Use of Screening Colonoscopy Among Minority Women and Men
Colorectal cancer is a cancer in the colon or rectum. Routine screening can find it at an early stage, when it has a much higher chance of cure. Screening can also help to find polyps. These are mushroom shaped growths that could turn into cancer. A polyp can be removed before it turns into cancer. Even though screening can save lives, not enough people in the country are having it. This is especially true in Harlem. Harlem has a higher rate of deaths from this cancer than other places in the U.S. because too many people do not get screened. By the time a person has symptoms, the cancer may be at a late stage, when it is much harder to cure.
We are doing this study to see if we can increase the number of people in Harlem who get screened. We plan to tell women about the screening when they have a mammogram or pap test. We will also ask them what they know and think about colorectal cancer. And, we will see if they get other members of their household to be screened.
|Study Design:||Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
|Official Title:||A Model Program for Increasing Use of Screening Colonoscopy Among Minority Women and Men|
- To determine the feasibility of using a community screening mammography center to recruit minority women form a low income community to undergo colorectal cancer screening (CRCS). [ Time Frame: conclusion of the study ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- Identify individual level barriers (demographic, financial, and psychological) to CRCS among minority women who are already participating in screening for another cancer (breast or cervical) [ Time Frame: conclusion of the study ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- Determine the feasibility of promoting CRCS among spouses (and other members of the household) of minority women who have undergone screening colonoscopy. [ Time Frame: conclusion of the study ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
|Study Start Date:||July 2003|
|Study Completion Date:||January 2009|
|Primary Completion Date:||January 2009 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Women participating in a community based mammography or cervical screening program will also participate in colonoscopy screening. Participation will be measured by stating an interest in colorectal cancer screening and then following through with colonoscopy screening. Furthermore we will assess whether those complying with colonoscopy will also recommend colonoscopy screening for their spouses or household members.
Procedure: Colonoscopy and Questionnaire
Pt is asked to complete attitude and belief questionnaire then have a Colonoscopy. Then within 6 weeks post colonoscopy a final telephone interview.
|United States, New York|
|Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center|
|New York, New York, United States, 10065|
|Breast Examination Center of Harlem|
|New York, New York, United States|
|Principal Investigator:||Moshe Shike, MD||Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center|