Glioblastoma Multiforme (GBM) Locoregional Agent Survival Study - Anti-tenascin Radiolabeled Antibody Therapy (Glass-Art)

This study has been terminated.
(Due to delay in site initiation and funding considerations)
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
Bradmer Pharmaceuticals Inc.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00615186
First received: February 1, 2008
Last updated: February 8, 2011
Last verified: February 2011
  Purpose

The current study will investigate whether the addition of Neuradiab to surgery, radiation and adjuvant chemotherapy (temozolomide) will improve the survival of patients with glioblastoma and whether the drug regimen is safe.


Condition Intervention Phase
Glioblastoma Multiforme
Drug: Neuradiab + Radiotherapy + Temozolomide
Drug: Radiation Therapy + Temozolomide
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase III Randomized Study of Neuradiab in Combination With External Beam Radiation and Temozolomide Versus External Beam Radiation and Temozolomide in Patients With Newly Diagnosed Glioblastoma Multiforme

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Bradmer Pharmaceuticals Inc.:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • The primary measure of efficacy is overall survival (OS). [ Time Frame: Death from any cause ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Progression-free survival (PFS) is the sole secondary measure of efficacy. [ Time Frame: Difference between the date of randomization and the first date of meeting objective criteria for disease progression or death, whichever event is earliest. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Enrollment: 9
Study Start Date: June 2008
Estimated Study Completion Date: December 2013
Estimated Primary Completion Date: August 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: A

Prior Surgery

Rickham Catheter placement 99mTc-DTPA Flow Study

Neuradiab Dosimetry Study

Neuradiab Therapeutic Dose Administration

Radiation Therapy (XRT) + Temozolomide:

XRT 5 days/week + temozolomide (75 mg/m2/day) over 6.5 weeks.

Post-Radiation Temozolomide Therapy:

Temozolomide 150-200 mg/m2/day × 5 days, every 28 days until patient's death, confirmed disease progression, unacceptable toxicity, non-compliance with the protocol, withdrawal of consent, and/or other factor that in the opinion of the consulting oncologist precludes continued study treatment.

Drug: Neuradiab + Radiotherapy + Temozolomide

Prior Surgery

Rickham Catheter placement 99mTc-DTPA Flow Study

Neuradiab Dosimetry Study

Neuradiab Therapeutic Dose Administration

Radiation Therapy (XRT) + Temozolomide:

XRT 5 days/week + temozolomide (75 mg/m2/day) over 6.5 weeks.

Post-Radiation Temozolomide Therapy:

Temozolomide 150-200 mg/m2/day × 5 days, every 28 days until patient's death, confirmed disease progression, unacceptable toxicity, non-compliance with the protocol, withdrawal of consent, and/or other factor that in the opinion of the consulting oncologist precludes continued study treatment.

Active Comparator: B

Prior Surgery: Gross total resection (< 1 cm. enhancing rim)

Radiation Therapy (XRT) + Temozolomide:

XRT 5 days/week + 42 days of temozolomide (75 mg/m2/day) over 6.5 weeks

Post-Radiation Temozolomide Therapy:

Temozolomide 150-200 mg/m2/day × 5 days, every 28 days until patient's death, confirmed disease progression, unacceptable toxicity, non-compliance with the protocol, withdrawal of consent, and/or other factor that in the opinion of the consulting oncologist precludes continued study treatment.

Drug: Radiation Therapy + Temozolomide

Prior Surgery: Gross total resection (< 1 cm. enhancing rim)

Radiation Therapy (XRT) + Temozolomide:

XRT 5 days/week + 42 days of temozolomide (75 mg/m2/day) over 6.5 weeks

Post-Radiation Temozolomide Therapy:

Temozolomide 150-200 mg/m2/day × 5 days, every 28 days until patient's death, confirmed disease progression, unacceptable toxicity, non-compliance with the protocol, withdrawal of consent, and/or other factor that in the opinion of the consulting oncologist precludes continued study treatment.

Other Name: Temodar (US)

Detailed Description:

In all cases where surgery is a possibility, tumor removal is usually indicated as the first step of therapy for glioblastomas. The goals of such surgery include removal of as much tumor mass as possible and preparation of the tumor bed for adjuvant therapy. Except for deaths arising from adverse surgical events (about 1-2% of surgeries), tumor removal enhances survival times. Unfortunately, without additional therapies, most GBM will recur at or near the original tumor site within several months. Addition of radiotherapy to surgery as part of the treatment regimen enhances survival in most patients compared to surgery alone.

The use and benefits of adjuvant chemotherapy for GBM is controversial. Some studies suggest an enhancement of survival from the use of agents such as carmustine (BCNU) and cisplatin, but generally only about 10-20% of the patient population shows such responses (Stewart 2002). The blood-brain barrier presents a major obstacle to traditional uses of chemotherapy in GBM, and, therefore, some clinical trials are focused on delivery of such agents directly to the brain/tumor mass via catheters with pressure-driven infusion.

At present, only two pharmacologic therapies are approved for the treatment of GBM, Gliadel® and Temodar®. Implantation of BCNU-impregnated wafers (Gliadel Wafer, Guilford Pharmaceuticals, approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in 1996) after surgery and radiotherapy was the first pharmacologic-chemotherapeutic therapy for GBM. It has shown very modest enhancements in overall survival (11.6 vs. 13.9 months) when added to a regimen of surgery and radiotherapy (Westphal et al. 2006). In this patient population, these agents demonstrate the typical side effects associated with antineoplastic chemotherapies, and are, therefore, often contraindicated. Nevertheless, despite FDA approval and availability of Gliadel for nearly a decade, its utility remains controversial and it is not routinely used in daily clinical practice. In 2005, the FDA approved the use of temozolomide (Temodar ®, Schering-Plough) given concurrently during and subsequent to radiotherapy for the treatment of newly diagnosed GBM. In a multicenter Phase III trial of 573 GBM patients, radiation alone gave a median survival rate of 12.1 months; the addition of temozolomide led to a median survival of 14.6 months (Stupp et al. NEJM 2005). More importantly, the 2-year survival rate increased from 10% with initial radiation alone to 27% with combined chemo- and radiotherapy. This regimen is considered the standard of care for all patients with newly diagnosed glioblastoma. Ongoing clinical trials are exploring alternative temozolomide administration schedules or combination of this regimen with novel chemotherapy or targeted anti-tumor agents assessing the efficacy of temozolomide alone or in various chemotherapeutic combinations are underway (Herrlinger et al. 2006, Mirimanoff et al. 2006, Stupp et al. 2006, Hau et. al. 2007).

The current study will investigate whether the addition of Neuradiab to surgery, radiation and adjuvant chemotherapy (temozolomide) will improve the survival of patients with glioblastoma and whether the drug regimen is safe. Earlier trials have demonstrated that patient-specific dosimetry yields the best combination of safety and efficacy and will be employed in the current trial. The anti-tenascin monoclonal antibody will bind to tenascin glycoprotein associated with residual neuroblastoma cells, causing the associated radioactive iodine to be fixed in close proximity to the tumor delivering cytocidal local radiotherapy. In this way, it is anticipated that residual tumor cells, which represent the primary reason for treatment failure using conventional therapy, will be destroyed, thus prolonging patient survival. The surgery, radiotherapy, and adjuvant chemotherapy will be administered to the patients in the control arm and represents appropriate therapy for this disorder. In addition, tumor samples will be analyzed for methyl guanine methyl transferase (MGMT) activity to see whether the previously observed and reported correlation with outcome is once again observed (Hegi et. al. 2005).

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Newly diagnosed supratentorial unifocal lesion seen on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).
  • Patient must have undergone a gross total surgical resection of the tumor mass with post surgical MRI (performed within 14 days of randomization) demonstration of adequacy defined as < 1.0 cm of residual enhancement away from resection cavity perimeter.
  • Histopathologically confirmed diagnosis of glioblastoma (World Health Organization [WHO] grade IV astrocytoma) and tumor sample is available. (http://rad.usuhs.mil/rad/who/who2b.html)
  • Age ≥ 18 years of age at the time of study entry.
  • Karnofsky Performance Status ≥ 60%.
  • Adequate bone marrow function, defined as:

    1. Absolute neutrophil count ≥ 1500 cells/mm3
    2. Hemoglobin ≥ 10 g/dL
    3. Platelet count ≥ 100,000 cells/mm3
  • Adequate hepatic function, defined as:

    1. Bilirubin ≤ 1.5 mg/dL
    2. SGOT ≤ 2.5 × upper limit of normal (ULN
  • Adequate renal function, defined as creatinine ≤ 1.3 mg/dL (µmol/L)
  • Patients must have a negative HAMA (human anti-murine antibody) assay.
  • Women of childbearing potential must have a negative pregnancy test (serum or urine).
  • Men and women of reproductive potential must agree to use an effective contraceptive method including one of the following: surgical sterilization (tubal ligation for women or vasectomy for men); approved hormonal contraceptives (such as birth control pills, Depo-Provera or Lupron Depro); barrier methods (such as condom or diaphragm) used with a spermicide cream or an intrauterine device (IUD).
  • Patient must give written informed consent prior to any study-specific procedures being implemented.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Infratentorial tumor, tumor with subependymal spread, multifocal tumor, tumor with ventricular communication, intraventricular tumor or tumor which abuts the motor strip or exceeds beyond the cranial vault.
  • Pregnant or lactating females.
  • Women of childbearing potential and men who are sexually active and not willing/able to use medically acceptable forms of contraception.
  • No severe, active comorbidity, including any of the following:

    1. Unstable angina and/or congestive heart failure requiring hospitalization
    2. Transmural myocardial infarction within the last 6 months
    3. Acute bacterial or fungal infection requiring intravenous antibiotics at the time of randomization
    4. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease exacerbation or other respiratory illness requiring hospitalization or precluding study therapy at the time of randomization
    5. Known hepatic insufficiency resulting in clinical jaundice and/or coagulation defects
    6. Known AIDS based upon current CDC definition
    7. Major medical illnesses or psychiatric impairments that, in the investigator's opinion, will prevent administration or completion of protocol therapy
    8. Active connective tissue disorders, such as lupus or scleroderma that, in the opinion of the treating physician, may put the patient at high risk for radiation toxicity.
  • Prior or planned chemotherapy, immunotherapy, biologic therapy, radiation therapy, radioimmunotherapy, hormonal therapy, or experimental therapy for brain tumor. Prior or active corticosteroid therapy is permitted.
  • History of severe allergic reaction to contrast media.
  • Any serious medical condition or psychiatric illness unresponsive to medical intervention.
  • Prior malignancy if active treatment was required during the previous 3 years except for adequately treated basal cell or squamous cell skin cancer and in situ uterine cervical cancer.
  • Known hypersensitivity to murine proteins.
  • Inability to undergo an MRI.
  • Patients treated on any other therapeutic clinical trial within 30 days prior to study entry or during participation in the study.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00615186

Sponsors and Collaborators
Bradmer Pharmaceuticals Inc.
Investigators
Principal Investigator: David A. Reardon, MD Duke University
Principal Investigator: Philip J Bierman, MD University of Nebraska
Principal Investigator: Ray M. Chu, MD Cedars-Sinai Medical Center
Principal Investigator: Susan C. Pannullo, MD New York Presbyterian - Cornell
Principal Investigator: Frank D. Vrionis, MD, MPH, PhD Moffitt Cancer Center
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: David A. Reardon, MD, Duke University Medical Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00615186     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: BRAD-301
Study First Received: February 1, 2008
Last Updated: February 8, 2011
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Keywords provided by Bradmer Pharmaceuticals Inc.:
Neuradiab
Locoregional glioblastoma multiforme disease
Anti-tenascin
Radiolabeled antibody therapy
Survival

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Glioblastoma
Astrocytoma
Glioma
Neoplasms, Neuroepithelial
Neuroectodermal Tumors
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue
Temozolomide
Dacarbazine
Immunoconjugates
Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating
Alkylating Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Pharmacologic Actions
Antineoplastic Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on August 18, 2014