Low Dose Vaccine Study for Surgically Resected Pancreatic Cancer

This study has been terminated.
(Sponsor proceeded with a phase III study for same indication.)
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
NewLink Genetics Corporation
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00614601
First received: January 31, 2008
Last updated: May 28, 2014
Last verified: May 2014
  Purpose

To assess the response for subjects with pancreatic cancer that have undergone surgical resection and treatment with a vaccine given with or without chemotherapy and chemoradiation.


Condition Intervention Phase
Pancreatic Cancer
Biological: HyperAcute(R)-Pancreatic Cancer Vaccine
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Non-Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase II Study of Low Dose HyperAcute(R)-Pancreatic Cancer Vaccine in Subjects With Surgically Resected Pancreatic Cancer

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by NewLink Genetics Corporation:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • The primary objective of this Phase II trial is to assess disease-free survival (DFS) at one (1) year following initiation of treatment as the primary endpoint of the study in subjects treated with the HyperAcute®-Pancreatic Cancer Vaccine [ Time Frame: One year ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • We will use overall survival and adverse events rates as secondary endpoints. [ Time Frame: Duration of study ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Enrollment: 9
Study Start Date: January 2008
Estimated Study Completion Date: December 2014
Primary Completion Date: May 2010 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: 1
Vaccine + chemo + chemoradiation therapy
Biological: HyperAcute(R)-Pancreatic Cancer Vaccine
100 million vaccine cells will be injected intradermally for up to 14 vaccinations over approximately 8 months
Other Name: HAPa-1 and HAPa-2 vaccine components
Experimental: 2
Vaccine Only
Biological: HyperAcute(R)-Pancreatic Cancer Vaccine
100 million vaccine cells will be injected intradermally for up to 14 vaccinations over approximately 8 months
Other Name: HAPa-1 and HAPa-2 vaccine components

Detailed Description:

Unfortunately, despite the best clinical efforts and breakthroughs in biotechnology, most patients diagnosed with pancreatic cancer continue to die from their disease in a very short period of time. The primary reason for this is the short progression time of the disease; in fact, most patients with pancreatic cancer have symptoms at the time of the diagnosis. Moreover, lack of any single agent or procedure to have any significant impact on long term survival rates further contributes to poor prognostic outcomes observed with this disease.

These reasons are the major causes of cancer progression that are usually discussed when considering treatment options for patients with disease that continues to grow and spread. However, another important part of the body should be considered-- the immune system. Scientists have clearly shown that pancreatic cancer cells as well as other cancer cells produce a number of abnormal proteins or abnormal amounts of certain proteins not found in normal cells. Normally one would expect a patient to develop an immune response against these abnormal proteins found in their cancer and attack them much the way we would fight off an infection from a foreign bacteria or virus. However, for reasons that scientists do not fully understand, the immune system fails to respond to these abnormal proteins and does not attack the cancer cells. This human clinical trial proposes a new way to make the immune system recognize the cancer and encourage it to attack the cancer cells.

Many people are familiar with the idea of transplants between people of organs like the kidneys or heart. When an organ transplant between two people is completed one of the problems that can occur is rejection of the donated organ by the recipient. This can occur because the immune system of the patient who receives the organ attacks the donated organ. If you were to attempt to transplant a pig heart to a human the rejection would be dramatically stronger than when organs are transplanted between two people. This is partly because lower animals express sugar-protein patterns on the surface of their cells that humans do not. In fact, our immune systems can quickly recognize tissues from lower mammals such as the pig or the mouse and destroys them.

In this project, we propose to put a mouse gene into human pancreatic cancer cells that produces these abnormal sugar patterns and stimulates the immune system to attack the pancreatic cancer. This strategy works well to kill other human cancer cells in the laboratory, but it needs to be tried in pancreatic cancer patients to see if it will be effective. We propose to test this new treatment in patients with pancreatic cancer who have undergone tumor resection to see if it can stop or slow recurrence of tumors in these patients. Patients will be injected with an anti-tumor vaccine consisting of a mixture of two types of dead human pancreatic cancer cells that have been genetically altered to express the mouse gene responsible for making this abnormal sugar-protein on the cells.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • A histological diagnosis of adenocarcinoma of the pancreas. The patient's pathology must be reviewed and confirmed by the clinical site's Pathology Department.
  • AJCC Stage I or II Pancreatic carcinoma. Patients must have undergone surgical resection for the tumor and extent of resection must be either R0 (complete resection with grossly and microscopically negative margins or resection) or R1 (grossly negative but positive microscopically margins of resection).
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) Performance Status ≤ 2.
  • Serum albumin ≥ 2.0 gm/dL.
  • Expected survival ≥ 6 months.
  • Subjects must have a negative serology for HIV prior to entering study.
  • Subjects must be able to take in ≥ 1500 calories daily.
  • Adequate organ function including:
  • Marrow: WBC ≥3000/mm3 and platelets ≥100,000/mm3.
  • Hepatic: serum total bilirubin ≤ 2 x ULN mg/dL, ALT (SGPT) and AST (SGOT) ≤3 x upper limit of normal (ULN).
  • Renal: serum creatinine (sCr) ≤2.0 x ULN, or creatinine clearance (Ccr) ≥30 mL/min.
  • First vaccination must be within 6 weeks after surgery.
  • Patients must have the ability to understand the study, its inherent risks, side effects and potential benefits and be able give written informed consent to participate.
  • All subjects of child producing potential must agree to use contraception or avoidance of pregnancy measures while enrolled on study and receiving the experimental product, and for one month after the last immunization.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Age <18-years-old.
  • Active metastases.
  • Other malignancy within five years, unless the probability of recurrence of the prior malignancy is <5%. Patient's curatively treated for squamous and basal cell carcinoma of the skin or patients with a history of malignant tumor in the past that have been disease free for at least five years are also eligible for this study.
  • History of organ transplant.
  • Current, active immunosuppressive therapy such as cyclosporine, tacrolimus, etc.
  • Subjects taking chronic systemic corticosteroid therapy for any reason are not eligible. Subjects may receive steroids as prophylactic anti-emetics, not to exceed 10 mg Decadron weekly. Subjects may also receive pulse doses for Gemcitabine hypersensitivity, not to exceed Decadron 8 mg BID x 3 days prior to start day of Gemcitabine. Subjects receiving inhaled or topical corticosteroids are eligible. Subjects who require chronic systemic corticosteroids after beginning vaccination, will be removed from study.
  • Significant or uncontrolled congestive heart failure (CHF), myocardial infarction or significant ventricular arrhythmias within the last six months.
  • Active infection or antibiotics within 1-week prior to study, including unexplained fever (temp > 38.1C).
  • Autoimmune disease (e.g., systemic lupus erythematosis (SLE), rheumatoid arthritis (RA), etc.). Patients with a remote history of asthma or mild active asthma are eligible.
  • Other serious medical conditions that may be expected to limit life expectancy to less than 2 years (e.g., liver cirrhosis) or a serious illness in medical opinion of the clinical investigator.
  • Any condition, psychiatric or otherwise, that would preclude informed consent, consistent follow-up or compliance with any aspect of the study (e.g., untreated schizophrenia or other significant cognitive impairment, etc.).
  • A known allergy to any component of the vaccine or cell lines.
  • Pregnant or nursing women due to the unknown effects of vaccination on the developing fetus or newborn infant. (For patients with child bearing potential, a βHCG must be completed within 7 days of first vaccination).
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00614601

Locations
United States, Kentucky
University of Louisville
Louisville, Kentucky, United States, 40292
Sponsors and Collaborators
NewLink Genetics Corporation
Investigators
Study Chair: Charles J. Link, M.D. NewLink Genetics Corporation
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: NewLink Genetics Corporation
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00614601     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: NLG0305, OBA#0704-844
Study First Received: January 31, 2008
Last Updated: May 28, 2014
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Keywords provided by NewLink Genetics Corporation:
pancreatic cancer
vaccine therapy

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Pancreatic Neoplasms
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Endocrine Gland Neoplasms
Digestive System Diseases
Pancreatic Diseases
Endocrine System Diseases

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on July 31, 2014