospinal fluid proteins predict clinical expression of disease in highly susceptible populations predicts.
|United States, Texas|
|University of Texas - Houston|
|Houston, Texas, United States, 77030|
|Principal Investigator:||Staley A Brod, MD||University of Texas|